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African-American artist Faith Ringgold records the story of her life and dreams on a Harlem rooftop. Her painted memories are depicted within the framework of what?
The 19th century painter Jean-Francois millet wrote, “I try not to have things look as if chance had brought them together, but as if they had a necessary bond between them. “ Here, the artist is expressing his quest for what in his art works.
Picasso protested the horror and brutality of the Spanish Civil war in his 1937 masterpiece painting known as?
An anit-commercial movement begun in the 1960’s in which works of art are conceived and executed in the mind of the artists is known as?
Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain is a readymade, produced from an upside-down?
Images painted directly on a wall or intended to cover a wall completely, such as Jose Clemente Orozco’s Epic of American Civilization; Hispano-American, are known as?
In his famous 1907 photograph, Alfred Stieglitz captures the juxtaposition of the upper and lower classes on board the Kaiser Wilhelm II ship. This photograph is titled?
The use of space and atmosphere in Max Beckmann’s the Dream could be best described as?
Claustrophobic and compressed.
Henri Matisse and Romare Bearden both utilize what to create order and harmony in their versions of Piano Lesson.
Color and shape repetition
Judy Chicago’s triangular installation called the Dinner Party was constructed to honor and immortalize?
History’s notable women
Marc Chagall’s self-portrait I and the Village can best be described as a depiction of?
Located in stanbul, Turkey, the ______ was built as a Christian church in 532-537 CE but was converted to an Islamic mosque in 1453 and now serves as a museum. It’s ______ is especially wondrous, appearing to float on light streaming through it’s row of windows.
In Betye Saar’s The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, the artist is protesting the use of Aunt jemima as a?
In Nighthawks, Edward Hopper’s desolate scene of late night diners in a city café, the scene seems to be set in the period of the?
Using their signature combination of the body and braided hair, the Gerlovins created a modern revision of ____________, one of the most popular themes of the Renaissance.
Light against dark or dark against light create visual differences in ___________
Diagonal lines are often used to _________
In Emily Mary Osborne’s Nameless and Friendless, __________visually connect and lead the viewer’s eye around the composition
_____________ create the illusion of roundness or three dimensionality through the use of light and shadow on a two-dimensional surface.
________ are formed when intersecting or connected lines enclose space.
The ____________ shape of an artistic composition is considered the background.
The process of organizing the visual elements to achieve a desired aesthetic in a work of art is knows as__________
Leonardo da Vinci’s Proportion of the Human figure can best be considered an example of __________
Leonardo da Vinci’s Proportion of Human Figure
Unlike two-dimensional compositions, three-dimensional objects such as sculptures often have _______
The compositional unity of Thomas Hart Benton’s Palisades derives primarily from ________
Curvilinear shapes and lines
The device of _________ to create unity is reflected in the ages of the youth, their ethnicity, and their suggested bond of friendship in Delilah Montoya’s Los Jovenes (Youth)
The form of an artwork includes all of the elements that make up the composition except ______________
_____ refers to the portrayal of people and things as they actually are, with no idealization or distortion.
___________ refers to distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.
Roy Lichtenstein’s Forget it, Forget Me! Is an example of Pop Ar that has the visual appearance of a _____
In expressionistic art, the artist intentionally distorts colors and forms in the composition in order to achieve a _______
The binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint is known as the _______
What is not considered an additive sculptural process
The traditional composition of tempera, rarely used today, consisted of _____________
Egg, pigment, and water.
Intaglio prints are made from ________ into which lines have been incised.
Rembrandt copied _______ but added some additional features to his own sketched version
Leonardo da Vinci’s Last supper
The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to _____________
Rapid sketches and preparatory studies.
The botanical whimsies of __________ are considered some of the finest examples of Art Nouveau glass.
Louis Sullivan’s rigid horizontal and vertical processions of façade elements that suggest the regularity of the spaces within his Wainwright Building reinforce Sullivan’s famous motto that ___________
“Form follows function”
The faces of Faith Ringgold’s soft sculpture Mama Jones, Andrew, Barbara, and Faith are reminiscent of _________
The primary purpose of _________ is to preserve memories of persons or events.
The Gothic, pointed arch church of Nortre-Dame of Paris is bathed in light due to its ample _______
William Henry Fox Talbot’s first “photogenic drawings” were eerie, delicate photographs of ______, produced from a ____________
The advent of the camera replaced the age old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the development of 20th century artistic __________
For the Gates, Christo and Jeanne- Claude installed ________ throughout Central Park in February of 2005
Saffron colored fabric panels.
Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother is a touching photograph taken during the period of ____________
Broadly defined, ________ is the art of running an implement that leaves a mark over a surface.
The oldest known type of ink is India or China ink, made from a solution of _________
Carbon black and water.
True fresco, or _______, is executed on damp _____________
Buon fresco; lime plaster.
In silverpoint drawing, the drawing surface must be coated with a ground of __________
Bone dust or chalk mixed with gum, water, and pigment.
