Chapter 14 Important Questions When was radio news brought to maturity? 1930s and 1940s Who was head of CBS ? what did he want radio to remain as? Bill Paley; wanted radio to remain live- wanted to deter others from recording & selling music, wanted control Who wanted radio to be recorded? Edward Murrow When did Edward Murrow join CBS? What did he do there? Joined in 1935 with ?his boys?; Director of Talks and Special Events When did EM go to London and for what? Went in 1937; administrator and coordinator and broadcaster of news What did EM get rejected from and why? Rejected from American Foreign Correspondents Association in London, because radio was so new during this time Who had a stinging stint, gained pledges for $39 million in war bonds Kate Stint Who wept on the air while broadcasting the President?s funeral in 1945 as Roosevelt?s body was carried down Penn Ave: and why was this imp? Arthur Godfrey; American?s felt they were present Who was one of radio?s first news commentators, became the voice of radio, is known for beginning with CBS and later NBC, and believes radio to be the force for democracy and as a source for presenting controversy? Hans von Kaltenborn What station did he work on for Westinghouse? Experimental station ? WJZ in Newwark, New Jersey Who was named ?Radio father of the year? in 1952? Kaltenborn EM was the first to hire whom, what did he tell them? Television women abroad; Mary Marvin Breckinridge, ?to keep her voice low? What is EM?s most famous ?see it now? moment on tv? When he exposed Senator Joseph McCarthy Which of the following did EM do: Write or speak for the air? He did both EM joined Kennedy admin as what? Director of US info agency Prior to CBS, EM lacked what? Newspaper experience What are two major wire services? UP, United Press; Associated Press A Supreme Court decision with UP and AP said what? They were brought available to any newspaper and AP members couldn?t deny services to competitors or prevent its members from subscribing to a second service How much did UP coverage of continuing conflict between China-Japan cost? 2,000 a day How much was CBS/NBC spending in the 1940s covering European capitals? 10,000 a week How much did foreign news for NY Times cost in 1941? Over $1 Million What risk did correspondents take? Personal injury; 23 killed that in one year Who was the WW2 correspondent who won Pulitzer Prize during Korean war and covered Vietnam conflict for ?Newsday?, US capture of the Dachau concentration camp, Nurember war trials? Marguerite Higgins, female journalist What was the significance of columnist and cartoonist? Told lives of soldiers upfront Who was a Pulitzer prize winning columnist that was carried by 300 dallies and 400 weekly newspapers? Ernie Pyle Ernie Pyle told of effects of what war? War on London How did Ernie die? Gunfire while on coverage What was the ?extra dimension? of radio news? That it was live (not recorded) The FCC act of 1934 did what? Gave FDR the power to take control of radio in emergency The Fairness doctrine did what? 1949, Held that broadcasters could air a point of view if they made time available for the other person holding different views. By 1941, what were correspondents required to do while attending White House conferences? Carry a press pass What were the three tasks of The Office of Censorship? 1. Administer code of wartime practice 2. Monitor news entering/leaving country 3. Handle foreign correspondents reporting the war from US When was Office of War Information created and what was its budget? June 1942; Budget $132,500,000 for three years What did Office of War Information control? Broadcasting facilities of 5 companies What did the Motion picture industry do? How much of an impact did it have? Incorporate blacks in films; little effect Was the Black Press ever investigated, if so: when? Since WWI: gov interested. Yes, it was investigated during WW2by 7 gov agencies What were the 5 ideal demands of society for the communication of news an ideas listed in 1947 by commission? 1. Truthful content 2. Forum for comment 3.Projection of accurate pic 4. Presentation of goals for society 5. Full access of the day?s intelligence Why did the commission find freedom of the press in US to be in danger? Because of monopolistic nature of the press In 1940, how many stations were reported broadcasting? 23 Stations At the end of the war, what did RCA/CBS turn their production force toward? Domestic possibilities In July 1946 how many new license did FCC issue? 24 new licenses What was the nature of TV growth? How many TV?s were in homes around 1958? Very high in growth; 42 million tv?s in homes What happened to the black press between 1933 and 1940? B Press doubled What was Amos and Andy? Show that showed 2 racial stereotypes; removed from airwaves What did National Negro Newspaper Publishers? Association do ? Gave distinguished service awards, organized workshops, offered mailing lists What did John Johnson start? Magazine Ebony Who was famous for her pictures during the depression; showed the oppressive conditions in the camp and attempted to reveal the internment as an injustice? Dorothea Lange Who was known as a landscape photographer; took pictures of smiling faces and scene landscapes? Ansel Adams Kappa and De Galle were what? Photographers
Want to see the other 4 page(s) in 367_Ch14_ReviewQuestions?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!