Lecture Notes 2/27/09 Society a 1) group of people who 2) occupy a common territory and 3) interact 4) within a common culture culture=products society=people Characteristics of Society 1) interaction between society and its members 2) society ?shapes? us; we ?shape? society 3) societies tend to be self-sufficient 4) provide for the maintenance of members 5) perpetuate themselves through reproduction and/or recruitment 6) socialize new members, transmit culture 7) change (adapt) while providing stability 8) compete successfully with other groups for resources Social Structure The organized framework of relationships within a society Basic components Statuses Roles Social situations Social groups Organizations Institutions Statuses Socially defined positions in society Determine ?fit? Determine relationships Types of Statuses Ascribed-assigned (male or female) Achieved- achieved/assumed voluntarily (student) Graduated-vary by degree Nominal-named (daughter) Master status- determines identity (student)
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