PGS 101 ? Szeli Chapter 6: Conditioning & Learning OBJECTIVE 6.1 ? Define learning, response, reinforcement, antecedents, and consequences and explain how these terms are related to classical and operant conditioning. OBJECTIVE 6.2 ? Briefly describe the history of classical conditioning and give examples of how classical conditioning takes place, utilizing the following terms: a. neutral stimulus (NS); b. conditioned stimulus (CS); c. unconditioned stimulus (UCS); d. unconditioned response (UCR); e. conditioned response (CR). OBJECTIVE 6.3 ? Explain how reinforcement occurs during the acquisition of a classically conditioned response; describe higher-order conditioning; and discuss the informational view of classical conditioning. OBJECTIVE 6.4 ? Describe and give examples of the following concepts as they relate to classical conditioning: a. extinction; b. spontaneous recovery; c. stimulus generalization; and d. stimulus discrimination. OBJECTIVE 6.5 ? Describe the relationship between classical conditioning and reflex responses, explain what a conditioned emotional response (CER) is and how it is it is acquired, and discuss the therapy techniques of desensitization and virtual reality exposure and the concept of vicarious classical conditioning. OBJECTIVE 6.6 ? Briefly describe the history of operant conditioning, including Thorndike?s law of effect and the work of B.F. Skinner; contrast the two types of conditioning; and differentiate between the terms reward and reinforcement. OBJECTIVE 6.7 ? Explain operant conditioning in terms of the informational view; define response-contingent reinforcement; and describe the deterimental effect of delaying reinforcement and how response chaining can counteract this effect.
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