The Universal Soul, or Absolute Reality, that Hindus believe fills all space and time
"Completion of Vedas" A school of Classical Indian thought that offered Hindus mystical experience and a belief in the underlying unity of all reality.
An Indian religion that believes that life in all forms must be protected because everything, including animals, plants, sticks, and stones, has a separate soul and is alive; arose in 500 BCE as an alternative to Hinduism.
A major world religion based on the teachings of the Buddha that emphasizes putting an end to desire and being compassionate to all creatures.
"The blowing out" A kind of everlasting peace or end of suffering achieved through perfection of wisdom and compassion.
The pursuit of a religious life of penance, prayer, and meditation, wither alone or in a community of other seekers.
India's first centralized empire centered in the Ganges Valley.
King of the Mauryans; a major political and religious figure in world history.
An Indo-European people from Central Asia who conquered much of northwest India and western parts of the Ganges Basin and constricted an empire (50-250 CE) that also encompassed Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia.
A Persian- speaking society, mostly Zoroastrians or Buddhists, that dominated the commerce of many cities and linked it to Inida.
"Teachings of the Elders" One of the two main branches of Buddhism, the other being Mahayana, that arose just before the Common Era. Theravada remained closer to the Buddha's original vision.
People produced over centuries by the intermarrying of local people and migrants from India.
"The greater vehicle to salvation" One of the two main branches of Buddhism; a more popularized of Buddhist belief and practices than Theravada. Mahayana Buddhism tended to make Buddha into a god and also developed the notion of the bodhisattva.
The process by which Indian ideas spread into and influenced many Southeast Asian societies; a mixing of Indian with indigenous ideas.
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