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Def: The practice of businesses providing welfare-like services to employees. A paternalistic system of labor relations focusing on the well being of the employees.
Sign: In a way to avoid labor unions, companies let gave employees vacations, higher wage, shorter week hours.
Def: Low paying service occupations, with many of the same problems as manufacturing employment.
Sign: Jobs for working class women included, secretaries, sales clerks, telephone operators.
Def: Founder of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, a union led by an African American. (representing all black work-force)
Sign: Overtime, he won gains such as increased wages, shorter hours and others. He enlisted the union in battles for civil rights for A.A.
Def: A shop which no worker could be required to join a union. The right of workers to join or not join a union in order to work.
Sign: Employees of companies are not required to join union or pay dues.
Def: A complicated formula for setting an adequate price for farm goods and ensuring that farmers would earn back at least their production cost.
Sign: Supporters urged high tariffs against foreign agricultural goods and gov. commitment to buy surplus crops and sell them abroad.
Def: The shift of the economy from heavy industry to consumer goods.
Sign: Many people were purchasing necessities but also goods for their pleasure such as cigarettes and watches, and automobiles. (30 million cars)
Def: Magazines were distrubuted nationwide
Sign: It changed the pace of moral attitudes of people and was able to spread information and ads across the entire population.
The Saturday Evening---1871
The Reader's Digest----------1921
Def: Designated to advance the business of making movies. Will Hays was the boss.
Sign: This developed a rating system for movies that paved the way for future cinematography.
Def: Provided the first network of radio stations to a mass audience.
Sign: First national radio network. Later expanded into television. 1923, 500 radio stations covering the country.
Def: Middle class women became more engaged in husband's social life. They devoted more attention to clothing and cosmetics.
Sign: Less willing to allow children to interfere with marriage, and making love was became pleasure. Like families today.
Def: The pioneer of the American birth-control movement. Began by promoting birth control devices to working class women.
Sign: She wanted to help large families, enjoy having sex but also not create any more children, to escape poverty.
Def: Russian immigrant and political radical who had agitated for birth control before WWI.
Sign: She inspired Margaret Sanger and her birth control movement.
Def: Margaret Snager encouraged the use of birth control to help reduce poverty in large familes.
Sign: Birth control devices began to find a large market among middle-class women, but some techniques remained illegal in many states.
Def: Young women who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting. They wore short hair, dresses, red lipstick.
Sign: They went against what women were supposed to do. Smoked cigarettes, drank bootleg alcohol, drove fast cars.
Def: A public venue which people from various classes could come for entertainment.
Sign: This became very popular among the younger generations.
Def: A jazz dance featuring vigorous acrobatic feats.
Year:1930' & 1940's
Sign: White version of the Black Lindy Hop. Was danced in dance halls where many people attended and danced.
Def: League formed advocating for women's rights, among them the right for women to serve on juries and equal pay laws.
Sign: Encouraging informed voting and social reforms.
Def: I An organization founded by Alice Paul that fought for women's rights in the early 1900's, particularly the right to vote.
Sign: They campaigned for the equal rights amendment.
Def: An act that provided direct primary care to economically challenged mothers and children.
Sign: This started to promote health and welfare but Alice Paul opposed the classified all women as mothers. Funds were cut off in 1929.
Def: The idea that the youth culture was a separate culture.
Sign: This idea included the idea that adolescence was a distinct period in life of an individual. This extended the time of training and preparation necessary before a young person was ready to move into the workplace.
Def: I First man to fly solo across the Atlantic.
Def: Refers to the post-WWI generation, specifically a group of US writers who established their literary reputations in the 1920's.
Sign: Famous artists such as Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway. The generation was considered “lost” in the sense that its inherited values that were no longer relevant in the postwar world.
Def: Journalist from Baltimore who published magazines called "Smart Set" & "American Mercury".
Sign: He ridiculed democracy, religion, arts, and mostly politics.
