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_______ is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross.
In art iconography, a skull or skeleton is called a ___________, and is meant to remind us of our mortality – life and happiness are fleeting.
If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is _______.
If a painting’s subject matter is recognizable but not faithful to our visual experience we say it is ___________.
Iconoclasm means the ________ of images based on religious beliefs.
Which of the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”?
In painting and drawing, this term describes the use of light values to create volume in a two-dimensional form.
of blue and orange is an example of a _____________ color scheme.
In the Mona Lisa, Leonardo painted a landscape in the background that gets progressively hazier and less distinct to show depth of field. This technique is called ______________.
A monochromatic painting is one that is ____________.
Picasso’s Woman Holding a Fan is an example of _______ art.
Art that “fools the eye” is called ____________.
When we speak about the way a work of art looks – size, shape, materials, color and composition – we are speaking of its _______.
This kind of line communicates a feeling of calm.
Parallel lines receding into the distance seem to converge, until they meet at point on the horizon line where they disappear. This method of describing distance on a two dimensional surface is known as _________. It was rediscovered during the Renaissance.
The use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as ________ scale.
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as _____.
What is the binder in tempera?
In fresco painting, a drawing called a ________ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment.
The painting technique used in the first century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is _______.
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to _______.
Sometimes mistakenly credited with its invention, the first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was __________.
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescoes for him?
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same original design, each individual print is called a(n) ________.
A daguerreotype was an early photographic method created using a ________.
The Dada movement was formed as a reaction to ________.
Who was considered to be the Father of modern photojournalism?
The printing press was invented in Europe in which century?
A _______ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
Review and know how to distinguish between relief sculpture and sculpture in the round.
Which of the following conceives of a space and everything in it as a total work of art?
High-relief sculpture is different than low-relief sculpture in that _________.
Contrapposto (meaning counter poise or counterbalance) was developed by _______ (as a pose for sculptures of the human figure).
Be able to identify a contrapposto pose in a figure in painting or sculpture.
Serpent Mound and Spiral Jetty are known as _______.
Using a steel framework with masonry sheathing, the ________, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building.
The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the ______.
Be able to identify images of each of the following:
a Roman arch
an International Style building
the parts of a Gothic Cathedral
The Robie House is an expression of Frank Lloyd Wright’s _______ architecture.
To compensate for the natural visual distortion in which tall columns appear to bend inward, the Greeks gave them a slight bulge, which is known as _________.
Which culture influenced the early Greeks in their figurative types?
Be able to identify an image of the following:
A classical Greek figure
A Hellenistic figure
Soaring open spaces, pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and stained glass windows are characteristic of:
Abbot Suger’s church near Paris, Saint-Denis, is the first _____ church ever built.
The medium used to decorate the interior of most Byzantine churches is _____.
Medieval sculpture is stylized rather than naturalistic because:
In Neo-Platonic thought (and many Renaissance paintings), the Biblical character of Eve was identified with _____.
Skilled crafts workers to intellectuals
One of the effects of the Renaissance was to change the status of artists in Europe from ______.
The word renaissance means _________.
The term “renaissance man” has come to mean _______.
Northern European Renaissance artists began using the system of linear perspective _______.
The significance of Lorenzo d’Medici to Renaissance art was as _________.
The movement that divided all of Europe into Protestant and Catholic camps is called _________.
What was the point of the anamorphic figure in Holbein’s The Ambassadors?
Mannerism differs from High Renaissance in style how?
Which of these paintings was intended by the artist to create the image of a martyr for the French Revolution?
Compared to Baroque art, the style of the Rococo may be seen as ____________.
Northern Renaissance and Baroque paintings depicting scenes of everyday life and common people are known as ________ paintings.
What was one of Peter Paul Rubens best-known stylistic devices?
Why was Artemisia Gentileschi’s paintings of Judith and her Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes popular during her lifetime?
What pictorial elements did the Caravaggisti adopt from their Master?
The following characteristics are all typical of Italian Baroque art EXCEPT...
Rembrandt’s paintings are highly valued because he paints _______.
One of the most influential buildings of the architect Francisco Borromini was ________________.
What did Nochlin site as the reason there have been no Great Women Artists?
One of Queen Marie-Antoinette’s favorite portrait painters was __________.
Which event helped inspire the Neoclassical style?
Early itinerant American painters of middle-class Colonialists were called _____.
The style of the American 19th century Luminist painters can be associated with which contemporary literary and philosophical movement?
Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories of the unconscious?
In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused on _______________.
A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was ____________.
The manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by ________ artists.
How did Impressionism get its name?
Paul Cézanne’s emphasis on structure in painting seen in painting “passages” was a direct influence in the development of _________.
Orientalism was an subset of which movement?
Vasili Kansinsky is considered to be the first truly __________ artist.
Who was the originator of Realism?
True or False: Manet exhibited with the Impressionists.
Why did the public have such strong objections to Millet’s The Gleaners when it was shown in the Salon of 1857?
Edouard Manet “borrowed” the composition of his painting Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) from ____________.
What did the Baron Haussmann contribute to modern Paris?
Manet and the Impressionists were interested in __________ as subject matter.
Who developed pointillism?
If Fauvism’s mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, Cubism’s initial aim was __________.
Precisionism was born out of American painter’s _______.
Which artist is associated with images of the Great Depression?
Zora Neal Hurston, Langston Hughes, Jacob Lawrence, and Aaron Douglas were all associated with ________________.
The term New York School refers to a postwar art movement that _____________.
This genre was 19th c. American painters answer to European History painting.
The Women series of paintings by Willem de Kooning caused controversy in the art world because they were ____________.
The term "action painting" refers to the fact that this new type of painting ___________.
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