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Def: FDR used the radio to report about his programs and plans to the people, which helped build confidence in the administration.
Year: 1932 (FDR's Presidency)
Sign: This was a way to calm and alleviate the pain and suffering of the American people during the Great Depression.
Def: FDR proclaimed a "Bank Holiday" in which all banks were closed and the Treasury Department inspected the banks before they could reopen. Banks who were financially "fit" could reopen to the American public.
Sign: This provided Americans of hope for their futures.
Def: This amendment repealed the 18th amendment Ends prohibition, people could now drink alcohol.
Sign: Alcohol was then legal. With each state passing different laws about selling, making, and using alcohol.
Def: Paid farmers to reduce their production. (redistribution of wealth) Gross farm income quickly increase by 1/2 in the first yrs of the New Deal. Destroy extra livestock, make stable prices.
Sign: Its purpose was to reduce overproduction, and surplus since the market was down, while also stabilizing farm prices. People were surprised.
Def: The government would pay farmers that kept a portion of their land not in use. (frozen)
Sign: This was a way to decrease surpluses and a way to earn money by not planting. Helped increase farm prices.
Def: The act established industrial fair practice codes to stabilize and revive ind. economy. Also, set minimum wages in industries, right to unionize.
Sign: This act was considered unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
Def: This act set minimum wage (40c) and maximum work hours to 40. 7a, said that workers could unionize.
Sign: This FAILED since industrial production declined after it was established. SC declared this unconstitutional.
Def: Through the NRA, under the leader of Hugh Johnson. Called a "blanket code" : 30-40 cents minimum. wages, 35-40 hours per week, no child labor.
Sign: Set comfort to Americans, set a set of rules that applied to each business.
Def: Agency which was part of the New Deal. It delat with constructing dams, and providing electricity and flood control for people in the Tennessee River Valley.
Sign: For people in the region, it was their first time of having electricity in their homes.
Def: The Administration employed millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects. This redistributed food, clothing, housing.
Sign: Public works, a relief effort. It was the largest and most ambitious in the New Deal.
Def: Government agency which guaranteed bank deposits, therefore protecting both the depositors and banks.
Sign: A This helped insure bank deposits, and helped America recover from the Great Depression.
Def: Established to police the stock market. This helped enforce fairness and honesty in ensuring the nation's security markets.
Sign: The establishment of SEC was an indication of how far the financial establishment had fallen in public estimation.
Def: Money given by government to states to help the bankrupt relief agencies.
Year:1930's (Great Depression)
Sign: A This was ran by Emergency Relief Administration Helped both the people and banks. The "dole" couldn't reach everyone though.
Def: Programs that gave people who were in need of money jobs. Government provided jobs, 4 million people with public works jobs.
Year:1930's (New Deal)
Sign: This gave people the ability to earn income and sustain themselves in America during the GD.
Def: T Program which provided 4 million jobs to people to work on temporary projects. Such as construction of schools, roads, parks,
Year:1933-1934, proposed by Hopkins
Sign: A This provided direct federal work relief on emergency projects and cut unemployment.
Def: Recovery program, designed to give single men ability to work all over the US. They moved from camps to build roads, parks, trails. Half of their money was sent home to families and half was given to them.
Sign: A form of relief for the country. (1$ per day) It was the most highly praised New Deal relief program.
Def: An organization which tried to help farmers with their housing & other payments.
Sign: Administration tried to ensure that mortgages would be paid on at least some families (too much work to do)
Def: An organization formed by wealthier conservatives of FDR whom opposed the New Deal Policies.
Year:1934 first formed
Sign: The group was unable to expand, only to N Industrialists, who opposed the policies a little. They aroused the public, they wanted to fight "socialistic" New Deal schemes.
Def: California Physician who supported federal pensions for the elderly.
Sign: A His plan: Americans 60 year over would receive a pension for the gov. of $200/month. This idea led to Roosevelt creating the SSA.
