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A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official’s cabinet.
In a democracy, the majority of the people will be right more often that they will be wrong, and will be right more often than will any one person of small group.
An adjustment of opposing principles of systems by modifying some aspect of each.
An economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital good; investments that are determined by private decision rather than by state control, and determined in a free market.
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away.
is where the government may only do what the people have directed it to do.
a city’s basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
representatives; members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of their constituents.
is the people are the legitimate and final source of Government Authority.
political power resides in the people.
people are the only source of the government.
an agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State.
agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which states would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State’s population.
an agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State, and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade.
those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution.
Basic principle of American system of government that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government.
one who enforces strict obedience and one authority
a form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet.
can only work in small communities and does not exist at the national level anywhere in the world today.
an agreement of one or two groups to join together to become a state.
all men created equal; Emancipation Proclamation; freed slaves.
those powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not deny to the States.
a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.
a group of people joined together on the basis of common principles, who seek to control government public policy.
government action based on firm allegiance to a political powers
Congress and the State legislatures are often organized on party lines and conduct much of their business.
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office.
in an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate.
the greatest number of votes cast for a single office.
the two major parties acting together and cooperating when making decisions.
general agreement among various groups of fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions.
: a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government.
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election.
a narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, the interests of one section of a country.
parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters.
parties rooted in poor economic times, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times.
parties rooted in poor economic time , lacking a clear ideological base, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times
a special tax, demanded by States, as a condition of voting.
the process of reviewing lists of registered voters and removing the names of those no longer eligible to vote; a purification.
list of all registered voters in each precinct.
a person’s ability to read or write.
the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 declared that no new election laws could be enacted in any State without preclearance from the Department of Justice.
congressional election that occurs between presidential election years.
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions.
measurable differences between the partisan choices of men and women today.
loyalty of people to a political party.
Is the term regularly used to describe those people who have no specific major party affiliation.
activities by which group pressures are brought to bear legislators, the legislative process, and all aspects of the public-policy-making process.
a person who tries to persuade public officials to do those things that interest groups want them to do.
pressures on public officials from members of an interest group or the people at large.
interest group within the business community.
one who does manual or industrial work- miner, mechanic.
retirement or other benefit payment.
made up of several groups with different ethnic, religious, or political backgrounds.
select, privileged group in society.
to give or distribute.
import duty, imposed to give advantage to domestic industries.
fall or drop.
anything bought or sold.
one who is represented by a legislator.
Before 1970, interest groups devoted most of their efforts to three categories: business, labor and agriculture.
Which statement best describes interest group activity since 1970?
President Bush's Approval Ratings, 2002
Even though approval ratings for President Bush were low in many areas, why might you infer he was reelected in 2004?
Percentage of Eligible Voters Who Cast a Ballot in the 2000 Presidential Election
18-24 year old – 29%
All voters- 55%
What can be concluded from the information given above?
Answer question #6 from the Chart
Freedom of Assembly
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Religion
Which of these BEST completes the Chart?
Answer question #9 from the Chart
· paying taxes
All of the following are considered
“We may define a republic to be. . . a government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure, for a limited period, or during good behavior. It is ESSENTIAL to such a government that it be derived from the great body of society, not from an inconsiderable proportion or a favored class of it; otherwise a handful of tyrannical nobles, exercising their oppressions by a delegation of their powers, might aspire to the rank of republicans, and claim for their government the honorable title of republic.” –James Madison, Federalist No. 39
According to the quotation, James Madison believed that republics should \
“Let our Government be like that of the solar system--let the General Government be the Sun and States the Planets, repelled yet attracted, and the whole moving harmoniously in their several orbits”-John Dickinson, Delaware delegate, 1787
Based on this quotation, John Dickinson most likely would have agreed that
Which best describes these characteristics? (PS 2a)
- Freedom of speech - Two-term limit for the presidency
- Right to a speedy trial - Voting age eligibility set to eighteen
“No freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned…or in any way harmed…save by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land…To none will we sell, to none deny or delay, right or justice” – Magna Carta, 1215
This quote best reflects what constitutional guarantee.
“The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension [disagreement], which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities is itself a frightful despotism [tyranny]. –George Washington, 1796
Based on the quotation, Washington believed that
all of the money borrowed by the government and not yet repaid, plus the accrued interest on that money; also called the national debt or federal debt.
to bring formal charges against a public official; the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach civil officers of the United States.
an order for a person to appear and to produce documents or other requested materials.
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the Vice President of the United States
the floor leader of the party that holds the majority of seats in each house of Congress.
assistants to the floor leaders in the House and Senate, responsible for monitoring and marshaling votes.
division of exiting committee that is formed to address specific issues
a measure relating to the business of either house or expressing an opinion; doesn’t require the President’s signature
a procedure enabling members to force a bill that has been pigeon holed in committee onto the floor for consideration
various tactics aimed at defeating a bill in a legislative body by preventing a final vote associated with the U.S. Senate
type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned; when the chief executive does not sign or reject a bill within the time allowed to do so
expression describing how most bills introduced in each session of Congress are buried, put away, or never acted upon
the number is set by Congress
everyone gets at least 1...
no matter the population
Congress has required that elections be held on the Tuesday following the first. Monday in November of each even-numbered year.
be at least 25 years of age.
have been citizen of the United States for at least seven years.
be an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is elected.
