Chapter 4: A Brief History of Children?s Illustrated Texts From Early Beginnings to Today Early Beginnings ? Cave Drawings ? Greek Vases ? Bayeux Tapestry ? Illustrated Bibles, Bestiaries ? Aesop?s Fables. 1484. Aesop. Greek Vases (500BC, approx): Bayeux Tapestry (11thc) Bayeux Tapestry (11th century): Aesop?s Fables (late 15th) Children?s Illustrated Texts: 17th Picture Books ? 17th Century ? Comenius, Jon Amos. Orbis Sensualium Pictus. The Visible World. 1658 ? Humanist. Teacher. Bishop. ? Enlightenment Philosophy of Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Voltaire, scientists, writers, educators, who believed in empiricism: that knowledge is derived from experience and that human progress was achievable through reason and science. ? Their revolutionary thinking influenced the French and American revolutions of the late 18thc. The Visible World Children?s Illustrated Texts: 18th Early Comics, Pbooks, Illust. Texts ? 1. W Hogarth?s A Rake?s Progress (1732-8). Sequence of 8 paintings, decline/fall of Rakewell, a rich heir. Early comics. ? 2. John Newbery: ?beautiful and pleasurable books for children? ? Rise of the Middle Classes: leisure, time, money, ? 1744 A Little Pretty Pocket Book ? 3. William Blake. 1789. Songs of Innocence and Experience (Lamb and Tyger) Rake?s Progress Rake?s Progress A Little Pretty Pocket Book William Blake Children?s Illustrated Texts: 19th ? P/Book illustrators, writers, & publishers Kate Greenaway, Randolph Caldecott, Tenniel. ? Greenaway, Crane, Caldecott, Evans (printer) ? Greenaway: idealized images of childhood, spring landscapes, children well fed, delicate lines, soft, muted water colors ? Caldecott: warm, spring/summer scenes of English countryside, lively, physical/anatomical, anthropomorphic ? Awards/Medals: ? Caldecott, illustrated pbook in US ? Greenaway, illustrated pbooks in UK ? Tenniel (illustrator of children?s books such as Alice) ? The Yellow Kid. 1895. Greenaway Caldecott Tenniel The Yellow Kid ? Mid to late 19th century ? UK. 1890. Comic Cuts and Chip. Newspaper comic strips feature one picture jokes ? USA. 1890s. Little Bears and Tigers. San Francisco Examiner ? Richard Outcault?s The Yellow Kid. New York World 1895/6 Early 20th Children?s Illustrated Texts: 1930s- 1960s ? 1930s ? : T Geisel (Seuss). Mulberry Street. 1937 ? Comics: Superman and Batman ? 1940/50s Comics: Peanuts, Dennis the Menace ? Little Dot, Little Lotta, Little Audrey (Clasic Comics 1952-1962) ? Captain America ? 1960s ? M Sendak. Wild Things. 1963/4 (Pbook) ? 1960s Comics: Spiderman, Incredible Hulk, X Men, etc ? 1965 Wee Pals. Integrated Comic (various cultures) 1937/1960 Superman/Batman: 1930s Comics and War: Captain America, 1941 Dennis the Menace (1940s) & Peanuts (1950s) Comics: 1950s-60s,Little Lotta, Little Dot, Little Audrey 1950s/60s, Richie Rich, Comic/Movie Where the Wild Things Are: 1963 Wee Pals, 1965 Child Illustrated Texts:1960s/1970s to 21stc ? New Realism ? Postmodernism ? Multiculturalism New Realism: Health New Realism: Lifestyles New Realism: Drugs Multiculturalism Multiculturalism Postmodern in Picture Books Postmodern in Picture Books Mary Grandpre: Harry Potter Books ? http://content.scholast ic.com/browse/article.j sp?id=5825 Movie Adaptations: The Polar Express Movie Adaptations: Cat in the Hat Movie Adaptations: Where the Wild Things Are Comics: Bone Movie Adaptations: Graphic Novels, Persepolis Ian Andrews Children?s Illustrated Texts: A Brief History
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