Mystical form of Islam that incorporates magic and trance into the practice of the faith. Mystics of this branch of Islam spread their beliefs throughout the Indian Ocean.
Capital of Peace and Tranquility in Japan.
Overthrew the Yuan dynasty and reestablished civil service exams; undertook an impressive campaign of exploration under Zheng He, but then turned attention inward; maintained a favorable balance of trade by exporting huge amounts of goods to the West.
Movement of African peoples out of the Sahara region and into southern Africa between 1500 and 100 BCE; a major source of cultural diffusion, including the spread of language and cattle-raising techniques.
or harakiri; is ritual suicide by self-disembowelment on a sword; practiced by samurai in the traditional Japanese society
Writings of ancient India that gave rise to Hinduism as well as other Indian philosophies.