Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
Whichof the following did NOT occur during the Wilson administration?
passageof the Pure Food and Drug and Meat-Packing Acts
TheBallinger-Pinchot controversy concerned
whethergovernment lands should be protected under federal regulation
Whatis an accurate description of the two competing brands of politicalprogressivism in the 1912 presidential campaign (Theodore Roosevelt's "NewNationalism" and Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom")?
TheNew Nationalism accepted concentrations of capital, labor, and government, butthe New Freedom stressed competitiveness among small business and reducedgovernment power.
Thechapter introduction tells the story of the Panama Canal to make the point that
progressiveswere increasingly willing to flex American muscle to shape the world order.
Thetext throughout the chapter links progressivism and American diplomacy. Whichstatement would best summarize this analysis?
Progressivemoralism and desire for order were applied both to the international situationand to the wartime home front.
Thedepression of 1893 had an impact on America's international posture in that
itencouraged American manufacturing and agricultural interest in markets abroad.
Rooseveltjustified his "corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine with the reasoningthat
theinstability of Latin American nations made them vulnerable to intervention byEuropean powers
Taft's"dollar diplomacy" was intended to accomplish all of the followingEXCEPT
promoteAmerican corporate interests overseas through regular use of armed force.
Duringthe Wilson administration, a revolutionary situation led to U.S. invasions of whatcountry?
Wilson'scommitment to neutrality in World War I stemmed from his profound convictionthat
aneutral America could lead the warring nations to "a peace without victory
All ofthe following inclined the U.S. toward entering on the side of the Allies inWWI EXCEPT that
althougha pacifist at heart, Wilson campaigned for re-election in 1916 on a hawkishplatform—and won decisively.
Whatcircumstance led to an American posture in which true neutrality was dead?
theBritish blockade, which cut off U.S. trade with Germany while supplies stillflowed to the Allies
As thewar lingered and the presidential election of 1916 loomed, Wilson endorsed________, yet then ran a campaign stressing ________.
enhancedmilitary preparedness; that he kept the U.S. out of war
Theinflammatory Zimmerman telegram proposed that in the event of war between theU.S. and Germany,
Mexicowould attack the U.S.
Amongthe "home front" impacts of World War I were all of the followingEXCEPT
aspirit of unity that reduced racial and ethnic tensions.
Whenthe draft began as a means to ensure adequate troops for the war, Americanpublic opinion
rangedwidely from opposition to support.
Howdid the United States pay for the costs of its involvement in World War I?
thesale of bonds and savings certificates to U.S. citizens
Allwere true of the war's impact on the federal government EXCEPT that
theSupreme Court struck down acts of Congress that curtailed American civilliberties.
Amongthe key provisions of Wilson's "Fourteen Points" were all thefollowing EXCEPT
Whatwas the fate of Wilson's fundamental premise of national self-determination, asimplemented in the Treaty of Versailles?
Itwas applied in part, especially in eastern Europe and the former Germancolonies
Whichof the following is accurate about attitudes in the Senate toward the Treaty ofVersailles?
Mostsupported it in some form.
Theattitudes and public behavior in America immediately after the end of the warhave been given the label
Theraids launched by Palmer were
aseries of illegal arrests of alleged radical subversives under the direction ofthe U.S. attorney general.
One ofthe most important economic transformations in the years after World War I was
theshift in production from heavy industry to consumer goods and services.
Whatmight be called a "second or post-Industrial Revolution," the"roaring economy" of the 1920s involved all the following EXCEPT
arevolution in labor relations, marked by new growth in the size and influenceof labor unions.
Theautomobile was to the 1920s what the railroad had been to the nineteenthcentury, in that
itwas both a powerful catalyst to economic growth and a symbol for the age
Forlabor unions, the 1920s was a decade of
AviatorCharles "Lucky Lindy" Lindbergh thrilled the world with his solo,non-stop flight from Long Island, NY to
Whichof the following influenced the sense of meaninglessness and alienation thatwas characteristic of writers and intellectuals in the 1920s?
Theoutpouring of literature and art by the "New Negro" of the 1920sbecame known as the
Examplesof the "defenders of the faith" of traditional America against modernurban culture in the 1920s include all EXCEPT
hostilityto radicalism, which gave the label "Red Scare Decade" to the 1920s.
In theearly part of the twentieth century, immigration from Mexico jumped for all ofthe following reasons EXCEPT
recruitingby the AFL in a campaign to increase its membership.
Whatpiece of federal legislation in the 1920s was a significant shift from ahistoric American practice?
