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The debates between Federalists and AntiFederalists were primarily about which of the following issues?
The scope of power of the central government.
Which of the following statements about gerrymandering is true?
It can be used by a political party to draw boundary lines to control as many districts as possible.
which of the following constitutional principles most directly addresses the relationship between the national and state govs
the term "pork barrel" refers to legislation specifically designed to
provide funding for local projects that are intended to benefit constituents
the supreme court's power of judicial review permits the court to overrule all of the following EXCEPT
the bill of rights
which of the following statements about political parties and the united states constitution is true?
the issue of political parties is not addressed in the constitution
the free-exercise clause protects
voluntary prayer by student groups before school
which of the following united states supreme court cases established the principle of judicial review?
marbury v. madison
which of the following is the most likely consequence of divided government?
delays in confirmation of federal court nominees
in plessy v. Ferguson, the US supreme court ruled that state-imposed racial segregation is constitutional, based on the
"separate but equal" doctrine
which of the following is a fundamental element of the united states constitution?
division of government
which of the following best explains the principle of stare decisis?
it encourages judges to follow precedent when deciding cases
which of the following statements about the senate is true?
individual senators can exercise substantial influence over the legislative process
the framers of the united states constitution left decisions on voting eligibility to the
in the process and structure of public policymaking, "iron triangles" refer to the
interrelationship among federal, state, and local levels of government in the policy process
one reason for the persistence of a two-party system in the united states is
the single-member district electoral system
both gitlow v new York and new York times v. Sullivan are united states supreme court cases that dealt with which amendment?
which of the following is true of political action committees (PACs)?
they make campaign contributors to gain access to legislators
all of the following are ways that the legislative branch can check the powers of the executive branch EXCEPT
congress may pass a law declaring a presidential action unconstitutional
which of the following best describes the difference between an open and closed primary?
only voters who register as members of a political party may vote in that party's closed primary while independents and others may be eligible to vote in open primaries
which of the following is an example of congressional oversight?
holding hearings for review of an executive agency's activities
explanations for low voter turnout include all of the following EXCEPT
laws protecting voting rights for minorities
which of the following statements about motions for cloture is true?
they are used by senators to end a filibuster and bring a bill to vote
since 1972, voters in presidential elections have
become more focused on individual candidates
the process of extending the protections of the bill of rights by means of the 14th amendment to apply to the actions of stat
the main intent of "motor voter" laws is to
increase voter registration
which of the following describes a consequence of the growing concentration of ownership of the news media?
there is increased similarity of network news coverage
the difference between an appellate court and a district court is that an appellate court
reviews previous court decisions
the supreme court has ruled which of the following concerning the death penalty?
the death penalty is not necessarily cruel and unusual punishment
which of the following is true of the voting rights act of 1965?
it has been a major instrument for increasing the number of African American and other minority voters
since the early 1980s the republican party platform has been increasingly influenced by
the role congress plays in ensuring that executive branch agencies are carrying out their legislated responsibilities is know
the constitution states that all revenue bills must originate in
the united states house of representatives
the table above supports which of the following statements about partisanship and the 1984 presidential election?
partisanship was a good predictor of the way a person voted
nominations to the supreme court must be approved by a
simple majority vote in the senate only
which of the following is true of most federal judges appointed by the president?
they serve for life on good behavior unless impeached and convicted by congress
which of the following describes a fundamental difference between political parties and interest groups?
political parties represent broad arrays of issues whereas interest groups are more likely to focus on narrow sets of issues
compared to the general population delegates to presidential nomination conventions are
unlike the articles of confederation the constitution does which of the following?
emphasizes both national sovereignty and federalism
federal budget entitlements refer to spending
to provide individual benefits established by legislation
brown v. board of education of Topeka (1954) was a significant supreme court ruling because it
held the "separate but equal" concept to be a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment
which of the following is the leading predictor of how an individual will vote in a congressional election?
which of the following statements is beat supported by the data in the above table?
Latinos of Cuban descent are more supportive of the republican party than are Latinos of Mexican or Puerto Rican descent
of the following which is the most powerful figure in congress?
the speaker of the house
interest groups engage in all of the following activities EXCEPT
using the franking privilege
registered voters directly elect which of the following
members of the senate and members of the house of representatives only
the role of a conference committee in congress is to
reconcile differences in bills passed by the house and senate
the most important source of the supreme courts caseload is
the appellate jurisdiction
the president attempting to influence congress to pass a legislative program might employ all of the following strategies EXC
denying campaign reelection funds to legislators who oppose the president's policy stand
which of the following generalizations about group voting tendencies is true?
African american democrats tend to support the more liberal candidates within their party
in which of the following did congress move to regain powers previously lost to the executive branch?
budget and impoundment control act
all of the following powers are granted to the president by the constitution EXCEPT
forming new cabinet-level departments
discrimination in public accommodations was made illegal in the united states as a direct result of the
civil rights act of 1964
in McCulloch v. Maryland the supreme court established which of the following principles?
states cannot interfere with or tax the legitimate activities of the federal government
most of the individual protections of the bill of rights now apply to the states bc of the supreme courts interpretation of
one of the most formal tools used by congress for oversight of the bureaucracy is
authorization of spending
the "Miranda warning" represents an attempt to protect criminal suspects against
unfair police interrogation
decisions reached by the supreme court under the leadership of chief justice earl warren did all of the following EXCEPT
invalidate state abortion statutes
critical elections in the united states typically have occurred
when groups of voters have changed their traditional patterns of loyalty
Griswold v. Connecticut and roe v. wade are similar supreme court cases in that both cases are based on the
right of privacy
the establishment clause in the first amendment does which of the following?
prohibits the setting up of a state church
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
a case that allowed flag burning as protected speech
Wallace v. jaffree (1985)
a case that struck down an Alabama moment of silence based on the establishment clause
weeks v. united states (1914)
a case that said illegally obtained evidence could not be used by the prosecution in federal cases
university of California regents v. bakke (1978)
a case that stated that affirmative action programs were allowed but quotas could not be used to ensure racial diversity
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
case ruling that children in Amish families did not have to attend public schools past the 8th grade
fitlow v. new York (1925)
in this case the court ruled that states and the federal government could restrict speech that related to government overthrow
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
this case outlawed capital punishment in the united states
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
this case re-instated capital punishment in the united states
schenck v. united states (1919)
a case that established the doctrine of "clear And present danger" as it applied to speech
new jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)
a case requires that school officials use the standard of reasonable suspicion rather than probable cause when carrying out a search
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