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Treaty of 1795 in which Native Americans in the Old Northwest were forced to cede most of the present state of Ohio to the United States.
An armed movement of debt-ridden farmers in western Massachusetts in the winter of 1786-1787. The rebellion created a crisis atmosphere.
Group of leaders in the 1780s who spearheaded the drive to replace the Articles of Confederation with a stronger central government.
Conference of state delegates at Annapolis, Maryland, that issued a call in September 1786 for a convention to meet at Philadelphia to consider fundamental changes.
Proposal calling for a national legislature in which the states would be represented according to population.
Proposal of the New Jersey delegation for a strengthened national government in which all states would have an equal representation in a unicameral legislature.
- Plan proposed at the 1787 Constitutional Convention for creating a nation bicameral legislature.
Supporters of the Constitution who favored its ratification.
Opponent of the Constitution in the debate over its ratification.
Act of Congress that implemented the Judiciary clause of the Constitution by establishing the Supreme Court and a system of lower federal courts.
A power implied in the Constitution that gives courts the right to review and determine the constitutionality of acts passed by Congress and state legislatures.
Apart from the few selected industries, this first tariff passed by congress was intended to raise revenue and not protect American manufacturers from foreign competition.
Basic law passed by Congress in 1790 which stated that the United States would regulate trade and interaction with Indian tribes.
Treaty with Britain negotiated in 1794 in which the United States made major concessions to avert a war over the British seizure of American ships.
The sharing of powers between the national government and the states.
Diplomatic incident in 1798 in which Americans were outraged by the demand of the French for a bribe as a condition for negotiating with American diplomats.
Undeclared naval war of 1797 - 1800 between the United States and France.
Collective name given to four acts passed b Congress in 1798 that curtailed freedom of speech and the liberty of foreign residents in the United States.
Favoring the rights of individual states over rights claimed by the national government.
The right to vote in a political election.
Case of the midnight judges
Established judicial review
Marshall court decision
Maryland tried to tax the BUS
BUS declared constitutional
Missouri added as a slave state, Maine as free
All land north of 36 degrees prohibit slavery
Jackson did not win electoral college but did win the majority vote.
Henry Clay threw his support to JQ Adams
Called the "corrupt bargain"
Father of the public school system.
Political party that stemmed from the old Federalist party
Encouraged banks and corporations.
Transcendental essayist and lecturer.
Essay entitled "Self Reliance"
Published "The Liberator"
Died of pneumonia a month after inauguration.
Social Reformer who worked to help the mentally ill.
Argued before the Mass. state legislature.
2 groups with most of the immigration in the 1840's and 50's.
Belief that America was destined to expand to the Pacific
Term coined by John O'Sullivan
The Manifest Destiny was an emotional upsurge of certain beliefs in the US in the 1840's and 1850's. Citizens of the US believed they should spread their democratic government over the entire North America and possibly extend into South America. The campaign of 1844 was included in this new surge. James Polk represented the Democrats while Henry Clay was nominated by the Whigs. The campaign and mudslinging was as harsh as ever and spread all over the continent.
2 women leaders.
Organized the Seneca Falls Convention
Invented the cotton gin
Created the idea of interchangable parts.
An after-thought Vice President to William Henry Harrison in the election of 1840. He was a democrat but switched over to the Whig Party because he didn't like Andrew Jackson. After Harrison died after a month in office, Tyler took over. Since he was a Democrat in his principle he was against many of the things the Whigs tried to do. He became the first Vice President to take office because of a presidents death.
American and Mexico were on unfriendly terms with each other. The disagreement came over boundaries along Texas and in California. John Slidell was sent to Mexico in 1845 as a minister, He was given instructions to offer $25 million to the Mexicans for California. He was rejected by the Mexicans and they called this offer "insulting". After Mexico refused it lead to the Mexico American war.
Old Fuss and Feathers, led American troops in Mexico City during the Mexican American War Mexicans surrendered to him
Lord Ashburton was sent by England to Washington in 1842 to work things out with Secretary Webster over boundary disputes. He was a nonprofessional diplomat that was married to a wealthy American woman. Ashburton and Webster finally compromised on the Maine boundary. They split the area of land and Britain kept the Halifax-Quebec route.
A major general from 1846-1847 in the Mexican War. Known as "Old Rough and Ready," he defeated the Mexicans in a campaign that took him to Buena Vista in Mexico. The victorious campaign helped pressure the Mexicans into peace.
Nicholas P. Trist
Chief clerk of the State Department, 1848; arranged armistice with Santa Anna; signed Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo; secured Texas and other land as American territories. p.285
James K. Polk
American Army officer in the Mexican War. In 1846, he led 1700 troops over the Santa Fe Trail to Santa Fe. He conquered New Mexico and moved his troops over to Los Angeles. He was defeated by the Mexicans at San Pascual in 1846. He was arrested for refusing to carry out orders and sent into Mexico, where he died in 1848
A representative from Pennsylvania who introduced an amendment that would make slavery illegal in territory to be gained from Mexico. He proposed the amendment in 1846. This amendment was at the center of the slavery debate and inflamed both sides.
Ship captain who explored the Oregon territory in the late 1700's Discovered the Columbia River in 1792. Named the river after his ship
A captain and an explorer who was in California with several dozen well-armed men when the Mexican War broke out. He helped to overthrow the Mexican rule in 1846 by collaborating with Americans who had tried to raise the banner of the California Bear Republic. Fremont helped to take California from the inside.
Passed in 1845 by President James K. Polk gained a majority of the two house congress and formally invited Texas to become the 28th state.
a compromise over the Maine boundary; America received more land but England got the Halifax-Quebec route; it patched up the Caroline Affair of 1837
A protective tax that was used to create more money for the government. It was reluctantly passed by President John Tyler. The tariff was made to get the government out of a recession
Bear Flag revolt
a revolt from Fort Devenworth to Santa Fe; 1846; John C. Frement- Americans in California wanted to be independent of Mexican rule; when the war with Mexico begin these Californians revolted and established an independent republic; hoisted short lived California Bear Flag Republic
Mexico sold the United States all of the southwest for 15 million dollars in agreement that the rights and religion of the Mexican inhabitants of this land would be recognized by the United States government. It was drawn up by Nicholas P. Trist and sent to congress. The anti slavery congressmen passed the treaty and signed it on February 2nd, 1848.
It was over the Maine boundary dispute. The British wanted to build a road from Halifax to Quebec. It ran through land already claimed by Maine. Fights started on both sides and they both got their local militia. It could have been a war, but it never proceeded that far.
tariff reducing tariff devised by Robert J. Walker during James Polk's presidency; reduce Tariff of 1842 by 7%;1846
Dispute over whether any Mexican territory that America won during the Mexican War should be free or a slave territory. A representative named David Wilmot introduced an amendment stating that any territory acquired from Mexico would be free. This amendment passed the House twice, but failed to ever pass in Senate. The "Wilmot Proviso", as it became known as, became a symbol of how intense dispute over slavery was in the U.S.
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