Komesar 1-4 1/29/09 5:14 PM What is Discrimination? Discrimination occurs when subordinate groups are denied access to rewards and resources available to the dominant groups. Intentional Discrimination Involves deliberate harm to others by depriving them of equal rights and privileges. Blatant: Overly hostile acts Subtle: Subtle cues Convert: Without victim?s knowledge Unintentional Discrimination Results from the use of Gender schemes: Tacit assumptions about men and women that unconsciously shape people?s perceptions of others or Statistical Discrimination: Making predictions about individuals based on knowledge of a groups characteristics Institutional Discrimination Results from an organization?s rules and routine operations Gender typing: Mainly female occupations usually have lower status and pay Occupational Sex Segregation (concentration of men and women in different occupations) is the most important cause of the gender pay gap. Within the university Salary differences among academic disciplines Methods used to evaluate faculty Salary differences among types of colleges Timing of tenure decisions Countering Discrimination Two Methods: Changing how workers are allocated to jobs Affirmative action Changing how rewards are allocated to workers Comparable worth policies
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