Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
"What is good for England is good for the colony" Navigation acts in 1650s and 60s required all English colonies to ship goods through English ports with English ships
French and Indian War
War between Britan and France (1754-1762) where colonist allied with Indians, but ended with British domination of North America. this conflict would eventually lead to the American revolution.
proclamation line if 1763
after a coordinated rebellion of tribes in 1763 Britan created a boundary between Indians and Americans
proclamation line of 1763 rules
-colonists couldn't settle west of application Mts.
- assured Indian territories would be protected but limited trade
- western land was "Indian hunting ground"
- indians were referred to as "tribes of Indians with whom we are not connected"
June/July 1754, 6 tribes and 24 delegates from 7 colonies met at a conference to discuss conflicts between Ohio country and try to prevent war. alliance with mohawk tribe was reaffirmed but the other tribes left without pledging help to britan
1765 British law imposed a tax on all paper used for official documents, to raise tax revenue. widespread resistance to this tax led to it's repeal in 1766
duties established by revenue act of 1767, on tea, glass, lead, paper and painters colors imported to colonists led to boycotts (double check this)
March 1770 incident in Boston in which British soldiers fired on American crowd
Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
Acts ment to punish Massachusetts for the destruction of 3 shiploads of tea.
all 4 coercive acts
1) Boston port act closed Boston harbor to all shipping June 1, 74 until tea was paid
2) Massachusetts gov act- gov could appoint Massachusetts officials
3) impartial admin. of Justice act. any royal official would be tried in Britan
more coercive acts
4) quarting act- military commanders could lodge in private households.
5) Quebec act - gave control of disputed land throughout Ohio to Quebec
1st contenental congress
September 1774 gathering of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to discuss coercive acts. congress produced a declaration of rights and agreement to impose boycott of trade with Britan
Lexington and Concord
Winter 1774-5 Thomas gage requested 20 thousand reinforments and strongly advised the repeal of the coercive acts. Britan ordered gage to arrest the boycotters in April 1775. Paul warned ppl, soldiers came 8 am died 10 wounded. April 19, 1775 war beg
pamphlet written by Thomas pane in 1776 that laid out the case for independence. he rejected monarchy, advocated Republican gov. pamphlet influenced public opinion throughout colonies.
Declaration of Independence
document containing philosophical principles and grievances that declared separation from Britan. 2nd contenental congress adopted declaration July 4, 1776 ending a period of intense debate with moderates still hoping to reconcile with Britan
Colonists who remained loyal to Britan during the revolutionary war. 1/5 of the population in 1776. colonists remained loyal for many reasons in every region
daughters of liberty
boycott in 1768 - 1770 women spun their own clothing in order to boycott the tax of imported British goods
Articles of confederation
written document defining the structure of the government from 1781-1788. under article union was a confederation of equal states. with no president, and limited power, existing mainly to Foster a common defense.
social philosophy that embraced representative intuitions (opposed to monarchy) Civic values above private interestes and virtous community in which individuals work to promote the public good
families, immigrants that mirrored the heiarchy among all God's creatures. everyone obeys God, kids obey parents, wives husband's, so on
Plan drafted by James Madison and presented at the opening of the Philadelphia constitution convention. proposed powerful 3 branch gov. representation in both houses of the congress tied to population
New Jersey Plan
Alternative plan drafted by delegates from small states, retaining the confederations single - house congress with 1 vote per state. like the vir plan proposed enhanced congressional powers, like the right to tax, regulate trade
clause in the Constitution stating that'll free people plus 3/5 of the enslaved people would decide the numerical base for both representation and taxation. clause acknowledged slavery in the US
originally term for supporters of ratification of US Constitution in 1787 - 1788. 1 of 2 dominant political groups in 1790 supported Brian's foreign policy, commercial interests at home, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams
opponents of ratification of the Constitution. feared a powerful central government would not care about the needs of the citizens. thought bill of rights failed to garuntee individual liberties
Bill of Rights
1st 10 amendments of Constitution officially ratified in 1791. 1-8 deal with individuals rights 9&10 deal with boundary between federal and state authority
Hamilton's Report on Public Credit
report Jan 1790 recommending national debt be funded but not repaid immediately - in full value. goal was to make country credit-worthy not debt free. critics thought this report favored speculators.