Def: Also known as the "Radio Priest". He was a Catholic priest with weekly sermons. He wanted to change the banking and currency systems. And ensure the economic justice by proposing monetary reforms.
Sign: Many people listened to the radio specifically him, he became popular.
Def: Senator from Louisiana (D). He didn't think FDR was going far enough, so he wanted to redistribute the riches of the wealthy to the poor people.
Year:1928 (elected governor)
Sign: A He wanted to raise the taxes for the wealthy, established the Share-Our-Wealth Society. He might have ran against FDR.
Def: A period of legislation that extended the gov. oversight in banking and other areas.
Sign: This changed how the country went into the future, FDR decided to change the Second New Deal, he was getting bad feedback from the first one.
Def: Federal administrative agency, which has 2 goals. To prevent and remedy unfair labor practices and oversee union elections.
Sign: A This helped unskilled laborers organize labor unions and the CIO.
Def: T A labor union that brought together laborers, skilled or not, who worked in an industry
Sign: Steelworkers--Single Steel Union, Autoworkers---single autoworkers union. United in this way workers greatly increased their power.
Def: Also known as the CIO, Created by John Lewis. An alliance of industrial unions that organized drive the mass production industries.
Sign: A Secured economic freedom and industrial democracy.
Def: A union of auto workers that tried the sit-down strike tactic.
Sign: Becoming one of the most successful unions, received widespread support.
Def: Employees in several General Motors plants in Detroit sat down refusing to work, preventing company from using strikebreakers
Sign: This was one of the most effective ways to protest, and received female support. It was controversial but effective.
Def: T Steel workers striked against, Republic Steel, killing 10 and injuring 80. Picnickers showed support for strikers.
Sign: A The steel company succeeded and the strike was suppressed. Americans praised police because they were fed up with the unioners.
Def: T Part of the New Deal, working people pay taxes to provide money for the elderly.
Sign: A Set up pensions for older people, set up unemployment insurance, and gave stated $ to support children w/ disabilities.
Def: Gov. program provides cash payments for a limited time to people who are out of work for a reason other than illness.
Sign: A Helped the American people, who lost their jobs to sustain their lives before finding a new job.
Def: This began a massive program of large public works; relief efforts
Sign: Largest and most ambitious New Deal agency. Employed millions of workers for public works projects, especially the arts, literature, musicians.
Election of 1936
Def: Franklin Roosevelt (D) vs. Alf Landon (R)
Sign: FDR wins by a landslide, 61% of vote.
Def: A major shift by voters from one party to another that occurs when one party becomes dominant in the political system. Starts to control the presidency, Congress and many state legislatures.
Sign: Starts to control the presidency, Congress and many state legislatures.
Def: President FDR's unsuccessful proposal to permit the appointment of additional justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Sign: Outcome: increased the size of the Supreme Court and changed the balance of the opinion in the court.
Def: Roosevelt Recession was a result of many factors. (People think it was part of bad legislation on FDR's part.
Sign:Even though all the blame was pinned on FDR, he rose up and made more legislation.
Def: The New Deal made the gov. into a broker state, role of gov. to work out conflict between interest groups.
Sign: American businesses faced increasing power of labor movements. Strengthened interest groups and allowed them to compete more efficiently in national marketplace.
Def: FDR's unofficial advise
Sign: Group of African Americans appointed by FDR. Eleanor didn't want African Americans to be excluded in the New Deal.
Def: Replaced the Dawes Severity Act. Affirmed the integrity of Indian Cultural Institution.
Sign: Returned some land to tribal ownership It was led by John Collier.
Def: Part of FDR's administration , appointed the Secretary of Labor. She was a former Hull House worker.
Sign: First woman cabinet member, in the Secreatry of Labor.
Def: Wife of FDR, did most of FDR's work in other countries. First woman to address at the national political convention. Promoted New Deal, AA Equal Rights.
Sign: A Played a significant role in the presidency of FDR, was one ambitious and loving first lady.
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