Art 185 notes 11-04-09 Claudius?emperor from 41-54 His third wife, Agripina the younger. Aqueduct built by Claudius (aqueclaudia): Ponte Du Garde in southern france : One level was a roadway, and the top level was an aqueduct. It carried the water to the city of neme. Porta Maggiore: Two roads from different cities pass through this gate then merge together. The top sections of the gate carry two aqueducts. One is the aqueclaudia. So: it is a city gate for 2 roads it is also an aqueduct carrying 2 aqueduct channels the first instance of the use of rusticated masonry. Domus Aurea: Had a centralized dome room, with an oculus to illuminate it: All the vaulting is done is poured concrete. There was a giant hole in the back yard for mock naval battles. Nero committed suicide in 68. A brief civil war followed The year of the 4 emperors: 69AD. Flavian period/dynasty (69-96): Founder of the dynasty was vespasian. Nero got mad at Vespasian for falling asleep at one of his performances, so he sent Vespasian to Judea to conquer the jews and bring them under control. Vespasian reigned from 69-79. Vespasian was declared emperor in 69. He traveled to Rome He put his oldest son Titus in charge. Vespasian arrived in Rome in 70. that year, his son Titus finished Vespasian?s conquest while he was gone. He then went to rome, bringing all the spoils of the Jewish war. Titus brought his brother, Dimitian, to Rome. Vespasian distributed coins?his face on one side, his two sons on the other side. Titus returned to Rome with treasures from Judea in 71, giving the family stability. Vespasian then uses that money to make the Flavian Amphitheatre (Coliseum): Paid for with money from the conquest of Judea. Finished under the reign of Titus, Vespasian never lived to see it finished. Approx. 600 ft long and 500 ft wide. Rises to a level of 140 ft. Could seat approx. 50k people. Had a gigantic canopy supported by ropes that could be opened and closed over the seating area. Every different section on every level had its own staircase to the outside to solve congestion/crowding around exits. balance between height and width use of the roman arch order (flanking with engaged columns). First surviving building from Rome to show the superimposition of the three classical orders, on different levels 1st?doric, 2nd?ionic, 3rd?corinthian. Velarium?the top of the coliseum that could be opened or closed, a retractable awning.
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