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What term is synonymous with applied anthropologists?
All of the following illustrates the kinds of work that applied anthropologists do except
borrowing from fields such as history and sociology to broaden the scope of theoretical anthropology.
Why is ethnography one of the most valuable and distinctive tools of the applied anthropologist? It
provides a firsthand account of the day-to-day issues and challenges that the members of a given community face, as well as a sense of how those people think about and react to these issues.
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of the work that applied anthropologists do? They
enter the affected communities and talk with people.
Which of the following illustrates some of the dangers of the old applied anthropology?
anthropologists aiding colonial expansion by providing ethnographic information to colonists
Who was studied at a distance during the 1940s in an attempt to predict the behavior of the political enemies of the United States?
Germans and Japanese
What is the postwar baby boom of the late 1940s and 1950s responsible for? It
fueled the general expansion of the U.S. educational system, including academic anthropology.
As an aid to applied anthropology, anthropological theory
promotes a systemic perspective that aids the successful implementation of development projects.
All of the following are proper roles for applied anthropologists except
placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else's cultural values.
This chapter's "Appreciating Anthropology" account describes how applied anthropologists can help communities preserve their culture in the face of threat or disaster, such as Hurricane Katrina. For example, after the hurricane, anthropologist Shannon Dawdy proposed treating one of New Orleans's most popular cemeteries among the city's poor as archaeologists would handle an ancient site. In practice this meant that
the government should treat the votive artifacts of the cemetery not as debris but as the religious artifacts they are, making some effort to restore the damaged site, find the objects, and at least record where they came from.
What is the commonly stated goal for most development projects?
In a comparative study of 68 development projects, Kottak determined that
culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones.
Which of the following is not a valid criticism of many economic development projects?
Project planners have no real interest in helping communities.
What term refers to the tendency to view less developed countries as more alike than they are?
Development projects should aim to accomplish all of the following except
developing strategies with little input from the local communities.
Which of the following is a reason that the Madagascar project to increase rice production was successful?
Malagasy leaders were of the peasantry and were therefore prepared to follow the descent-group ethic of pooling resources for the good of the group as a whole
The Malagasy development program described in this chapter illustrates the importance of
the local government's ability to improve the lives of its citizens, when committed to doing so.
In an example of applied anthropology's contribution to improving education, this chapter describes a study of Puerto Rican seventh graders in a Midwestern U.S. urban school (Hill-Burnett, 1978). What did anthropologists discover in this study?
The Puerto Rican students' education was being affected by their teachers' misconceptions.
Anthropology may aid in the progress of education by helping educators avoid all of the following except
tolerance of ethnic diversity.
Robert Redfield's research recognized that a city is a social context that is very different from a tribal or peasant village. What did he study? Differences between
urban and rural communities
What did Robert Redfield argue about the relations between urban and rural communities?
Cities are centers from which cultural innovations are spread to rural and tribal areas.
Which of the following is not a feature of urban life?
A. Dispersed settlements
B. High population density
C. Social heterogeneity
D. Economic differentiation
E. Geographic mobility
Which of the following best illustrates urban applied anthropologists' ability to help social groups deal with urban institutions?
Vigil's study of gang violence in the context of large-scale immigrant adaptation to U.S. cities
Which of the following is true about medical anthropology?
his growing field considers the biocultural context and implications of disease and illness.
What is a disease?
A scientifically identified health threat
What is an illness?
A health problem as it is experienced by the one affected
Shamans and other magico-religious specialists are effective curers with regard to what kind of disease theory?
What is microenculturation?
the process whereby particular roles are learned within a limited social system (for example, a business)
An ethnographic study of the workplace
provides a close observation of workers and managers in their natural setting.
This chapter's "Appreciating Diversity" account describes how McDonalds was able to succeed in the Brazilian market once it adapted to preexisting Brazilian cultural patterns. This example illustrates
how the axiom of applied anthropology that innovation succeeds best when it is culturally appropriate applies not just to development projects but also businesses, such as fast food.
Anthropology has three dimensions: academic, applied, and a mix of the two.
Ethnography is one of applied anthropology's most valuable research tools, because it provides a firsthand account of the lives of ordinary people.
During World War II, the U.S. government recruited anthropologists to study Japanese and German cultures. This chapter uses this example to illustrate the dangers of the old anthropology.
Although its roots extend further back in time, the real boom for applied anthropology in the United States began in the 1970s.
Academic and applied anthropology have a symbiotic relationship as theory aids practice and application fuels theory.
Developmental anthropology is the branch of applied anthropology that focuses on social issues in, and the cultural dimensions of, moral development.
A commonly stated goal of recent development policy is to promote equity; that is, to reduce poverty and promote a more even distribution of wealth.
A comparative study of 68 rural development projects from all around the world found culturally compatible economic development projects to be twice as successful financially as incompatible ones.
It is safe to assume that there is less cultural diversity among the poorest, less developed countries in the world.
Fortunately for applied anthropologists eager to do effective international work, all governments are genuinely and realistically committed to improving the lives of their citizens.
When nations become more tied to the world economy, indigenous forms of social organization inevitably break down into nuclear family organization, impersonality, and alienation.
Sociolinguists and cultural anthropologists studying Puerto Rican communities in the Midwestern United States found that Puerto Rican parents valued education more than non-Hispanics.
In his comparison of rural versus urban communities, Robert Redfield found that cultural innovations spread from urban areas to rural ones.
The Samoan community living in Los Angeles has successfully has used the matai system to deal with modern urban problems.
Strictly speaking, medical anthropology is an applied field within anthropology.
An illness is a scientifically identified health threat caused by a bacterium, virus, fungus, parasite, or other pathogen.
Biomedicine, which aims to link an illness to scientifically demonstrated agents that bear no personal malice toward their victims, is an example of naturalistic medicine.
Health care systems refer to the nationalized health care services that exist only in core industrial nations.
Non-Western medicine does not maintain a sharp distinction between biological and psychological illnesses.
Non-Western medicine treats illnesses symptomatically, seeking an immediate cure.
Scientific medicine is not the same thing as Western medicine. Despite advances in technology, genomics, molecular biology, pathology, surgery, diagnostics, and applications, many Western medical procedures have little justification in logic or fact.
A bachelor's degree in anthropology is of little value in the corporate world
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