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What was the year when women in all states could vote?
What was the cost of a 30-second commercial that would be aired for New York’s 3rd district (Lower Manhattan) in 2012?
What was the cost of 1,000 yard signs in the North Dakota at-large House district in 2012?
What was the percentage of the voting-age population who turned out in the 2010 congressional election?
“In your system, you guys campaign for 24 hours a day, every day for two years. Which country was this politician from?
The United States was the ___ nation to choose its chief executive by popular election—even if the Founders circumvented it b
American judges were ___ to be elected by voters.
Today, how many states elect judges?
Candidates for national office (the presidency and Congress) spent more than ___ on their campaigns in 2012.
The 2010 congressional elections set a record for midterm spending:
The biggest-spending groups of corporate donors are FIRE companies. What does the abbreviation “FIRE” stand for?
Finance, insurance, and real estate
The US system sets strict limits on individual donations: no one may contribute more than ___ to an individual candidate.
NOT a super PAC that contributed much of the $500 million during the 2012 presidential campaign to both Romney and Obama?
Make us great again, winning our future, and red, white, & blue
Morris “Mo” Udall said “You have to be a little crazy to run for president.” Which presidential election did he vie for?
Before Jimmy Carter won in 1976, no ___ had won the presidency since Franklin Roosevelt in 1932.
The last president to come directly from the House of Representatives was Andrew Jackson, in what year?
___ is the date on the primary calendar when the most states hold primaries and caucuses on the same day
___ refers to attracting supporters or votes one by one, through door-to-door visits or small meetings.
Which states have the first two presidential caucuses and primary contests every four years?
Iowa and New Hampshire
___ refers to the spike in the polls that follows an event.
Which event normally has the effect of creating an increase in the poll numbers for a presidential candidate?
___ refers to a system under which the winning candidate receives all the delegates for that state.
A system of ___ allocates delegates based on the proportion of the vote a candidate wins.
Traditionally, which party has adhered to the winner-take-all system?
In 2012, most ___ primaries shifted to proportional representation.
New Hampshire Republican primary, which of the following candidates received 39 percent of the votes, thus winning that state
The first televised presidential debate held in 1960 featured Republican ___ and Democratic nominee ___.
Richard Nixon senator john f. Kennedy
Democratic presidential candidate in 1992 featured a whiteboard displaying a reminder to campaign staffers The Economy Stupid
Bill Clinton became the first Democrat to win the White House since Jimmy Carter’s election in 1976. How many years between?
Which Republican presidential candidate emphasized the sputtering US economy in his/her 2012 campaign in the general election
1988 Michael Dukakis climbed into an M1 Abrams tank for a photo opportunity. Why did this campaign for toughness backfire?
It was funny so people thought he wasn’t capable of running a country.
In 2012, Republicans extensively criticized the health reform legislation that passed in 2010, known as
___ refers to running for office by attacking the opponent. An unpopular tactic that is, nevertheless, very effective.
Since 1976, ___ have won the office of president most often.
___ refers to the tendency for members of Congress to win reelection in overwhelming numbers.
Running for Congress is not only a rich person’s club. Which of the following famous or wealthy people ran but did win?
Linda McMahon, Meg Whitman, and jerry springer.
What are midterm elections?
National elections held between presidential elections that involve the house and senate.
In 1995, the Supreme Court ruled that ___ could not be the predominant factor in creating congressional districts.
Which factor contributes to winning a congressional election?
Economic outlook, demographics, war, foreign policy, domestic issues, and campaign organization.
Typically how much money is needed to mount a legitimate challenge in a House district?
1 million dollars
How much money would a candidate need to run for Senate?
7 million dollars
Where does the money go in a campaign?
Planning parties, travel, and speeches
___ refers to a long list of potential donors that candidates must phone.
___ refers to a seat in Congress without an incumbent running for reelection.
___ refers to an automated phone call used to contact thousands of voters simultaneously
___ refers to campaign staffers who arrive at major event sites
___ is all the ways people get information about politics and the wider world.
What percentage of eighteen- to twenty-nine-year-olds use the Internet as their major news source?
What remains the top source of news for most Americans?
In the 1830s, ______ became the first mass media.
What is the textbook’s definition of mass media?
Information and entertainment for broad popular audiences including newspaper, radio, and television.
In the 1830s, what was the most widely read newspaper in the world?
New York herald
Which war was known as the first media war?
How many newspapers did most major towns and cities have by the mid-twentieth century?
Between 2000 and 2010, American newspapers slashed what percentage of their staffs?
During the 1930s, who delivered a weekly radio address known as the “Fireside Chat”?
What is the main demographic for talk radio?
Middle-aged, white, male, and conservative
What percentage of the American public calls radio its main news source?
Which president gave the first live press conference in February 1961?
John f. Kennedy
Which two networks monopolized the television news business during the 1960s and 1970s?
CBS and NBC
In what year did Rupert Murdoch launch Fox News?
The corporate setting helps blur the line between news, politics, and entertainment, a phenomenon now described as
What news source are people LEAST likely to utilize to obtain campaign coverage?
How long has it been since three networks and the local newspaper, basically, provided all of the news?
Which of the following is NOT considered “new media”?
“Clicktivism” suggests that the Internet
Democracy enhanced through the click of a mouse
One of the ways the Internet could enhance democracy is by
Make it fast, easy for candidates to communicate, and easy to access
Who refined the technique of using the Internet to reach out to potential supporters and created a political movement in 2008
What was the top-visited news website in 2010?
One of the reasons the Internet may hamper quality democracy is that it
It might not enhance democracy
“New media” sources
Internet and social media
Which of the following is NOT one of the most obvious forms of media bias, as reported in the textbook?
Reporters are democrats
Which group is most likely to claim the media is biased?
The fact that more reporters claim to be liberal or moderate than conservative
The profit motive causes news outlets
To become bias
More conservative communities usually get
What classic “rule of thumb” guides local TV news?
If it bleeds, it leads
At the beginning of an election campaign, the media tends to focus on
Candidate’s message and every candidate
At the end of an election campaign, the media tends to focus on
Usually focus on the candidate that is wining
After a year of news reporting, what percentage of Americans could identify President Bill Clinton’s alleged lover?
What government agency was created in the FDR administration to referee the airwaves?
Federal Communication Administration
What did the Fairness Doctrine attempt to accomplish?
To show each side of politics evenly
What did the Telecommunications Act of 1996 accomplish?
Opened the door to far more competition by permitting companies to compete in multiple media markets
To what extent has the US Supreme Court upheld the First Amendment protection of a free press?
Has been strict about forbidding government interference with the press
People generally consume media that reinforces their existing beliefs, it takes powerful messages. What is that called?
One of the most direct ways the media affects politics is via its __________ role.
crucial in framing issues
Which of the following is the most subtle manner in which the media affects politics?
__define the nature of the problem organize potential solutions wipe out alternative potential solutions and wipe out altern
If people’s have already made up their minds, what effect do news stories usually have on the way people think about politics
Reinforce their beliefs
In media jargon, what is a small clip from a candidate speech referred to as?
Sometimes politicians try to manipulate media sound bites by providing
What is meant by a “horse race” narrative, as it relates to media coverage of elections?
Paying attention only to which candidate is rising or falling in the polls
Which of the following is NOT an emphasis of media attention in election campaign coverage?
good things a candidate does
Election campaigns often attempt to _____________ the media and go directly to the __________.
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