1. A __________ is a form of social and political organization that has a formal,central government and a division of society into classes.
2. What do proponents of the hydraulic theory for the origin of the state argue?
B. States were theby-products of the organizational requirements of large irrigation systems
3. Robert Carneiro(1970) put forth an influential theory that incorporates three factors workingtogether instead of a single cause for state formation. These three factorsare
E. environmental circumscription or resource concentration, increasing population,and warfare.
4. In this chapter we learn that the most complete explanation of primary stateformation is A. a prime-mover explanation based onirrigation
B. a multivariateapproach such as Carneiro's theory of state formation
5. Thor Heyerdahl proposed that Egyptians could have navigated to the New Worldand influenced the emergence of civilization in the Americas. Erich von Danikensuggested that major human achievements had been borrowed from beings fromouter space. What do these two views, both lacking credible scientificevidence, have in common? Both views
C. take the position that major changes inancient human lifestyles were the results of outside instruction orinterference rather than the achievements of the natives of the places wherethe changes took place
6. Which of the following is not a characteristic of states? They