age (achievement) - right of passage to buy beer, gender, kinship
3 Kind of Kinship
Consanguineal, affinial, fictive
Related by marriage
Clans have _____ kinship
Clans have ____ decent and practice _____
Unilineal decent groups, practice exogamy
Example of fictive kin
Tennessee Cherokees and Samuel Dent
Explain Samuel Dent story
1832: white man Samuel Dent married Cherokee woman from Deer Clan. Woman dies strangely, Deer Clan question this, but Samuel promises to replace her. He goes to Augusta, GA and purchases African slave Molly. Molly later marries white man Tucker and has two children. Whites upset with biracial marriage, threaten to put them back into slavery, but Deer Clan protects them, because they are part of their clan.
affiliation through mother
Universal status of deviance
Defy social norm, could have severe punishments
Who practices couvade?
Indians in Amazon, only in matrilineal cultures
What is couvade?
Man learn woman is in labor, he takes leave to hammock to relax, has "labor" pains, others bring him gifts, man "pushes" out baby of twigs... Wife is with midwife in birthing hut.
Couvade claims for the man _____ status
In patrilineal cultures
Pater and Genitor are the same
Situation context dependent
Ex. Holy man of Lakota, dropping a class and expecting a grade
those in charge for buffalo hunt, there were four, can take anyone's horse if they are moving too slow (Sitting Bull, etc)
those in charge for fights, military marshalls
Context will affect ______
First among equals in Latin
primus inter pares
What does "first among equals" mean?
all people of a band are equal, yet some excel due to skills. there is a leader among the equals.
how authority is patterned out
acephalous, leader in certain context
4 political types
band, tribe, chiefdom, state
Name 6 things about bands
acephalous, egalitarian, equal but differences, small societies, foragers, everyone was at one point at band level
Name 7 things about tribes
more productive, horticulture, not intensive, higher population, sodalities, warfare, intergroup confrontation
When does horticulture arise?
When does warfare arise?
Clans hierarchically ranked, royal clan, potlatches, "big men", redistribution
When are potlatches common?
What are states and name 7 things about them
self-defined networks of communities, huge increase in population, irrigation, fertilization, economic specialization (potter, weaver), taxation, markets, standing military
Want to see the other 40 Flashcards in 4/13: Social and Political Organization?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!