Whichstatement about the National Origins Act of 1924 is NOT true?
Itcompletely cut off foreign immigration.
Themost celebrated public event of the fundamentalist-modernist conflict was________, which resulted in ________.
theScopes trial; a guilty verdict and a $100 fine
Which ofthe following was NOT a Republican president during the 1920s?
Whatwas an element of U.S. economic diplomacy in the 1920s?
reducingGerman reparation payments to the victorious Allies in return for helpingstabilize the German economy
Theweakest area of the American economy through the 1920s was
Thebeginnings of political realignment were already in evidence in the returns ofthe election of 1928, after which the Republicans
Whattwo industries began suffering in 1928 as demand sagged, which should havecalled attention to defects in the American economy prior to the GreatDepression?
Theworld created at the Columbian Exposition was indeed illusory; in fact, eventsin America at that time revealed which of the following to be true?
Thepolitical system in America was ill-equipped to cope with the economic andsocial revolutions that were reshaping the country.
Thepattern of late nineteenth-century politics included all of the followingfeatures EXCEPT
largeswings with large margins of victory in the national contests between the twoparties
The________ was created in response to the Supreme Court's ruling in Munnv. Illinois and set an important precedent in establishing a right forgovernment to regulate private corporations.
Whichof the following statements about political progressivism at the local andstate levels is most true?
Urbanreforms strengthened middle-class control and improved efficiency.
Allthe following were progressive efforts to provide moral controls on societyEXCEPT
TheNineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote was embraced by manyprogressives because
thehigher moral character of women would help clean up politics.
Theend of the war, the success of Bolshevism in Russia, and the sense of culturalcrisis led to all of the following EXCEPT
Thechapter introduction tells the story of Sister Aimee and the imaginary Smithsto make the point that
transformationsof the New Era mixed ambivalently with traditional beliefs and practices.
HenryFord's great contribution to modern industrial culture was
hiscommitment to standardization and assembly-line mass production.
Theexpansion and consolidation of industry between 1920 and 1930 meant that
bureaucraticmanagement became divorced from stockholder ownership.
Whichone of the following was NOT a feature of the modern corporation in the 1920s?
Corporatepower existed in the hands of stockholders rather than in company management.
Whatevent signaled the start of the Great Depression, the greatest depression in thehistory of the modern world?
According to your text, what two issues lay at the heart ofReconstruction?
the future of political and economic power forAfrican Americans, and the future of North-South economic and politicalrelations
The chapter tells the story of Benjamin Montgomery to makethe point that
for former slaves to attain meaningful lives asfree citizens, they would need economic power, which, in turn, requiredpolitical power.
During the war, congressional leaders felt that Lincoln'splan ________, so they passed ________.
was too lenient; the more stringent Wade-Davisbill, which Lincoln vetoed
The Radical Republicans in Congress approachedReconstruction with each of the following convictions EXCEPT that
To heal the nation, the South should be treatedwith generosity and compassion.
Under new president Andrew Johnson, presidentialReconstruction
made it possible for former high-rankingConfederates to assume positions of power in the reconstructed southerngovernments.
The central issue that divided Johnson and congressionalRadicals was
the future place of African Americans in U.S.society.
The southern governments, as initially reconstituted afterthe war, alarmed northern public opinion for all of the following reasons EXCEPTthat
they were blatantly corrupt and wasteful inspending tax dollars.
What won the support of congressional moderates for theRadical program?
the president's uncompromising veto of a civilrights bill
Which of the following did the congressional Reconstructionprogram enacted 1866-1867 NOT provide for?
a landreform measure that would grant small tracts of farmland to deserving freedmen
With the exception of ________, the United States was theonly society in the Americas in which the destruction of slavery wasaccomplished by violence
AndrewJohnson narrowly avoided conviction on impeachment charges because
some Republicans feared that removal would seta bad precedent for using impeachment as a political weapon against thepresidency.
Which of the following most accurately explains the meaningof the refusal of Congress to convict Johnson?
The power of the Radicals in Congress waswaning
What is true about southern economic redevelopment?
Republican-dominated Reconstruction governmentssought to encourage southern industry.
One measure of black efforts to experience freedom was the
Which of the following was illumined by the text as afamilial problem faced by some African Americans after they were freed?
In the years after the Civil War, many freedmen ended upworking as
farmers under a sharecropper system.
For southern whites, the old idea of ________ inmaster-slave relationships was replaced by ________
close paternalistic ties; the distance ofpurely economic relationships
Which of the following is an accurate explanation of theSouth's "Redeemers"?
