Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology 8/19/08- 8/21/08 1. Important points to ponder 2. Things for you to do before the next lecture 1. Pick up a syllabus from WebCT. a) If you cannot log on to the course website, send me an email at HYPERLINK "mailto:email@example.com" firstname.lastname@example.org . The subject line MUST read: CBIO2200 late add. b) Your email message must contain your UGA MyID 2. Register your remotes by 8 a.m. Monday, June 9. The Class Key is posted on WebCT. 3. Register on the CPR Website by 8 a.m. Tuesday, June 10. 3. Tests and more tests 4. No excuses 5. Your Goals a) Meet all course deadlines for there will be no exceptions if you fail to do so. b) Know your learning style so you can use appropriate study methods. c) Refine your study skills d) Vow to study daily e) Discover your learning style. i. Take this short test--you may be surprised at the results. HYPERLINK "http://www.agelesslearner.com/assess/learningstyle.html" http://www.agelesslearner.com/assess/learningstyle.html ii. Once you find your learning style, go here for study and classroom suggestions: HYPERLINK "http://www.trcc.commnet.edu/ed_Resources/TASC/Training/Resources_Learning_Styles.htm" http://www.trcc.commnet.edu/ed_Resources/TASC/Training/Resources_Learning_Styles.htm 6. Want to do well? Read the tips. Study consistently and come to class. a) Insights 7. Read materials BEFORE class. 8. You will be told what you need to know. a) You cannot memorize everything, nor do we want you to do so. 9. Study groups 10. Why Anatomy & Physiology a) Because it is about YOU b) Because one day YOU may be the only person who knows why gall bladder pain is referred the shoulder - and that bit of information can come in mighty handy at times c) Fun Facts d) To help in the career of your choice 11. What Is Anatomy? a) Subdivisions of anatomy i. Surface anatomy ii. Gross anatomy iii. Systemic (systematic) anatomy iv. Regional anatomy v. Radiographic anatomy vi. Developmental anatomy vii. Embryology viii. Histology ix. Cytology x. Pathological anatomy 12. What Is Physiology? a) Subdivisions of physiology include i. Cell physiology ii. Pathophysiology iii. Exercise physiology iv. Neurophysiology v. Endocrinology vi. Cardiovascular physiology vii. Immunology viii. Respiratory physiology ix. Renal physiology 13. Levels of Structural Organization a) Cells b) Tissues c) Organs d) Systems e) The human organism * An Introduction to the Human Body - All body systems influence one another, work together to maintain health, provide protection from disease, and allow for reproduction of the species. - Please Read the Section in Your Text Regarding the Eleven Systems of the Human Body. 14. We will examine four of those eleven systems in this course: a) Integument b) Skeletal c) Muscular d) Nervous - Terminology - Anatomy has its own language; to learn anatomy, you must first master this foreign language. You are expected to learn this in lab, though we will use this language in lecture. 15. Anatomical Terms a) Anatomical position b) Regional terms c) Directional terms d) Planes and Sections i. Sagittal a) midsagittal b) parasagittal plane ii. Frontal/Coronal iii. Transverse/Horizontal iv. Oblique 16. Body Cavities Contain Internal Organs a) Dorsal cavity i. Cranial cavity ii. Vertebral (Spinal) Cavity b) Ventral cavity i. Thoracic cavity a) Pleural cavities b) Mediastinum c) Pericardial cavity ii. Abdominopelvic cavity a) Abdominal cavity b) Pelvic cavity iii. Visceral and parietal surfaces * Know this information: Figure A.11: Body Systems ? All the major organs as well as the function(s) of each system. Figure A.5: Regions of The Human Body Figure A.6: The Nine Abdominopelvic Regions ? Be able to match the organs shown to the appropriate region. Figure A.6: The Four Abdominopelvic Quadrants. ? Be able to match the organs shown to the appropriate quadrant. Table A.1: Directional Terms *What Is Physiology? 17. Physiology is the scientific study of the mechanisms through which the body functions. a) It is the study of NORMAL functioning. b) Physiology can be studied on many different levels. c) Brief definition is this: * So, What?s Homeostasis? 18. Homeostasis is 19. What is an "internal environment"? 20. What types of conditions are controlled? 21. How are these conditions controlled? 22. Why do all body systems attempt to maintain homeostasis? 23. Homeostasis is regulated by the nervous and endocrine systems acting together or separately 24. What are the differences between the endocrine and nervous systems control? 25. Feedback systems help maintain homeostasis * Feedback Systems 26. All Feedback Systems Contain the Following Parts: a) A control center and a set point. b) Receptor c) Effector d) (Response) e) What is a negative feedback system? f) What is a positive feedback system? g) Disease: homeostatic imbalance. *Remember that: 1. Exam 1 contains material from chapters 1, 2 and 3. 2. We have not discussed all this material, and we will not do so, but it is basic information you should have retained from an introductory biology course.
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