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patrons that were loyal to the king
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. The leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere. Responsible for Boston Tea Party.
the meeting of delegates from five states in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1786 to consider a common policy for trade among the American states that resulted in a recommendation for a constitutional convention the following year.
· Survey of townships 6 miles square
· Each township divided into 36 lots, 1 mile square (640 acres)
· Land sold in 640 acre sections $1 per acre min. Developers sells it to Individuals.
· Profits from sale of 16th section reserved for school supports, 4 sections set aside for govt use.
under the Tenth Amendment, the powers
not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, or
prohibited by it to the States, that are reserved to the states or
to the people.
Burr was a running mate with Thomas Jefferson in 1800. They tied for the presidency of 1800. Jefferson won the run off. became vice president of jefferson Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a famous duel. He was tried and acquitted for treason involving a plan to separate the US and combine with Spain.
Burr was a running mate with Thomas Jefferson. They tied for the presidency. Jefferson won the run off. Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a famous duel. He was tried and acquitted for treason involving a plan to separate the US and combine with Spain.
1789 free slave living in great Britain. Wrote his account of his experience in captivity. Recounted his seizure in the Gambia region of Africa and his transportation on a slave ship to British Caribbean. Because of him we know how African slave trade life was and the horrors and inhumane treatment among the western civilization.
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, in this case the Judiciary Act of 1789.
Burr was a running mate with Thomas Jefferson. They tied for the presidency. Jefferson won the run off. Burr killed Alexander Hamilton in a famous duel. He was tried and acquitted for treason involving a plan to separate the US and combine with Spain. John Marshall found him not guilty of treason because he wanted to upset thomas jefferson who wanted aaron burr killed.
Poet that wrote "The Star Spangled Banner" in 1814 during the War of 1812. Written while watching Americans defend Fort McHenry. The poem has become an important part of American identity.
An effort to regain the lucrative West Indian trade, which the British had closed after the war, this act stated that all cargo between American ports must only be carried in ships entirely owned by American citizens or belonging to West Indian merchants, Protects cotton trade from foreign competition, Reaffirmed by the Jones Act
- Andrew Jackson recieves more electoral and popular votes but not the majority
- the House of Reps chooses John Quincy Adams because Henry Clay pursued them
- Jackson's followers accuse Adams of a "Corrupt Bargain" when Henry Clay was named Sec. of State
- basically Adams wins!
Set the border between the U.S. and Canada at the 49th parallel (or latitude), the border should be open and friendly, also affirmed U.S. rights to fisheries along Newfoundland and Labrador.
Social scandal (1829-1831) - John Eaton, Secretary of War, stayed with the Timberlakes when in Washington, and there were rumors of his affair with Peggy Timberlake even before her husband died in 1828. Many cabinet members snubbed the socially unacceptable Mrs. Eaton. Jackson sided with the Eatons, and the affair helped to dissolve the cabinet - especially those members associated with John C. Calhoun (V.P.), who was against the Eatons and had other problems with Jackson.
Bill passed by the Congress in 1833 that allowed the U.S. president to use the Army and the Navy to collect federal tariff duties.
REPUBLICAN. He fought in the Spanish-American War where the U.S. fought against the Spanish to give Cuba independence. He also constructed the Panama Canal. KNOWN FOR STRENGTHENING US NAVY!!!!! MADE FAMOUS BY SPANISH AMERICAN WAR!!!!
Led a raid starting from Kansas to Harpers Ferry, Virginia
Raided arsenal planning to give weapons to slaves
Was captured at Harpers Ferry and charged for murder and treason
Sentenced to death and was hanged
National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) (618-9)
*the Ottoman Empire (turkey)
End Child Labor,Labor Rights,Direct Primaries
Recalls,Referendums,Limits Power of Courts &
Minimum Wage for Women
Wilson's 1912 platform: antitrust, tariff reductin, support for small business/enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated/unmonopolized markets. Democrats shunned the social-welfare programs and supported the fragmentation of trusts.
The Underwood Tariff, substantially reduced import fees. Lost tax revenue would be replaced with an income tax that was implemented with the 16th amendment.
(June 1914) heir to throne of Austria...was in Sarajevo (Bosnian Capital) when shot and killed along with his wife, Sophie by members of the Black Hand- this started WWI
-expanded army during peace and wartime
-fourfold expansion of the National Guard
-the creation of an Officers' and an Enlisted Reserve Corps,
-Creation of ROTC
-The President was also given authority, in case of war or national emergency, to mobilize the National Guard
-empowered the President to place obligatory orders with manufacturers capable of producing war materials.
US soldiers during WWI “doughboys” name fromshape of buttons looked like doughnuts
woodrow wilson (us)
georges clemenceau (france)
david lloyd george (great britain)
vittorio orlando (italy)
“Irreconcilables”/ Henry Cabot Lodge / “Reservations,” 1919
· Lodge used hispower to delay a ratification vote and made amendments to the League limitingUS obligations. Wilson went on a speaking tour to get support for ratification,then he got a stroke. US never ratified the TOV b/c Wilson wouldn’t acceptamendments so the US signed a separate treaty with Germany to end WWI.
opposed LON bc it would change american indepedent foreign policy
was the Secetary of the Interior, that was involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal in 1924. He presuded Edwin Denby to transfer conrtol of naval oil reserves to his department. Falls granted private leases for exchange of cattle, money and loans. Fall was later convicted of accepting bribes and was jailed.
3. Kellogg-Briand Act - Frank Kellogg -- outlaw war entirely, to end war
- Kellogg Briand Pact 1928 -- nationswould never go to war unless its for self-defense.
- But there was no enforcement mechanismto make it work.
- You would have to be willing to go to warto keep others from breaking the treaty.
American architect. Influenced by the aesthetic principles of Asian archtecture, combined with steel and glass. Ideas of: interconnecting interior/exterior space, uninterrupted space through cantilever/structural steel frame use, "Prairie School" of architecture, interlocking planes, contrasting textures, interpenetrating solids/voids, landscape/house,
American Modernist abstract painter. Focused on bringing clarity to pieces of American landscape, enlarged flowers and bleached animal bones. Fluid line-style that distills the essence of the subject.
One of most influential American composers
Reduced Germany’s yearly reparations, made payment dependent on German economic prosperity, and granted large loans from the US to promote recovery.
inspired int'l agreements on tariffs/trade
a mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during WWII
2 cities in Japan where President Truman decided to drop atomic bombs on, Led to Japan's surrender and the post war non nuclear principles, Hiroshima was hit first, Hit after Japan refused to surrend and accept Potsdam Declaration; American B-29 bomber that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945.
(1919-1991) the soviet party- Lenin, stalin
-Theory: classless society where no one owns private property; all aspects of the economy are controlled by the government
-actuality: the party elite are a de facto upper class
First General Secretary of the Communist Party
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
Hyper nationalistic and militaristic
-believed that your country is the best. In Nazi Germany, it was race
Want pure and strong nation, not equality, unlike communism
Democratic (succeeded FDR, then elected in 1948); Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Containment policy/Cold War; Marshall Plan; Integration of military, GI Bill; Establishment of Department of Defense; Berlin Airlift
Leader of brilliant American, British, and European scientists who actually created the bomb.
International peacekeeping organization, founded in 1945 to provide security to the nations of the world
During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the U.S. conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan
B-29 plane that dropped the 1st atomic bomb - flown by Paul Tibbetts
the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War 2 , called "cold " because it never escalated in to open warfare.