Send Monday notes to HYPERLINK "mailto:email@example.com" firstname.lastname@example.org Make sure to pull from both lecture AND readings, they?re there for a reason ?Traditional? vs ?Modern? Traditional generally means Western pre-1600, for our purposes/academ soci. Modern is generally post-1800. It?s what happened in between that?s interesting. Important stuff: Politics :Monarchy, Democracy Social movements (Civil rights, abolition, feminism), BUT =/= Totalitarianism Economics: Feudalism, Capitalism Culture: Religion (particularly Christianity in the West), Humanism/Science with Tech/Comm subgroup?various tech revolutions There?s a flipside to politics in modern societies we mostly don?t talk about. Yay democracy, right? It?s not just the lucky few of aristocracy. But since the 1800s and esp the 20th century, there?s this new sort of politics, totalitarianism. An absolute government, which means what? The gov?t dictates EVERYTHING you can and can?t do. Nazi Germany 1936-1945ish, right? There?s empires and such, of course, but there was no WAY to micromanage. That takes extensive communications and bureaucracy and filing systems and (eventually) computers. ?We?re gonna send your fingerprints up to Washington.? The stated goal of the Stazi was to know everything. Circa 1600? Aristocrats laugh their head off at the idea. Lots of classical theory is based off of looking at what was going on around them, so to make sense of what they say we?ve got to know what the hell it is they?re talking about. So history yay. So let?s mock up a timeline, shall we? For some reference points. TIMELINE: Modernity in the West 1440: Gutenberg?s printing press 1492: Columbus gets lost. 1501: The first African slaves are brought to Hispanola (This timeline is about power/capitalism, not just history. It?s important to remember that just about all major modern economies were founded on/took off because of the slave trade. Molasses->rum->slaves.) 1517: Luther nails a thesis to a door/Protestant Reformation. 1543: Copernicus gets in trouble. 1607: Jamestown VA. 1620: Plymouth 1688: Glorious Revolution/Beginning of Parliamentary England (1688 the first modern revolution sounds like an interesting book) 1712: First marketable steam engine 1776: Declaration of Independence. V radical, but it?s out in the colonies, who really cares? 1789: FRENCH REVOLUTION. *KNOW THIS! This is big stuff. It started off an avalanche of attempts at social reform?if we can remake France, why can?t we remake everything for everyone? Also it partially started with a slave revolt. They actually kept doing it until 1871. Hi Napoleon. Also it was a SHOCK: They called it the Reign of Terror. France?s aristocratic regime had ruled Europe basically for 200 years?if you were part of ANYBODY?s aristocracy you spoke French. It was the centre of old-regime Europe. The idea of France falling was shocking and obsessing all the way into the early 20th century. Paris had been the centre. (Napoleon?s claim to power is built on the PEOPLE, not on the divine right of kings. His power was that they adored him. Even when he fucked up.) 1799: Napoleon tries to take over all of Europe. 1815: Waterloo 1858: British Colonial takeover of India (oh, the Raj. As opposed to just being ruled by the EIC. This will get us into a colonialism lecture, vis a vis how much political and how much economic.) 1861 Civ War 1863: Emancipation Proclamation 1865: Civil War ends, Reconstruction begins 1868: Black Ships 1876-77: Jim Crow/Segregation starts: poll tax, grandfather laws, literacy tests 1898: start of American colonialism, Philippines and Puerto Rico (Span-Amer War ended) 1899: Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams, thus setting off modern psychology (and a slew of father-son movies, as well as a lot of speculation about the power of belief) 1914: WWI 1918: End of 1920: Female suffrage in USA 1929: Great Depression begins 1933: Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany, Nazi Germany starts, New Deal with America: Gov?t takeover of the public sector to get people out of the Depression. FUCKTON of real roads ensue. Whoot Social Security. And the Hoover Dam. Stuff gets built EVERYWHERE about then. Oh, and modern homeownership starts up?housing loans, federally-backed banks that give loans, the ?modern? middle class and suburbs 1939-1945: WWII 1947: Indian independence, Pakistani split (For every bit of the world except us, history becomes a long train of revolutions and decolonization about here. The Sovereignty of Macao was the last one?Portugal to China in 1999.) 1955: Brown v Board of Education ends school segregation. Whoot Civil Rights moment, Women?s Lib. 1965: Voting Rights Act/Modern Civil Rights act 1972-73: Watergate 1973: GAS CRISIS because of OPEC?oil producing countries form an embargo, ?we?re not going to compete with each other to sell gas, we?re going to set it to what we want.? Yay Energy Crises!
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