Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) Satyagraha (Truth force) Non violence-does not mean meek submission to the will of the evil-doer, but it means the pitting of one?s whole soul? Socialist amongst the movement, Muslims gain respect Raises the worth of Idea?s poor Transformation of individuals India?s problem wasn?t England but the materialism of modern society. The abandonment of spirituality. Following WW@ British trans. Power to Africa. His lt. did not buy into his vision for the future of India, but saw industrial, science development for India. Division of Hindu pop. And Muslim Population. Muhammad Ali. Jinnah and the Muslim minority Independence and partition (1947) Division was enormously painful, huge refugees populations. To match home with their religion. Provoked local outbreaks of violence. 1mil people died during this division. ?Rivers of blood were to flow if India is divided? Responsible for weakening India. AFRICA-independent from British Empire- political domination came from White SETTLERES Segregation known as??? Apartheid in South Africa Racial Concentrations and Homelands Steel chemical plants auto manufacturing Gained from foreign investments and loans, ran by whites, labored by blacks. Some ethic groups where put on ?reservations? for diff. African groups Policies provoked resistance, rebellions, and protest from political and religious groups. African National Congress (ANC), est. 1912. They longed for the things that white settlers claimed for them self?s. Nelson Mandela leadership Non-violent civil disobedience. Use of boycott and strikes. Sharpsville, South Africa (March 1960) Peaceful protest: turnover for arrest. Inexperience officer shoots into crowds and kills 69 African Blacks Threw Mandela in prison Black nationalist turned to armed struggle, Mandela helped to establish a paramilitary to bomb government establishments. He was arrested in 1964. Dedicated him to the black African struggle. Preached for equality and racial harmony, an idea in which he was prepared to sacrifice himself. Nelson Mandela-Imprisoned 1964-1990:president 1994-1999 Urban violence in S. Africa Vision for a multi ethnic coalition. Angolan Civil War (1975-2002) MPLA: Popular Movement for the liberation of Angola UNITA: National Union for the Total Independence of Angola Support from Soviet Union and Cuban, sending many troops from Cuba to Angola. Diamond and oil reserves. Instead of the use of the uses to build and empire, the gov only used to buy weapons. Despite enormous natural wealth, a large percentasge of Angolans lacked healthcare and WATER. Life expectancy was a mere 40 years. Children rarely lived to the age of 5. Is democracy really workable in these societies??? Sometime history of democracy is forgotten Only developed over hundreds of years, sometimes involving war, extremely bloody process Part of the problem was internal to these countries. These same colonial boundaries drawn arbitrarily became the new for people with in the country. Opportunist takes advantage to promote rivalries for there personal use. Greed, corruption, fair amount of fear and violence Concentration of power in the hands of warlords who claim to provide protection ? The medaling of super powers.
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