compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen (includes alkanes, alkenes, alkynes)
carbon is tetravalent meaning:
it has 4 electrons available to form 4 bonds
compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formula
what causes the number of possible structural isomers to increase?
As the # of carbons increases
(butane, 4 carbons, single bonds)
branched butane (4 carbons, single bonds)
(3 carbons, single bonds)
methane (1 carbon, single bonds)
heptane (7 carbons, single bonds)
name for alkanes arranged in a ring formation
1-4 carbons: what physical state?
5-17 carbons, physical state?
>18 carbons , physical state?
properties of halogenated carbons
good solvents, not very reactive/flammable;
many toxic or pollutants
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