His 111 9/19/08 1600s Virginia Slavery Jamestown -1607 Started as a trading post Was a commercial flop No gold 1618 new governor appointed Duncan Sandys Farms Need people 1619- ?headright? (50 acres) Each person who came was given 50 acres of land Now family farms are established People will stay now Governance Form the house of burgesses Burgesses -> people who live in the town Power slipping away from government 1st form of self-government in the western hemisphere Lots of single men Need to bring in women Send an advertisement to Britain Adventurous women come over and marry ?slaves? Beginning of African slavery in the United States Cargo of Africans were dropped off in Jamestown More like indentured slaves We later see these people owning land and serving on Jury duty By end of 1600s more than a quarter population are slaves How did it get to the point of ?slavery? as we know it 1619- not slavery 1691- slavery 1640 Servants/slaves are not allowed to have guns Common to run away 1640- law if a Black servant tries to run away they become slaves for life Now race and perpetuity plays in to slavery Race becomes an issue Wasn?t always servitude 1660s- Conversions to Christianity Freedom They change their minds End thousand year tradition If you convert to Christianity you are still a slave Status -> follows status of mother Easily seen by society Establishes slavery as a hereditary condition 1691 Slave code If a free woman marries a slave she becomes a slave until he dies, then she has her freedom back If husband is sold she is stuck 1620- Pilgrims 1630- Puritan Massachusetts- had winter and was healthy Virginia- many diseases Land = status As soon as indentured servants were free they had same status as previous owner Upset a lot of people 17th century goes from the beginning of slavery to fully developed
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