One of the best preserved ancient Roman aqueduct system is the ________ near Nimes, France. The ________ of the limestone blocks allowed for the weight of three tiers of arches.
Pont du Gard; compressive strength
Miriam Schapiro’s Maid of Honour is paint and fabric construction that she labeled ________
Higher quality photographs are said to have a higher _____________
The oldest form of printmaking is ___________, and most likely the fist people to use it were the ancient ____________
Walter de Maria’s The Lightning Field is considered a spectacular example of ______________.
In the lost wax process, molten metal is poured into a fire resistant mold known as a ____________
The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean ____________
In the _____________ process, the artist creates clean cut lines on a plate of copper, zinc, or steel by forcing sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand.
Lithography, invented in the beginning of the 19th century by a German playwright, is a planographic, or ________, printing process in which a ________ is used.
Peter Testa believes we “need to rethink how we assemble buildings” and has designed a high rise tower out of _____________
Many of the artist Chuck Close’s unidealized portraits, such as self portrait/conte crayon, are based on a _________, which produces blurry photographic likenesses.
Grid transfer process.
Native American potter Lucy M. Lewis produces her finely made Acoma Pueblo pots through the laborious process of _________
In both the camera and the __________, light enters a narrow opening and is projected onto a photosensitive surface.
William Wegman’s Blue Period is a canine spoof on ____________
Picasso’s Old Guitarist
Due to its___________, clay is frequently used to make three-dimensional preparatory sketches for other sculptures.
Andy Goldsworthy’s Ice piece was produced using __________.
In the Gothic period, _________ assumed a new role of importance in art and architecture.
The Virgin Mary
The Baroque era was born in _________, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the _____________
The Dying Lioness from Nineveh is an example of ________, the most common art form in Assyria
Carved stone reliefs depicting war and hunting scenes.
As the Gothic period progressed, all of the following architectural innovations occurred except __________
Exterior walls appeared heavier.
The Yoruba from Nigeria make elaborate masks and headdresses for use in ceremonial performances known as _________, which combine music, dance, and fanciful costumes.
Considered a true Renaissance man, ________ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences, anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world’s best loved paintings.
Leonardo da Vinci
Much of ancient Egypt’s art and many of it’s monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____
Death or worship of the dead.
The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible.
Arch and concrete.
Spain was one of the wealthiest European countries during the Baroque and lavishly supported the arts, at least partly due to ________
An influx of riches from the New World.
The San Vitale apse mosaic Justinian and Attendants is characterized by all of the following except_______
That Justinian is by far the largest figure.
All of Rembrandt’s paintings, drawings, and prints seem to focus on__________
Introspection and psychological situations.
One of the earliest and most famous “fertility” figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ______
Venus of Wilendorf
Which of the following statements concerning Diego Valazquez’s painting technique is false.
He favored idealized, classical figures.
For his bronze statue of David, the first life-size nude since classical times, Donatello chose ______ as a prototype.
An underdeveloped adolescent boy
Although the Mayans, Incas, and Aztexcs of Meso-America all made great advances in their civilizations prior to the arrival of the Spanish, they also all shared the practice of ________
The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or “the measure of all things, “ a concept known as _______
Although no female artists are recorded in Greek art, the vase called women working wool ion a loom is evidence that ______ was an important art form for women.
In his creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most _______ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam.
Dramatic negative space.
The great pyramids at Giza were built with massive blocks and _______
Surfaced with white limestone.
Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter’s?
The Sistine Chapel
The term Labyrinthine well describes the huge, sprawling Palace at Knosso and the term comes from the myth of the _______
During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except _____________
Spirituality and otherworldliness
The word ______ is derived from the French and means rebirth
Although the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris was begun in the Early Gothic period, later modifications led to high gothic style developments such as the _______
Elimination of the triforium and use of flying buttresses.
In Jean-Honore Fragonard’s Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of the Rococo and depicted in the painting except. _______
Classically inspired facial features.
For the Paleolithic Hall of bulls cave painting, artists used all of the following techniques except ________
Painting with a bronze knife blade
As seen in Tintoretto’s The Last supper, his _________ anticipates the Baroque style.
Loose brushwork and dramatic white spotlighting.
During the ______ period of Greek art, an architectural format was developed that served as a model for all later Greek temples. The central room of the temple was known as a _______
During the classical period, _______ became the center of Greek art and culture under the dynamic statesman _________
In the late years of the Roman Empire, the realism and idealism that had characterized Roman figural sculpture was replaced by a ________
Delicacy and attention to detail.
The Islamic Great Mosque at Djenne in Mali is based on the model of Muhammad’s home in Medina and exhibits all of the following characteristics except ______
A single tower rising in the center of the structure.
The iconography of the stylized, doll-like figures on the Weighing of Souls tympanum from the Cathedral of Autun was intended to convey ________
Fear and repentance.
