end of cold war, more effort in peacekeeping, end of colonialism. Pressure from donor states, regional NGOs. Decline in authoritarian regimes, more inoculation leads to less death by disease,
-Neopatrimonialism: the state is treated as personal property. -clientelism: exacerbates local/ethnic tensions. Rwanda example. -Countries that are not democratic and discover oil/diamonds get there funds from resources, not from taxing the public. So they aren?t legitimized by the public- the public has no power in government.
: increases exchange rate because of just one resource, making other sectors suffer even more
how do corrupt, inefficient rulers stay in power?
bribes, repression, charisma, non-state members don?t have capitol to rebel, attachment to territorial unity, nationhood, weak society, -propoganda: africanization campaign, changing the name to zaire.
the conflict trap
one war makes you more likely to have another.
the different powers of colonialism in africa
British: indirect rule. The British did a better job leaving infrastructure because they saw independence as inevitable. Decentralization. French: assimilation, evulues. The elite inherited power after independence. Close ties with France remained in these countries. - Belgium: left colonies ill equipped, exploited resources.
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