It refers to the separate legal courts pertaining to "personal law" under which communities were allowed to rule themselves under their own system. Speaks to an awareness, exists into middle of 19th C.; make sure religion didn’t become an obstruction.
an example of why the Millet System does not work. First real sign that the Ottoman Empire faced significant power from within.Attempted to control a lot more of the Mediterranean border.
a 19th century general of Egypt. Enforced old tax policies in order to finance cost of occupation. Encouraged European trade and the influx of Christian missionaries into Lebanon and Syria as a means of gaining European support against Ottoman demands for withdrawal.
Hatti Sharif of Gulhane
Issued by Abdul Medjid in 1839; imperial edict calling for equal rights of all Ottoman subjects and reform to the justice system. Beginning of Tanzimat.
The reordering of society, the rcreation of a new system intended to enable the Ottomans to strengthen themselves internally and resist further threats to their frotniers.
Statford de Redcliffe
British ambassador influenced Hatti Sharif. Believed forms were necessary if the Ottomans were to prevent Russians from taking Bosporus Strait. Hoped it would make Eastern European areas under Ottoman control embrace Ottoman citizenry, rather than separation.