ANTHROPOLOGY ? SQUARE ROOT DAY!!! Social Class Stratified: highly unequal distribution ofresources andwealth, with largedifferencesin access to ppower andsocialreqards(prestige). Inequalites between social strata- unequal access to wealth, power, and prestige, as well as productive resources, such as land, technology, and education or training. Types of Strata: Caste: endogamous groups with no possibility of mobility. Laws and regulations regarding social relations between castes. More permanent membership. Most common example isindias caste system. Class: strata that have different degrees ofownership of productive property (means of production)and material goods. Also have different influence overdecision- making and public policy. Exogamy is technically allowed and people can experience? Pre- Capitalist strata Fuedalism: relationship between lords, serfs, and fiefs Lords: ownersof fiefdom (fief= land) Serf: peasant laborers bound to a lord Class and Capitalism Karl Marx: focusedon differences based on materialwealth. Bourgeoisie- owners of factories, mines, large farms, and other means of production Proletariat- working class that sell laborforwork Max Weber: 3 dimensions of social stratifications wealth(economic) power(political) prestige (social) Socio-Economic Status Quantitative studies often use SES (socio-economic status) which combines variables of income profession & education Questions to Ask How are class relations reproduced? Why do subordinated groups consent to be governed? How do subordinated groups accommodate to and resist dominant or hegemonic ideologies? Answers: Coercion- forced or subtle Enculturation Ideologies (numerous types) Hegemony (Antonio Gramsci) Gender Biological sex Female XX Male XY Gender: the social construction of male and female characteristics Gender RolesandStereotypes Gender Roles-talks and activities ?assigned to? men and women Gender Stereotypes- oversimplified but often strongly held ideas about the characteristics of men and women Gender Stratification Material and other valued resources Power Prestige Human Rights and personal freedoms Control over own life, labor, and its fruits Control over the lives, labor, and produce of others Gender Inequality In economic systems In kinship and residence systems In power structures Gender Inequalities Contributions to subsistence Control over economic resources Post-marital kinship ties and residence Domestic (private)/ public dichotomy Participation in politics, trade, warfare, ?work?, spiritual activities and curing Violence directed at women (and men) History: inequalities, struggles to change roles and meanings
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