Gradually, conservative and racist whiteDemocrats regained political control in the former Confederate states.
President Johnson's home state of______, in which he had served as senator and then ruled asmilitary governor, ratified the Fourteenth Amendment against his wishes, andwas thus readmitted in 1866, before the Reconstruction Acts were passed.
The agency established by the federal government to protectfreedpeople's economic rights was commonly known as the
Sensitive to status, _______ pushed for prohibition ofsocial discrimination, but white Republicans refused to adopt such a radicalpolicy
During Grant's second term, Congress passed the CivilRights Act of 1875, the last major piece of _______ legislation
________ finally won the 1876 election after an electoralcommission awarded him all of the disputed electoral votes from three southernstates.
Ultimately, according to the authors of your text, wartimeideals and the goals of a real Reconstruction were scuttled by adeep-seated______ in America
Which of the following is NOT true about the post-Civil Warsouthern economy?
Despite dreams of a "New South,"industry never took hold in the South before 1900
Most new textile workers in the South were
Wages in southern industries remained low because
of the historic low wage pattern inagriculture.
Which of the following does NOT help explain the South's persistentpoverty
an absence of capital, allowing northerninvestors to exploit southern resources
The text makes the point that southern rural folk soughtstability and social order in
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
establishedthe concept of "separate but equal."
What was the significance of the 98th meridian?
It marks a boundary within the plains where thearea of scarce rainfall begins.
Taos of New Mexico believed that each spring the pregnantearth issued new life. Which of the following is a custom they followed withrespect to this belief?
The earlier federal Indian policy of"concentration" (deemed a failure by the 1880s) sought to
limitthe hunting grounds of many tribes.
In the wake of the Plains Indian wars, U.S. Indian policychanged from a policy of ________ (recognized as a failure by the 1880s) to apolicy of ________ (an effort that also failed)
concentrating tribes onto reservations; tryingto integrate Indians into white society as farmers
Western booms followed what typical pattern?
Initially, individuals rushed in for quickprofits; then, corporations moved in with hired labor.
What was the difference between the racial labor identitiesof California and Texas?
California had Asian Americans, where Texas didnot.
The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 proved destructive becauseit
attacked the communal structure of tribal life.
The cattle boom on the Great Plains ended in part because
severe weather conditions and overproductionwiped out many ranchers
Which of the following was NOT true of farming on thewestern plains?
Rising crop prices made farming attractive tohomesteaders.
In many plains communities it was the ________ that firstinstilled order into public life.
By 1887 Congress had become so alarmed at foreign ownershipof western land that it enacted the
Former slaves who followed reports ofbetter opportunities to the promised land of Kansas were nicknamed
The policy of _________ began in the Pacific Northwest andproduced some the earliest clashes between whites and Indians
The key to growth and development in the area west of the 98thmeridian has been _______
Thanks to a generous Congress and the diligent labor ofChinese and Irish workers, the first ___________ was completed shortly afterthe Civil War
The Southwest had a distinct and complex development: justas the southern economy relied on the labor of African Americans, the Southwestgrew on the labor of ________
The chapter introduction tells the storyof the journeys of Robert Ferguson and T. S. Hudson to make the point that
Americaunderwent a transportation and industrial transformation between the 1860s and1880s.
The first "big business" inAmerica, at least in terms of finance, labor relations, and management, was the
The industries of Rockefeller and Carnegie illustrate notonly the process of developing an industrial corporation, but also
how newtechnologies made it possible to use natural resources in new ways and on agrander scale than before.
What company did J. Pierpont Morgancreate when he merged nine competing steel manufacturers into one?
United States Steel Corporation
To pay for building the myriad industrialsystems and facilities needed to industrialize America, all of the followingdevelopments occurred EXCEPT
foreigngovernments investing heavily in U.S. industry for both political and economicreasons.
Which of the following was NOT among theadvantages of the corporate form of business organization?
itdesignated a person personally responsible by law for corporation debts.
From where did the bulk of the manpowercome, to work in the many new factories?
both fromthe rural areas of America and Europe
Railroads pursued all sorts of techniquesto overcome the competitive jungle, including all of the following EXCEPT
educingscheduled train service to force prices up.
Serving as financial advisers torailroads, the ________ often eventually found themselves taking control.
Which statement is NOT true of"vertical integration"?
TheMichigan Salt Association is a classic example of vertical integration.
Which of the following was a unionbenefit the railroad "brotherhoods" provided their members prior tothe Civil War?