Def: American novelist, short story writer, and playwright.Wrote "Main Street" and "Babbit".
Sign: He was a social critic who ridiculed American conformity and materialism. Was the first to earn a Novel Prize in Literature.
Def: A member of the lost generation. Coined the term jazz age to describe the 1920's.
Sign: Ridicule the American obsession with material success in "The Great Gatsby". (1925)
Def: Progressive education reformer, who believed in "learning by doing".
Sign: Founded the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago to test his ideas in practice.
Def: Influential American historians that wrote during the 1900's. "The Rise of the American Civilization" (1927)
Sign: The book had a major influence on American historians. The book also stressed the economic factors involved in the development of modern society.
Def: A literary and artistic movement celebrating black culture. A gathering which black artists and musicians gathered to rebirth of the A.A. culture.. In Harlem, NY.
Sign: This had a deep and lasting effect on the development of some of America's most important cultural and artistic traditions.
Def: A famous African-American writer and poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote the "Weary Blues".
Sign: "I am a Negro and beautiful." He was an important contributor to the Harlem Renaissance Wrote poetry of his people and his poetry reflected the language and music of his culture.
Def: One of the leaders of the Harlem Renaissance who assembled a notable collection of black writings published in 1925, "The New Negro".
Sign: Believed in eliminating prejudice and pride. Also believes in that blacks should rid themselves from sharecropping.
Def: Prohibiting the manufacture, distribution, import, export, sale, and consumption of alcohol.
Sign: Prohibition reduced drinking but it also produced conspicuous and growing violations, that made the law very controversial. 1933---18th amendment
Def: A Chicago gangster, head of the Chicago bootleggers.
Sign: Built a criminal empire based on illegal alcohol He liked alcohol.
Def: There was a law that cut immigration from 800,000 to 300,000, but Nativists weren't satisfied. The National Origins Act banned immigration from east Asia entirely.
Sign: Nativists wanted only WASP people, only white Anglo-saxon protestants They didn't want immigrants flooding America.
Ku Klux Klan
Def: The old Klan during the Reconstruction had died in the 1870's. A new Klan was established targeting not only blacks but Catholics, Jews, and foreigners as well.
Sign: The new Klan grew rapidly with the largest membership of the Klan in Indiana. 1924--4million
Def: The law which restricted immigration by establishing a national quota system. It banned immigration from east Asia entirely.
Sign: The act cooled the Nativists. Discriminated against immigrants from South and East Europe and Asians.
Def: Classic Hollywood film which glorified the KKK of Reconstruction days and defamed both blacks and Northern carpetbaggers.
Sign: Directed by D.D. Griffith, was a silent drama film.
Def: A form of Protestant Christianity that upholds belief in the strict and literal interpretation of the Bible, narratives, prophecies and moral laws.
Sign: The movement teaches that traditional Christian doctrine should be just accepted and that the bible is true.
Def: Trial of John Scopes, Tennessee teacher accused of violating state law prohibiting teaching of theory of evolution
Sign: Nationally celebrated confrontation between religious fundamentalism and civil liberties. Religion vs. Science.
Def: Republican: Calvin Coolidge
Democrats: John David
Progressive: Robert LaFollette
Sign: Only 52% of people registered to vote. Rep. Coolidge wins.
Def: Herbert Hoover (Rep), Alfred Smith(Dem), Normal Thomas (Soc),
Sign: Hoover wins!
Def: Republican, Senator from Ohio
Sign: His weaknesses: gambling, illegal alcohol, and attractive women. His administration was full of scandaled men and spoils system.
Def: I Political scandal in which Sec. Albert Fall accepted to bribe to allow private companies to drill oil from federal oil reserves
Sign: The scandal highlighted the rampant corruption in the administration of President Harding.
Def: Republican President after Harding
Year:1924 - 1928(elected)
Sign: The second passive president of the 20's allowing the nation to develop socially with very little resistance. Believed in limited gov. that stood aside while business did their affairs.
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