Discus Thrower(Diskobolos). 450 BCE. Marble. National Museum, Rome.Form: sculpture made out of marble, originally made from bronze. Ideal depiction of man with athletic body. Parts of body seen vividly. Function: might have stood in a temple to commemorate god and it might of commemorated a well known athlete of the time. Content: the Olympian Games were widely practiced at the time founded by Herakles. It honored the gods such as Zeus and it was a central part of civilization still done today. Context: Polictical activities were stopped to go to Olympic Games. Many people attended and admired the winners. Part of worship of the gods. It was a central part of society and an important event.
Gunnery Vase(Krater). Dyplon cemetery, Athens. C. 750-700BCE. Ceramic. Attributed to Hirschfeild Workshop.Form: geometric style proper. Very intricate. Abstract figures and shapes represent human figures. Use of ground lines evident. Use of lines as well. Function: marked graves and stood in front of cemetery. Content: narrative of human beings conducting a cremation. Shows the person being cremated and mourners as well. Context: reflected on emotional reactions of survivors. Instead of an afterlife, the dead entered an unknown place. Art reflects survivors of death.
Temple of Hera I, Paestrum(ancient poseidonia). Italy, c. 470-460 BCE.Form: made of mostly stone and marble. It contains Doric Order temple plan with Doric columns. Function: dedicated to Hera. It was a temple in which people would come to worship her. Content: might have had two presiding deities: either Hera or Poseidon, Hera and Zeus, or Hera in her two manifestations. Context: people valued these gods so much they made temples as a sign of reverence and for worship.
Gordon Medua. Detail on Temple of Artemis. C. 600-580 BCE. Limestone. Korkyra.Form: made of limestone and apart of temple of Artemis. Rather twisted figure with waist in profile. Given godly aspects. Mutilated through time. Function: to protect the temple from intruders or anything devil. Content: medusa had the power to turn people into stone if they looked at her. Perseus beheaded her with Athena help. Beside her are her two children who were born from her blood as she was dying. Context: people feared her and she was a popular figure to use since she was seen as a protector.
Map of Ancient Greece. Features the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, Black Sea, and Adriatic Sea. Map shows Greece, the tip of Africa, Syria, Phoenicia, and Asia Minor
Standing Youth (Kourous). Attica. c. 600 BCE. Artist: Unknown. Form: Marble, height 6'. Braided hair. Lines give shape and definition to the body. Function: To capture the perfect human body. Content: A young man is captured standing rigidly with his left foot in front of the other. He has an Archaic smile and braided hair. Very thin and muscular. Lines outline his chest and the muscles in his arm. Context: The audience is the Greeks. This was created for social purposes, like art. Greeks were obsessed with depicting the human body naked and this is example of a perfect, human body.