The massive dome of the Hagia Sophia appears to be light and graceful do to ______
Light filtering through arched windows at it’s base
Much of the art of the Hellenistic period, like the Dying Gaul, illustrates that period’s preoccupation with _____
High drama, unleashed passion, and theatrical excess.
The Neoclassical style is characterized y all of the following except ______
An emphasis on heightened moral standards.
In Robert Rauschenberg’s combine painting the Bed, he uses a ______ as his canvas
Quilt and pillow
In Constantin Brancusi’s sculptures, such as Bird in Space, he reached fro the essence of the subject by _____
Finding the simplest form that, along with title, would fire recognition in the viewer.
In his eroticized Two Women’s Torsos, Willem de Kooning combines biomorphic, organic shapes with harsh, jagged lines; however, we also see that he is one of the few Abstract expressionists who never completely surrendered ______ painting.
Fr4ancisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his _____ one of the most famous of which is the Third of May, 1808.
Graphic representation of man’s inhumanity to man
Hans Hoffman is considered a key post war transitional artist whose paintings, such as the golden wall, were influenced by _______
Fauvist coloring and Cubist design
Henri de Toulouse – Lautrec’s deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in ______, as depicted in at the Moulin Rouge.
The cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris
In Cuban artist Alexandre Arrechea’s Architectural Elements II, his primary theme seems to relate to _______
A sense of quiet desperation
The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to______ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting ______ from a variety of angles, during different times of the day and seasons.
Claude Monet’s; Rouen Cathedral
Matthew Barney, considered by Stephen Holden of the NY Times to be “the most important artist of his generation, “ is best known for his Cremaster series of ________.
The works of Giorgio de Chirico, such as the Mystery and Melancholy of the Street, are characterized by all of the following except _________
Figures rendered in a realistic manner.
________ was an American Expatriate painter who spent most of her life in France primarily painting scenes of women and children
The Neo-Expressionists of the 1980s revived and embraced the gestural and experimentational methods of the Abstract Expressionists but they added the dimension of ________ to their work.
Narrative and content
The setting of Edouard Manet’s reclining nude figure of Olympia is a
Bordello of the Parisian demimonde
Like many of Arshile Gorky’s later paintings, The Liver is the cock’s comb is composed of unstable, organic shapes that remind us of _____________
What was modern about the “new” art of the late 18th century in France was it’s concept of _________. The first period of modern art to use planar recession was __________
Mark Rothko is renowned for his ___________
Large, hazy-edged color field rectangles
The American photographer ___________ first supported the development of abstract art in America by exhibiting moder European works alongside American art in his ___________
Edward Steichen; Little Gallery on 5th Ave.
Swiss artist Pipilotti Rist was the first artist to adapt a ______ aesthetic and her most common subject is ________
Music-video; her own nude body
In his _________, Vincent van Gogh’s vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.
The Die Brucke painter Emil Nolde painted Dance Around the Golden Calf, a lush, colorful, frenzied depictions of a _______
Biblical event related to the worshiping of an idol by the Israelites.
Mexican artist Enrique Chagoya has sketched portraits of world political figures cast in the roles of ___________
Snow white and the Seven Dwarfs
_________, once called the “most ambitious pieces of jewelry since the crown jewels,” is a diamond encrusted skull by British artist Damien Hirst.
For the Love of God
Indian artist Subodh Gupta’s Silk Route is composed entirely of __________
Jeff Koons used _________ to produce his highly polished Elephant sculpture.
Cubism was heavily influenced by Paul Cezanne in all but one of the following ways:
Intense interest in native African and Iberian sculpture.
In 1913, the groundbreaking ___________ was held in New York City and dominated by avant-garde European artists who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work at the exhibition was Marcel Duchamp’s __________, which was dismissed as a “pile of kindling wood.”
Armory show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2
Francis Bacon’s Head surrounded by sides of beef is a raw and distorted reworking of ___________.
Velazquez’s Pope Innocent X
Anselm Keifer’s paintings and monumental sculpture all reflect the heavy weight of his consciousness as a ________
Henri Matisse consolidated all of the following influences into his Fauvist canvases except __________
The stark realism of Courbet
In Umberto Boccioni’s Dynamism of a Soccer player, we see the _______obsession with illustrating images in perpetual motion.
In Wasily Kandinsky’s sketch I for composition VII, all of the following elements are found except _______
A mood of impending doom and despair.
Which of the following is not an example of globalization?
New York is the center of the world.
Gustave Courbet’s manifesto reads “To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them – to be a man as well as a painter – in short to create a living art – that is my aim.” Courbet is considered the father of __________.
One major source of inspiration for Jean Michel Basquit’s art works was ________
the process by which different protections in the bill of rights were incorporated into the fourteenth amendment, thus guaranteeing citizens protection from state as well as national governments
the establichment clause; the free exercise clause; freedom of the press
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