Anthro Final Exam
- University of Connecticut
- Anthropology 1006
- Anthro Final Exam
Last Modified: 2011-07-02
Related Textbooks:Introducing Anthropology: An Integrated Approach
Social control or order
Leadership: no formal leaders (headman), little differential authority, consensus decision making. Leadership is based on talents and respects.
Social Control: informal, consensus judgment, banishment of repeated violators.
Warfare: conflict resolved informally, fighting consists of family feuds and personal problems. Not continual fighting and no formal organization of war. Cooperation is theme
Inuit Dueling Songs (example of Band Social Order): used to resolve disputes. Would perform songs to express their side of the story. Used to vent anger and lay issues to rest. Winner is chosen by applause
Leadership: No formal government, more effective regulatory mechanisms than bands, nominal leaders.
Social Control: informal means that is based on public sentiment. Held "ordeals" which are trials with the headman or council acting as mediators in settling disputes.
Warfare" raiding other villages, linked to kin-groups, war is grounded in material or ecological conditions.
Leadership: Centralized, formal office of chief
Social Control: chief has authority to make judgments, to punish, and to solve disputes. His word is law.
Warfare: chiefs recruit armies, systematic warfare, dominates surrounding communities.
Based on codified LAW. Has class-based social systems. Incorporation of a variety of political administrative bureaucracies. Maintains armies. Social control is maintained through government, concept of nationality, citezenship.
Warfare: global economic rivalries, costly, leads to increased centralized control
Mother's Brother's child marries Father's Sister's child
Mother's Sister's child marries Father's Brother's child
Consanguineal: Blood kin - biological
Affinal: Kin by marriage
2) provides basic education and care of offspring
3) Establishes a social identity for the individual
4) Provides a fundamental economic unit
Peace-loving People vs. Violent Crimes, Wars
Rugged Individualism vs. Conformity
Human Equality vs. Pre-occupation with class, race, and sex
Humanitarianism vs. Hostility to welfare, nat. health insurance and guarantee incomes.
prevailing model for members of our society is the behavior of their contemporaries. Mass-production makes conformity easier. We all get the same messages, wear the same clothes.
concerned with people of our social position and age-set. Don't want to be different. Have, Think, or Do.
if majority adopt an opinion you set yourself up as being better or different from the majority if you question it.
Validation: supports the basic institutions, values, goals of a culture
Integration: pulls the members of a group together.
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