Ap Government Exam
Last Modified: 2011-07-20
Related Textbooks:Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy (13th Edition)
2) Natural Rights
3) King's Wrongs
- The average age was 41
- They were wealthy men
- Most were lawyers
- They were planters, and business owners
- They had fought in the Revolution
- They were slave owners
- Many had served in state government *the constitution will cater to their needs.
2.) to no one would peek and eavesdrop and so that the delegates can talk freely about what the changes needed to make and not worry that outsider will listen to what they are saying. (spies)
- The current Congress was maintained, but granted new powers - for example, the Congress could set taxes and force their collection
- An executive, elected by Congress, was created - the Plan allowed for a multi-person executive
- The executives served a single term and were subject to recall based on the request of state governors
- A judiciary appointed by the executives, with life-terms of service
- Laws set by the Congress took precedence over state law
- the executive- override president veto, impeach president, senate ratifies treaties, senate confirms all appointments of office
- the judiciary- impeachment of judges, determines # of judges, propose amendments, confirms all official appointments
- the legislature- can veto proposed law, appointive power for members of congress/ senate.
- the judiciary- can refuse to enforce supreme court decisions, pardoning power, appoints judges.
- the executive- determines if orders are constitutional.
- the the legislature- determines if laws are constitutional.
- basic legislation
- executive action
- federal court decision
- political party practices
- civic duty
- individual responsibility
Vietnam and Watergate- lied to the people about what was actually going on.
Mostly mistrust political leaders and their policies.
- internal- confidence in ability to understand and participate in our political system.
- external- belief that the political system cares about us and will respond to our needs.
- students read more
- participate more in organizations
- professors more liberal, fewer teaching restrictions
- The longer in college, the more liberating the experience.
conservative- protestants. Want personal salvation.
Social status is not influential because most jobs are white collar and an increase in the # of jobs that require a degree or additional training.
- African Americans- liberal
- Hispanic (Mexican)- liberal
- Hispanic (Cuban)- conservative
- Asian- both, but slightly more liberal
- Conservative- south, south west, w of Mississippi to mountains, Alaska.
- Liberal- west coast, Hawaii, north east, upper Mississippi.
political spectrum- range of political attitude and beliefs divided into groups(radical, liberal, moderate, conservative, and reactionary) factors, willingness to accept change and spectrum.
retro- change back to policy position of the past(strong conservatives, reactionaries)
- large national gov w/ control over many areas of society- less state gov decision making
- progressive change
- more tolerant- protect minority rights
- provide programs to help groups/ requires higher taxes
- smallest ideological group in the US- 23%
- most satisfied with society
- progressive change that doesn't disrupt society
- have both liberal and conservative views
- votes for candidate, not just for ideology or party
- more former republicans than democrats
- largest ideological group- 40%
- smaller national gov/ all on state and local gov make more decision making
- slow progressive change to policies, not institutions
- defend political system from both foreign and domestic threats
- supports military/ security spending
- favors less gov intrusion in citizens lives
- provide fewer social programs/ lower taxes
- hold traditional values/ religious
- 37% of citizens
- goal of elections US- win Euro- promote party issues
- US- 3 parties elected Euro- all 5 ideologies elected
- US- power divided between national and state Euro- National only
- US- 2 party Euro- multi party
- US- winner takes all Euro- % seats = % of votes
*unconventional- protest, civil disobedience, violence, riots*
- socialize and institutionalize political activity
- provide legitimacy- they are almost accepted as a fair and free method of selecting political leaders
- provide a regular access to political power
*Initiative petition- requires signatures = to 10% of voters in last election*
Significance- First peaceful transition of power, flaws of electoral college, 1 vote for president, 1 for vice.
Significance- change from democrat to republican, Florida recount.
Significance- first black president, first woman to run as a republican candidate.
Religion and property qualifications were removed in 1810 and 1850.
Grandfather Clause- exempted people from taking literacy tests if their grandfathers were eligible to vote in 1860. Write Primary- south, kept blacks from voting. Literacy tests- unfair tests. Poll tax- pay to vote
* double # of voters, 80% of population, w/o changing election results.
1850- 40% of population
1920- 80 % of population
today- 100% of Americans.
modern turn out- 57%
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