Privilege - special advantage that is unearned and unasked for and often invisible; enjoyed by an individual, caste etc… Oppression- system that maintains advantage and disadvantages based on stereotypical group membership Intentional and unintentional at individual, cultural and institutional levels Discrimination is part of social power by dominant social groups Process of socialization TARGETS- exploited and victimized group AGENTS- dominant social group
What are the isms?
Racism, sexism, transgender oppression, heterosexism, classism, ableism, religious oppression, ageism/adultism
Bias/ Prejudice Term
Inherent in our culture Prejudgement in the absence of information about individuals Functions of Bias/Prejudice: Socialization- transmitted form one generation to the next as part of accumulated knowledge Psychological- attitude of superiority; ego enhancing Cognitive- illogical conclusions based on behaviour of individuals Social- Psychological- justification for favoring members of ones own group at the expense of other groups Political economic- justification for systematic denial of benefits and opportunities
Psychosocial Effects of Oppression Term
Alienation from own culture/group Shame Coping mechanisms - abandoning own culture or having contact only with members of own group
All forms of oppression are interconnected, not one is worse than the order so there is no hierarchy Confronting it will benefit everyone and it is everyone's responsibility to challenge it The more we know about ourselves the more effective we can be agents of change and influence or sphere Language used is important- avoid stigmatizing and disrespectful words Quote by Desmond Tutu I thought was nice : If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.