APE Exam Vocabulary Review
Last Modified: 2011-07-19
(1618-1648) Biggest of the European wars of religion caused by the Protestant Reformation. Broken down into four stages go to http://www.thecaveonline.com/APEH/thirtyyearswar.html Ends with the Peace of Westphalia which allowed kings and princes to decide if their nations would be Calvinist, Lutheran, or Catholic, begins the decline of the Holy Roman Empire, leaves much of Germany in ruins
1415-1650- Period of huge advances in geographical knowledge and technology. Led by Portugal and Spain will eventually lead to European dominance of the seas
"Rump" normally means the hind end of an animal; its use meaning "remnant" was first recorded in the above context. Since 1649, the term "rump parliament" has been used to refer to any parliament left over from the actual legitimate parliament.
July 1793-1794; the radical phase of the French Revolution; Committee of Public Saftey carries out mass executions to eliminate enemies of the revolution and carry out the creation of a "republic of virtue"
Five-man legislative body established in France following the Reign of Terror; incredibly corrupt and inefficient; overhtrown by Napoleon's coup d'etat in 1799
Period between Napoleon's 1799 overhtrown of the Directory and his ascention to emperor in 1804
Napoleon's attempt to destroy the British economy to make Britain easier to conquer, by disallowing trade between Britain and continental Europe; did not work due to Britains large overseas empire and inconsistancy in implementation across Europe
Founder of Utilitarianism
All mankind is under the dominance of two masters: Pain and Pleasure- Peoples lives are chiefly influenced by these two factors, and a persons day is catergorized by them.
Said that humans are pleasure seeking organisms.
Avoid what gives you pain.
active in french rev. of 1848. Believed in what he calledsocial workshops .a sort of combined co-operative society and trade-union, where the workmen in each trade were to unite their efforts for their common benefit.
-Monarchs returned to their thrones
- Repressive laws, required German states to take liberal ideas out of their universities and newspapers
- Limited liberalism and enhanced conservatism
- became king after Louis XVIII
- (conservative) in favor of absolute monarchy (autocrat)
- tried to eliminate liberalism but the liberal party one by a landslide.
- tried to take even more power people, mass riots broke out, then Charles abdicated the throne.
- aka "Three Glorious Days"; overthrow of Charles X (Bourbon)-->his cousin Louis-Philippe( Duc d'Orléans)constitutional monarchy (Bourbon)-->July Monarchy (Orleans); popular sovereignty for hereditary right; caused by 1) anger w/ Louis XVIII by Bourgeosie for July Ordinances 2) fear of republic
- Elected president of the French Second Republic
- Made himself emperor of France
- Lost the France-Prussian War of 1870
- Motivated by “adventurism”
the 3rd republic was threatened by the arrival of General Boulanger, popular war minister **
boulanger attempted a coup d'etat w/ monarchist support---> failure ** Results: Boulanger fled the country 2) discredited the monarchists 3)strengthened the republic
ruled Russia during the chaotic period of the Napoleonic Wars. Favored a return to christian ideals. believed in divine right of monarchy.
-crushed Decembrist Revolt
-tried to bring back Russian Orthodoxy, autocracy, and nationalism
- Came to power at the end of the Crimean war
- Freed serfs
- New judicial system
- Reorganized judicial system
646 elected members
More powerful house
Fulfills 3 core parliamentary functions: passing laws, providing financing, and scrutinizing government and public administration
- suffrage for all men, annual parliamentary elections, secret ballot
Revolt of sepoys against british because of mistreatment and racism disregarding Indian culture and customs. Leads to the dissolution of the British East India Company and the establishment of the British Raj
Represented Britain at the Paris Peace Conference; hoped to bring reparation money home to Britain
-Oct 1925, Germany, France, and Great Britain signed the Locarno Pact in which Germany and France promised to respect their mutual borders, and Germany agreed to accept the permanent demilitarization of the Rhineland.
-As a result Germany joined the League of Nations.
Prime Minister who replaced Neville Chamberlain as leader of Britain following the Munich agreement; led Britain through WWII; delivered inspiring speeches during the Battle of Britain to maintain nationalism; coined the phrase "Iron Curtain" in 1946
French general fled to England to set-up govt in exile
of the country, mainly in Ukraine.Despite that, the Germans were pushed back from Moscow and could never mount an offensive simultaneously along the entire strategic Soviet-German front again.
Secret meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill during WWII began the discussion of what the post WWII world would look like; upheld free trade among nations and the right of peole to choose their own government
An organization of nations founded in 1945 to serve as a channel for negotiation and a means of settling international disputes peaceably. Group of UN that has super power – security counsil, they are UN policy, regardless of what everyone else wants. 5 member nations in the security counsil, US, Great Britain, Russia, China, France
- But nation fell apart at his death with old hostilities and prejudices ending with war
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