3/3/09 5:57 PM Prostitution Concern Large numbers Spread of disease Disruption of the boundaries of separate spheres Increase in criminal behavior Reality Poverty?40% in London had been victimized as servants first Also worked in factories Liked the independence, wages, freedom, preferred over other opportunities Same things that drove women into marriage Necessary evil To protect virtue of the ?angel of the house??can?t handle that much sex Response Started w/ Napoleon Paris Police Morals Bureau Registered prostitutes, kept track of health Contagious Disease Acts?1860s Expanded area of control over the years Register women?s profession Picked up women off the streets, painful pelvic exams, if found w/ disease sent to hospitals/jail Any single women might be subject, whether prostitute or not In some ways made prostitution a career because they had to register Josephine Butler (1828-1906) Comes from social progressive family Married to man dedicated to civic causes, esp. education of women Put ?fallen women? under male control, didn?t like male promiscuity and hated focus on women more than men Ladies National Association Laws aren?t helping, allows male promiscuity, doesn?t help women but works against them Asks for repeal of CDAs?finally gets what she wants in 1883 Significance Double standards The problem isn?t that women are selling themselves, but that they?re doing it out of wedlock Wide effects of gender difference Social fears and interference New role for women Reform General background Liberalism, conservatism Bad conditions due to factories and the streets Middle-class reform 1832 Reform Bill 1st Great Reform Bill men can vote if hold property Workers? reform in 1838 men organize petition w/ millions of signatures The Chartist Movement (1830s) Mostly for (male) suffrage Soundly rejected by the government Women participated Begins process Legacy Begins process of politicizing women Caroline Norton Upper class women who made mistake in choice of husband Stupid, wife beater, lied about his income After continual abuse, decides to run away, losing the custody of her children, gives up income she had received from writing ?The Natural Rights of Women??the child infant custody act is passed because of her writings If women are separated from their husbands, women may take control of their children until the age of 7 Converts motherhood from a woman?s responsibility to a woman?s right First crack/erosion to conceive women as having some kind of rights 3/3/09 5:57 PM 3/3/09 5:57 PM
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