A set of social relations through which labor is deployed to extract energy from nature by means of tools, skills, organization, and knowledge.
A hunting and gathering economy, usually of small, migratory populations. There is a division of labor by sex and age. Cooperation is theme, conflict is kept to a minimum. Decision making is by consensus and the entire group is the economic unit of production.
A way of life in which technology is devoted to gaingin a liveligood from the care of large herds of domestic animals. All by-products of an animal are used. Populations in the 100s are migratory; they have a concept of private ownership, mainly with animals. Division of labor by sex.