1791-1804 conflict including diverse Hatian participants and armies from 3 European countries. ended with Haiti being a free, independent, black-run country. revolution fueled fears of slave uprising in US
promised to be responsive to will of majority
Alien and Sedation Acts
1798 laws passed to suppress political dissent. the sedition act criminalized conspiracy, the two alien acts extended the waiting period for citizenship and empowerment of pres. to deport or imprison without trial any foreigners deemed dangerous
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
1798 resolutions condemning the alien and sedition Acts submitted to the federal government by virtue. and Kent. legislature , solution tested idea that legislature could judge federal laws and nullify them
Election of 1800
1st election to be decided by house of Representatives. Jefferson and Burr had equal number of votes (12 amendment now states there are distinct ballots for two offices) house much choose - Jefferson won.
president during 1800 abandoned Washington's practice - holding small dinner parties instead supported Constitution in 1788 reproduced army by 1/3 cut down baby ships
Feme Convert (Coverature)
legal doctrine grounded in Britan common law. held a wife's Civic life was subsumed by her husband's. married women lacked independence to own property, make contracts, or keep wages earned. doctrine shaped women's status in early republic
1803 purchase of French territory west of the Mississippi River that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada. doubled the size of the US and opened way for American an expansion west
Shawnee chief during revolution - lost his father and 2 brothers in war. went through 8 treaties which gave much of Ohio to America. 1795-1805 solidified a Confederacy.
in 1809 Harrison assembled leaders of tribes while Tecumseh was away and falsely promised this land would be the last taken by US. when Tecumseh returned he was curious and attacked Prophets town with 1000 men. Americans won the battle of Tippecaoe
finished in 1825 covering 350 miles between Albany and Buffalo and linking the port of NYC with the entire Great Lake region. the canal turned New York into the country's premier commercial city.
Corrupt Bargain/ Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams ( and wife Louis Catherine) ran against Calhoun and Clay for presidency. Andrew Jackson ran late but his war hero status made him popular. Calhoun dropped from the race to run for VP. first election to have pop vote for president.
Jackson lacked majority so congress stepped in. Adams won by 1 vote and offered Clay a position as secretary of state. Jackson felt the election had been stolen from him
revolution in 1815 fueled by traditional sources, water, wood, beasts of burden and human muscle. revolution was brought on by changes in transportation which facilitated movement of commodities info. & ppl. gave new jobs, helped change Amer. behavio
1836 Lowell Mills employed more than 5000 young girls who lived in company owned housing. earned 2-$3 for a 70hr work week. when mill owners decided to lower wages and speed up production girls protested. owners were surprised but replaced w/ immigra
evolved in 1834. strong in South and West, embraced Andrew Jacksons vision of limited gov. expanded political participation for white men, and the promotion of an ethic of indivualism.
congress funded missionary associations what to "civilize" or convert Indians to Christians.
Indian Removal Act of 1830
mandatory relocation of eastern tribes to territory west of the Mississippi. Jackson insisted his goal was to save Indians. Indians resisted but most were forced to comply. 100 million acres of eastern land was vacated for white settlers.
Trail of Tears
forced journey Westward of Cherokees from their land in Georgia to Oklahoma in 1838. despite favorable legal action Cherokees marched 1200 miles overseen by federal troops. a quarter of Cherokees died in route
Nullification Crisis of 1832
theory that states could nullify acts of congress that exceeded congressional powers. S. Carolina advanced nullification in 1828 in response to unfavorable tariff. a show of force by Jackson combined with tariff revisions ended the issue
Seven year war
Battle of Lexington and Concord
Second Continental Congress
US Constitution is ratified
French revolution begins
Thomas Jefferson is elected president
Marbury v. Madison
Indian Removal Act
Massacre of Sauk and Fox Indians
Jackson votes charter renewal of bank of the us
Cherokee trial of tears
look it up
How did the seven years war change the relationship between colonists and British authorities?
Appointed 2 superintendent of Indian affairs, one for norther one for southern colonies, each had exclusive power to negotiate trieties, trade and sales with all tribes. strengthened the realationship
What grievances led colonists by 1775 to openly rebel against Britan?
Coercive or Intolerable Acts
How did the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution handle the issue of slavery?
they ignored it
What were the key problems with the articles of confederation, and how did the US Constitution attempt to resolve them?
problem- 2-7 delegates could represent each state. normal decisions required majority while war required 9 votes. gov. had no power over taxation
Solution- Article 8 congress requested money from each state legislature
Although the United Stated denied women equality in the public sphere, some women exerted considerable influence. how?
daughters of liberty led boycotts of imported goods, by spinning clothes and making goods
How did the market Revolution and transportation of early 19th century affect American economy and society?
changes in transportation facilitated movement of commodities, info, while Mills creates new jobs. the revolution fueled by natural resources changed American attitudes, behavior and expectations.
how did federal policies regarding Native Americans change over time?
at first we said they could "civilize" and become a part of the culture but then took the land and forced them to go west after the Indian removal act.
What changes in American political culture occured in the period from the 1820s to 1840s?
Lowell Mills started booming providing housing and work for many young women.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!