ANTHR 1006 Study Guide (2013-14 Handwerker)
- University of Connecticut
- Anthropology 1006
- ANTHR 1006 Study Guide (2013-14 Handwerker)
Last Modified: 2014-06-28
E. environmental circumscription or resource concentration, increasing population,and warfare.
E. walls to protect against raids.
E. a chiefdom
E. the universal grammar.
E. speech in its social context.
E. are more interested in the rules that govern language than the actual use oflanguage in everyday life.
E. their capacity to follow one of the main lessons of applied anthropology, thatexternal inputs fit best when tailored properly to local settings.
E. culturally arbitrary, even though most people assume them to be based inbiology.
E. reliance on available natural resources for their subsistence, rather thancontrolling the reproduction of plants and animals.
E. a society's major productive resources, such as land and other naturalresources, labor, technology, and capital
E. are not part of the world market.
E. encroachment by gold miners and cattle ranchers.
E. the Yanomamis' leaders have been expelled by their own communities because ofaccusations of sorcery.
E. Big men do not keep the wealth they accumulate; instead, they redistribute itto create and maintain alliances with political supporters.
E. joins the work of many other anthropologists that cite the importance ofinformal processes of social control, including gossip and stigma.
E. freedom or autonomy in terms of disposing of one's labor and its fruits, andsocial power: control over the lives, labor, and produce of others.
E. the relative status of women is variable, depending on such factors as the typeof subsistence strategy employed, the importance of warfare, and the prevalenceof a domestic–public dichotomy.
E. contrary to expectations, the importance of kinship is growing in contemporarynations.
E. Some genealogical kin are considered to be relatives whereas others are not,and the rules underlying such considerations vary across cultures.
E. use the same term to describe MB and FB.
B. Culture is NOT passed on genetically to future generations.
C. Cultural forces consistently mold andshape human biology and behavior.
D. Culture guides the beliefs and behavior ofthe people exposed to it.
E. Culture is passed on from generation togeneration.
B. It is acquired by all humans as members ofsociety through enculturation.
C. It encompasses rule governed, shared,symbol based, learned behavior, as well as beliefs transmitted across thegenerations.
D. Everyone is cultured.
E. Parallel cousins are considered closer relatives than cross-cousins.
E. evidence that romantic love may be a universal, although romantic love andmarriage do not necessarily go together.
E. the type of marriage in which there is more than one wife
E. associated with social divisions within and between societies and nations.
E. Max Weber in his influential book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit ofCapitalism (1904, 1958)
E. The state
E. criticized for being too sketchy and spontaneous to beconsidered art.
E. it has been suggested that the predisposition for music mayhave a genetic basis.
E. confirming Lévi-Strauss's analysis of myths around the world,these movies have many secondary cultural references that only culturedaudiences are able to perceive and appreciate.
E. Art is in a cultural sphere separate from politics andreligion.
E. people's ideas about proper family size are influenced as theysee, day after day, nuclear families smaller than the traditional ones in theirtown.
E. is characterized by the policy that environmental protectionand job safety are too important to be left unregulated.
E. is different from the one typically used in current U.S. politics, in which liberalis the opposite of conservative.
E. was a political movement and doctrine seeking to overthrowcapitalism and establish a form of communism such as that which prevailed inthe Soviet Union (the U.S.S.R.) from 1917 to 1991.
1. In which country do the Nuer live?
2. Who isresponsible for the various tasks involved in tending to cattle including thespreading of dung for fires?
3. What kind ofeconomic exchange takes place during Nuer marriage?
4) In the movie ‘The Nuer’ why does the man attempt to divorce hiswife?
5. In the movie ‘The Nuer’ why does the ghost of a man punish hisfamily?
1. Why do the Dani say they avenge killings?
What is the primary source of wealth among the Dani?
1. What do the Dani soak in brine to collect salt?
Which of the following is true about women’s preferences for man’sstatus?
a. Whenthey are the most likely to get pregnant.
1. According to the film, when did the first migrations to the NewWorld occur?
1. In what year did Sagan have the picture taken of Earth by Voyagerafter it had just passed Saturn?
a. . Apollo 17
The picture was taken after the spacecraft passed what planet?
B. results in internalization of a culturaltradition.
C. may involve direct teaching.
E. requires interaction with others.
C. the value of cross-cultural research thatin this case enables the researchers to distinguish the effects of years of TVexposure and other changes associated with aging.
E. the challenges researchers often face whendetermining whether they are observing effects or correlations in theirfindings.
B. depth and color vision.
C. learning ability based on a large brain.
D. substantial parental investment in alimited number of offspring.
C. attention to agency in anthropologicalanalysis.
D. interest in public, collective, andindividual dimensions of day-to-day life.
E. interest in how acts of resistance canmake and remake culture.
B. have different learning experiences.
C. have shared learning experiences.
D. may originate in ethnicity, class, region,or religion.
B. helping the Environmental ProtectionAgency address environmental problems.
D. using the tools of medical anthropology towork as cultural interpreters in public health programs.
E. applying the tools of forensicanthropology to work with police, medical examiners, the courts, andinternational organizations to identify victims of crimes, accidents, wars, andterrorism.
B. working with people to design culturallyappropriate and socially sensitive change.
D. protecting local people from harmfulpolicies and projects that might threaten them.
E. working as participant observers, takingpart in the events they study in order to understand local thought andbehavior.
C. Project personnel too rarely visit andtalk with the people affected by the project.
D. The planners tend to overlook culturaldiversity, especially in less developed countries.
E. People who know little about the areaaffected by the project often have done most or all of its planning, execution,and evaluation.
B. preserving local systems while working tomake them better.
C. respecting local traditions.
D. drawing models of development from indigenouspractices.