Wu Zhen (woo jun) Stalks of Bamboo by a Rock, Yuan Dynasty 1347 Done toward the end of his life. He was defined as a scholar-recluse. Scholar: Man with a sound education--one based on the confusion classics--intellectual basis. Recluse: Because he lived outside of a political basis. It's a simple painting. No concern for local color, or depth. The concern here is brush strokes. Stalks, leaves, rock,
Shitao (Shurr Tao) Man in a House Beneath a cliff, Qing Dynasty Late 17th century small painting, 9" tall. One of twelve paintings in an album. This was a foreign dynasty. As a means to ensure his safety, he had to go into exile. He took refuge in a monastery became Buddhist monk. but left to become a painter. (form of self expression, painting as play)
China and Korea
Korea was a part of China. Korea enthusiastically embraced Chinese philosophy and language and Buddhist faith. They also adopted the privleged arts of calligraphy and painting.
Ye Yushan and others, Rent COllection Courtyard, 1965 114 lifesized sculptures. Master liu terrorized noble peasants. He had them pay rent in the form of rice. He had a trick winnower that separates grain from the rice, it always said they weren't meeting their quota. He would beat them, This was installed in Lius house after he was finally put down by the people.
Literati-Painting (also known as Literati Art)
It's a theory 200 years before the Wu Zhen painting. A project to elevate painting to the level of high art. (Isn't it already?) But historically, it's not till the renaissance painting becomes a privileged art form. They elevated it by focusing on the artist. Calligraphy defined as a high art, Art was worthy if the artists was worthy.A worthy persona was a perpetual learner and a perpetual artists (in calligraphy and poetry) Lifelong intellectual and artistic pursuit.
Playful, self-expression. Painting because of inspiration, enjoyed, not as a job.
Scrolls and the role of calligraphy, inscriptions, colophonos in them
A foreign ethnic group considered barbaric by the Chinese. According to the chinese, everyone else is barbaric.
Yuan Dynasty (est 1279)
Another foreign dynsaty under Mongol Rule (Gengis Khan. His father Kublai Khan founded)
Landscape in Chinese Art
Nature is a space of purity. The chosen art of educated scholars.
Italian Jesuit. combines Chinese and renaissance art style.
People's Republic of China and Social Realism
When Mao took over, there was a complete overhaul of art. Scoaialist Realism. Art was recast to fit the needs of a new nation, Mao rejected the idea of expressing individual personhood. They should be on par with everyone else and serve the need of the socialist cause. The style was demanded as being realism
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