3/8/09 12:53 AM Finish British Suffrage movements Suffragettes more radical than suffragists Did a lot of damage Counterproductive? Alienated political supporters Fueled misogynist views Female hysteria Not here because we are law breakers, but because we are law makers Gov. obstructed change even before radical moves The Road to War Internal tensions Isms and movements Mass politics Those traditionally excluded are demanding a voice all over Europe Some even want a war to clear the air, stop the demands External tensions Imperialism and competition For land/seas With new technology Breakdown of diplomacy Makes problems worse Europe is divided into halves by alliances Opposing alliances Triple alliance: Germany, A-H and Italy Triple Entent: Russia, France, and G Britain Chronology to war Balkan tensions Multi-national/ethnic geography in Austro-Hungarian empire Powder keg of Europe ?pan Slavism? and Russia 6/28/1914?assassination heir to the Austrian throne?Franz Ferdinand somewhat liberal Serbian nationals called the ?Black Hand? War declared on Serbia Expands to involve all of the countries in Europe because of alliances the Great War: reality and the military front Greeted with great excitement at first Brings people together Think it?s going to be short New technology Old strategy Troglodyte war Staggering losses Technology, armaments War of trenches, war of holes and ditches Sea of death, blood, guts in the no man?s land /b/ trenches Discontent and despair 1st Total War in history, everyone suffers shortages and hunger at home those that were so enthusiastic in the beginning, now filled with despair carnage is commonplace The Great War and the home front Mass mobilization Propaganda soldiers in trenches feel closer bond w/ the enemy in other trenches than with those at home propaganda for hatred for enemies ensure civilian support, campaign against cowardice, desertion, sedition White Feather Campaign?men not wearing uniforms were handed a white feather by women, sign of cowardice Women take over whatever men left Once thought not able, now just expected Not a great change, but rise in tensions Resented by men (in trenches) 1st time that the war is brought home thru pictures and reporters mass public opinion By 1918, English government is forced to give women the vote because of their participation in the war effort 3/8/09 12:53 AM 3/8/09 12:53 AM
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