How long is a Senator’s term?
be at least 30 years of age
been a citizen of the United States for at least nine years.
What was the McCulloch vs. Maryland Supreme Court decision?
House of Representatives…
House has power to accuse and bring charges.
Lay and collect various taxes.
to borrow money to help finance the government.
to regulate trade (commerce) both foreign and interstate.
to determine how aliens may become citizens of the United States.
to coin money (regulate value) and fix standard of Weights and Measures.
to make it a federal crime to falsify coins, paper money, bonds, stamps and like of the United States.
to provide and regulate the transportation and delivery of mail.
to provide for copyrights and patents.
to create lower federal courts.
to define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas.
to raise and support Armies.
to provide and maintain a Navy.
to make Uniform Code of Military Justice.
to provide for calling of Militia.
to provide of the organizing, arming, and discipline of militia.
cannot outlaw slave trade (changed later)
Bill of attainder is a legislative act that inflicts punishment without a judicial trial.
no Capitalization or head tax (federal taxes)
no tax or duty shall be laid on exports from any State.
All ports within the US must be treated alike.
federal money can be spent only in those amounts and for expressed purposes
Why did the framers include the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution?
private bills (like Oklahoma license plates; Cherokee, etc.)
the length of a senator’s terms
the size of each senator’s constituency.
ceremonial head of government
main architect of foreign policy
head of the military
leads party that controls the Executive Branch
representative of all the people
champions public over private interests
represents the Nation
main author of public policy
natural born citizen
at least 35 years old
unify the party behind the candidate
select the party’s delegates (also the electors from the state)
to adapt a party platform
the candidate who loses the popular vote may still be elected president (has happened 4 times).
an elector may vote for someone other than the voter selected candidate.
popular vote always wins
direct popular election would be simple
veto; attached a memo
passed it through/signed it
The ____ appointed cabinet members with ____ approval?
President than Congress
the creation of political parties
the election of 1800; created political parties
the way the president interprets the Constitution or laws
at least 35
a period of more than 40 years during which relations between the two superpowers were at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters other candidates on the party’s ticket.
state or nation acting outside accepted international norms and policies.
to put down
established the 3-part “Lemon” test used to determine if a statute, law or action violates the Establishment clause of the 1st amendment.
is the Judiciary Act of 1789 authorizing the Supreme Court to issue writs of mandamus constitutional? Does Marbury get his job?
why is this arguably the most important Supreme Court case ever?
what’s the historical significance of the Court’s decision in this case? The answer to this has two parts…(5-0)
does Congress have the power to create a bank?
can the state of Maryland tax such a bank?
(yes to the first, no to the second)
Are confessions obtained during a suspect’s interrogation as part of an investigation admissible as evidence if the suspect has or been notified of his/her right to remain silent (5th amendment) or right to have counsel present (6th amendment)?
Should school officials have to meet the same standards of reasonableness for conducting searches as law enforcement officials do when dealing with the public?
Did the Louisiana law allowing for “separate but equal” rail cars for whites and blacks violate the 13th and 14th amendments?
The court ruled no to both questions in a 7-1 vote.
This case upheld the “separate but equal” standard that proliferated in the South and other places across the country under “Jim Crow” laws after the Civil War.
Are quota systems in college admissions unlawful?
Another redistricting case originating in Birmingham, Alabama when residents of Jefferson County challenged the apportionment of the Alabama state legislature.
The court ruled (8-1) that apportionment must be based primarily on population.
This case is NOT just about abortion: Does the 14th amendment use of the word “person” include the unborn? Does the right of privacy found in the Constitution include a woman’s right to an abortion?
In a 7-2 decision, the court found that the term “person” applies only after birth: “We need not decide the difficult question of when life begins…”
Do student-led, student-initiated, invocations broadcast at public school football games violate the establishment clause of the 1st amendment as applied to the states by the 14th amendment?
In a 6-3 decision, the court ruled that they are a violation of the establishment clause.
Was Johnson’s action of burning the flag during a protest at the 1984 Republican National Convention a form of constitutionally protected freedom of speech/expression?
What is symbolic speech? What kinds of speech or actions did the Framers intend to protect when they wrote the 1st amendment?
Was Johnson prosecuted nor for his point of view, but “because of the method he chose to express his dissatisfaction”?
Does the 1st amendment protect the rights of public school students to wear black armbands to school in protest of the Vietnam War?
Can a federal court force a president to turn over materials (papers, tapes, etc.) that a president has claimed are covered by executive privilege?
Another case that originated out of Alabama- a Mobile man sued on behalf of his children, making the case that a state statute that permitted one minute of “silence or voluntary prayer” amounted to regular religious services.
The court ruled 6-3 that in this case “we are faced with a state measure which forces an individual, as part of his daily life…” The 1st amendment protects the “right to select any religious faith or none at all.”
Can states require students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance or salute the flag? What if students’ religious beliefs consider this to be worshipping a graven image?
Do such laws prohibit the students’ free exercise of religion?
This case involves Amish families who wish to end their children’s schooling at the eighth grade. They felt further education teaches values they viewed as at odds with the traditional Amish lifestyle.
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