- University of Wisconsin - Madison
- Communication Arts
- Communication Arts 372
- Lucas, Stephen
- abolitionist movement
Last Modified: 2011-07-05
- marks the start and end of the movement
- William Lloyd Garrison: most famous newspaper in American history (The Liberator)
- came to an end because people in the North, came by the 1860s, to have a different view on slavery – view was different to allow the North to support a war against the South that led to abolitionist
- like independence, came about because of a shift in opinion
- WAR WAS FOUGHT TO SAVE THE UNION – WAS NOT FOUGHT FOR SLAVERY – SLAVERY WAS A REASON FOR IT TO BE FOUGHT
- fought as a war to save the union – slavery was the fundamental cause of the war but abolitionism was not the goal – as war went on, became clear that the end result would be abolitionist movement
- Immediate abolishment of slavery
- people had recognized the contradictions as expressed in Declaration's preamble and the actuality of slavery
- there were people fighting for abolitionism of slavery at the end of 18 th century and beginning of 19 th century
- Equal rights for free blacks
- sought full and equal representation for blacks
- saw it as morally contradicting the declaration of independence
- if you asked them if it was morally wrong, they would say yes, but that did not mean they were interested in abolishing slavery in the south
- distinguished north from the south → gave abolitionists a building block (in the south, abolitionism; north conducive to development of abolitionism)
- northerners feared the great slave power
- whites concerned about possible impact of free labor from the spread of slave labor
- whites feared that they could eventually be challenged by the institution of slavery
- slavery did not weaken in south- grew and strengthen (because of inventions...
- in 1820, slavery did not become weaker but became stronger
- by 1830, more than 2 million slaves in south and by 1860, 4 million in south
- cotton industry and value of slaves grew → values of slaves increased 4 times...
- slave codes that strictly enforced institution of slavery
- slavery not a benevolent institution – still myths that it was benevolent →...
- 2/3 of exports in US
- profit in south and north → resistance from economic institutions in both areas over loss of profit
- slaves considered property not human beings
- restricted in activities – could not read or right (because fear of slave owners that they would learn dangerous ideas )
- penalties to people white and black if they went against these codes
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