Which of the following advocated what wasreferred to as "social Darwinism"?
Who advocated what he called a"single tax"?
The American Federation of Labor wascomparatively successful because it
stressedgradual, concrete gains for its members.
What statement about the workers' worldof the 1880s and 1890s is true?
Eachyear, industrial mishaps injured over 500,000 workers.
What does the text mean by asserting thatcertain jobs were "feminized"?
Malestended to no longer pursue certain professional occupations once women enteredthem in significant numbers.
Which of the following statements aboutAmerican workers is NOT true?
SamuelGompers of the AFL succeeded as a union leader because he advocated radicalchanges in the structure of American capitalism, rather than merely seekingbetter wages and working conditions.
For ordinary workers to affect theindustrial order, they had to develop their own kind of integrated system.Specifically, they had to pursue
The ________ prescribed not only aneconomic system, but a Protestant moralistic social plan.
Which statement about the American Federation ofLabor is true?
The AFL,a combination of craft unions, stressed concrete, practical economic gains.
In the late nineteenth century, employersalways had the advantage over workers in labor disputes. Which of the followingwas a tactic (or tactics) used by employers that gave them this advantage?
The Bessemer process, one of the newtechnologies that accelerated the use of natural resources, converted a rawmineral into
the ______ lay at the center of the new industrial systems,moving people and freight, spreading communications, and even redefining timeitself
At first, investment _______ served merely as advisors torailroads and other corporations. With such a stake in controlling funds, theyeventually found themselves taking control, for the purpose of imposing orderand centralization.
When a company gains control of two or more stages in theproduction process, it has adopted a(n) __________ integration growth strategy.
Which is an accurate statement aboutdemographic trends in the late nineteenth century?
Theproportion of Americans living in cities rose.
Which of the following statements aboutlate nineteenth-and early twentieth-century immigrants is NOT true?
In late nineteenth-century Americancities,
themiddle and upper classes lived in the newer outer suburbs
What was true about middle-class familyand community life in "Victorian" America?
Increasingopportunities for formal schooling became available.
What, according to your text, transformedthe appearance of American cities in the late 1800s?
The cityspread both outward and upward, due to streetcars, subways, and skyscrapers
What was the primary solution to therealization that cities could hardly survive, let alone grow, without improvedtransportation?
What urban housing design, once hailed asa helpful innovation, turned out to be a dangerous blight on the cityscape?
The urban political machines stayed inpower in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century because
theyeffectively provided needed services to the poorer city dwellers.
________ divorced her husband, ran forpresident in 1872 on the Equal Rights party ticket, and pressed the case forsexual freedom.
Which of the following is an accuratestatement about the urban bosses?
Theyboth served and exploited the people of the city
Major religious responses to the plightof the urban poor included all of the following EXCEPT
effortsto restrict immigration.
Which of the following was seen as aresult of the "corrupting influence of city life on manhood" by someonlookers of this period?
how did women's colleges respond to Dr.Edward Clarke's assertion that the rigors of a college education could lead the"weaker sex" to physical or mental collapse, infertility, and earlydeath?
Theyimplemented programs of physical activity to keep students healthy.
Which of the following statements bestdescribes the typical pattern of immigrant life?
Clusteredinto ever-changing neighborhoods in the cities, with a church or synagogue atthe center, ethnic communities both preserved Old World flavor and eased thetransition to an Americanized culture.
Evidence of technological progress in theurban household included
Victorian crusaders against intemperanceand vice saw themselves as
apostlesof social control.
Which of the following was NOT a trend ineducation in the late nineteenth century?
Citygirls and boys, as required by law in most states, attended school together formost of the workday.
Frances Willard led the Victoriancampaign against
New outlets for selling consumer goodsincluded all of the following EXCEPT the
outlyingshopping center for middle-class commuters living at the end of the streetcarlines.
In which of the following entertainmentswould one most likely find a factory worker or miner engaged?
Drinkingin a saloon
Particular source regions of immigrantsdominated at particular times over the course of the successive waves ofimmigration to the United States; in the 1880s, "new" immigrantsbegan to arrive from southern and eastern _______
Always at the center of immigrant life intheir neighborhoods within the American city were the houses of
The most notorious of the corrupt citypoliticians who ultimately died in prison was New York's
Ready-made consumer products for the urban middle class wereavailable at the new __________, palaces of consumption conveniently located onstreetcar lines for the lady who wanted to “go downtown” in an afternoon.
Sports had been a traditional form ofrecreation for the rich; but, because it required less skill and equipment,_________ had more middle-class appeal
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!