3-24-10 Character of Policy Process Fluid & Dynamic Access Wide Open Numerous Actors Moving In & Out Interests Mobilized Goals Mixed Context of Local Process Land-Oriented Local Policy Results from: 3 factors of production Vote With Our Feet Land as Attraction for Labor, Capital Policy Typology Developmental Redistributional Allocational Local Govt favors Developmental Local Govt avoids Redistributional Local Result: ?Growth Machine? Is a coalition of political interests that typically participates in land-use decisions Coalition = a combination of unlike minded interests (people or groups) who nonetheless agree, for own distinct reasons, to a common course of action Follows ?Logic of Capital Investment? Machine?s General Membership Direct Beneficiaries (those with most to win or lose) including Property Investors, Developers, Realtors, Investment Bankers, etc. Politicians Mass-media Utilities Machine?s Auxiliary Members Universities or Colleges Cultural Institutions (e.g. zoo, museum) Organized Labor Professional Sports Teams Other Influences Federalism Federal & State Governments; Tribes Regional Conflicts Courts & Litigation Grass Roots Organizations Issue Networks & Iron Triangles Nature of Policy Conflicts Coalitions broaden or constrict conflict Focus on Public Opinion Tools of Direct Democracy Referendum Initiative Recall Courts as Option
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