Research on Personal Investment Theory ? There is some research to support the personal investment theory Attribution Theory ? How a person explains his/her success or failure impacts future motivation ? used more with sports ? Causes of outcomes: ? Stable or unstable ? outcomes that are stable are things that are likely to be present next time ? ex: join a fitness class, felt they succeeded because of the instructor- stable ? ex: group fitness class, don?t normally like the instructor, but substitute present and feel better about the class because of substitute- unstable ? Internal or external ? internal is something within you ? external is something outside of you ? ex: someone who thinks it is genetics makes them not a good runner- internal ? ex: won a game because the weather was good- external ? Controllable or uncontrollable ? often things that are internal are controllable, but not always ? ex: genetics about running- internal, but uncontrollable Attribution Theory (cont.) ? How attribution affect motivation ? motivated people tend to attribute their success to internal, controllable, and stable ? motivated people attribute their failures to internal, controllable, and unstable (it?s not going to happen again) ? when people are proud of themselves (internal), it relates positively to motivation ? when people attribute success to external factors, it relates to positive notions, but may not translate to motivation ? when people attribute failures internally, they tend to feel guilty, disappointed in themselves (didn?t practice hard enough, didn?t try enough) ? when people attribute failures externally, they have feelings of frustration and anger, motivation drops ? Learned helplessness ? attribute failure to stable, internal, and uncontrollable ? people have essentially figured out, through trial and error, that how hard they try, they will not succeed in the outcome 4/17/09 KIN 352 ? happens all the time with people in exercise, so it is important to give choices, because if everyone is put on the same program and a person just can?t do it, they will not have the motivation to try 4/17/09 KIN 352 Hilary Delph notes 4:17
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