Psychopathology: Psychological disorders Abnormality Deviation from average/ideal Inability to function effectively Sense of personal discomfort Perspectives on Abnormality Medical Psychoanalytic Behavioral Cognitive Humanistic Sociocultural The DSM-IV Descriptive system that stipulates the criterion by which psychological problems are diagnosed Diagnostic Labeling Is useful to have a system of diagnosis that everyone agrees on Allows professionals to communicate Creates consistent definitions for research Allows us to quickly identify best treatments Gives hope and understanding to clients Are dangerous in labeling also Rosenhan study Experiment where random people were asked to go to the emergency room complaining of a single voice in their head saying, ?empty hollow gun.? They were all admitted to psychiatric wards as schizophrenics Self-fulfilling prophecy Can lose sense of person as anything but their disorder Anxiety Disorders As a group, all anxiety disorders are characterized by anxiety that is excessive or unrealistic and that impairs functioning Phobias (specific or social) ? irrational, persistent fears Panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Somatoform Disorders Psychological difficulties that cause physical reactions but don?t have a biological basis Hypochondriasis Conversion Disorder Somatization Disorder Dissociative Disorders Breakdown in the usually integrated functions of memory, perception, identity, and consciousness Dissociative Amnesia Depersonalization Disorder A person?s perception is distorted ? an experience of being separated from oneself Dissociative Identity Disorder (Formerly Multiple Personality) Dissociative Fugue Mood Disorders Major Depression Severe form of depression that interferes with concentration, decision making and sociability Symptoms: Sleep disturbance Hypersomnia Hyposomnia Anhedonia Dietary disturbance Extreme weight loss or weight gain Statistical Facts: Women are twice as likely to experience depression as men 6%-10% of U.S. population clinically depressed Onset of depression is getting younger and younger Today?s generation is 3 times more likely to develop depression that previous generations Mania An extended state of intense, wild elation. Symptoms: Intense happiness Power, invulnerability Increased energy Bipolar Disorder A person alternates between periods of euphoric feelings of mania and periods of depression
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