Paintings that consist of three painted panels, such as The Annunciation [Mérode Altarpiece] by Robert Campin, are called:
With the technique of fresco secco, as illustrated in the Ajanta Buddhist caves, the artist:
applies the paint into fresh plaster making the painting very durable.
How did Xu Wei, with paintings like Grapes, change traditional Chinese watercolor painting?
He introduced a more free-form and expressive style.
Helen Frankenthaler and David Hockney both created large shapes with _______. Frankenthaler diluted it and poured it on her canvas to create abstract organic shapes; Hockney brushed it on his canvas to create large representational geometric shapes.
What is the main advantage of using oil paint over other paint media?
It dries slower allowing for more naturalistic development.
the accurate representation of appearances
Why did Giotto organize his murals in the Arena Chapel in panels?
to create fresco segments that could be completed before the plaster dried
The _____________is the substance in paint that holds the particles of pigment together and often defines the characteristics of the various painting media.
Watercolor painting is such a spontaneous process that many people think of it as:
a form of drawing.
Winslow Homer's A Wall, Nassau was made using:
Marcia Gygli King's Springs Upstate is different from traditional painting in that:
it projects into three-dimensional space.
What is the binder in "encaustic" painting?
Andrew Wyeth's Braids illustrates the detail the artist is able to achieve using the medium of _______.
Abstraction in painting came about because of a growing interest in _______.
When an artist paints with a mixture of watercolor pigment and Chinese white chalk, the process is called:
Craft becomes art when the object ______ the material from which it was made.
Stained glass was first developed:
in the 12thcentury, commissioned by Abbot Suger for Saint-Denis
Historically, the distinction between arts and crafts was based on purpose: art for _______ purposes and craft for _______ purposes.
What technique was used in creating Tutankhamun Hunting Ostriches from His Chariot?
repousse and embossing
Judy Chicago’s _______ is an iconic ceramic installation from the 70’s that commemorates 39 important women from history whose contributions were often overlooked.
The Dinner Party
Blades and beads are the earliest objects created from _______ as early as the Paleolithic.
_______ is the primary process for creating overall form and surface design in wood.
The Bent-Corner Chest is carved from cedar, a wood that is native to which region and favored by Native American artists there?
the Northwest American coast
We can trace the earliest distinction between the crafts and fine arts to:
Josiah Wedgwood, who in 1759 began manufacturing both cheap earthenware table settings and elegant hand-made luxury items.
Typically, a ceramic object will be painted with a(n) to give it a glassy appearance after firing.
Native Americans used a traditional method for producing pots that did not involve the potter's wheel. What was it?
_______ is the defining characteristic of fiber that allows it to be woven for two-dimensional work or three-dimensional work.
Porcelain reached its height of refinement in
Fiber arts can be considered to be a three-dimensional medium because textiles
1. are used to fill space.
2. are an extraordinarily textural medium.
3. lend themselves to sculpture.
Originally, when an artist worked in "the crafts", it meant that they:
produced functional objects.
Glassblowing into a mold was first pioneered by the _______ in the 1st-century BCE.
Louis Sullivan utilized this type of construction in the late 19th century in Chicago to build increasingly tall buildings.
steel and reinforced concrete
Frederick Olmsted conceived of a residential community outside the city, but within commuting distancE, that became an integral part of American life. What was it?
Which of these is not a basic principle of "green architecture"?
buildings that make maximum use of energy supplies like coal and nuclear power
To stand out from the vast sameness of the "world metropolis," cities favor competition to foster innovation and creativity for their monumental construction projects. The success of ______ stands out in this process as seen through projects such as the Turning Torso Residential Tower in Malmø, Sweden.
St. Sernin and Amiens Cathedral drew their inspiration from architecture that had been built some 1000 years prior. They are called ____________cathedrals.
Gustav Stickley’s _______ is an example of the new "democratic" domestic architecture of the early twentieth-century that was inexpensive and simple to build.
The "look" of our buildings and communities (p. 348) depends on two different factors and their interrelation. What are those factors?
environment and technology
The Romans perfected which architectural innovation by the end of the first century bce?
When and why were the Pyramids at Giza built?
roughly 4500 years ago to be used as tombs and monuments for deceased pharaohs
Which of these previous architectural styles does Emilio Ambasz's ACROS building most resemble?
Notre Dame Cathedral, in Paris, is an example of _______ architecture.
The Pont du Gard, in Nîmes, France, is an excellent example of a(n) _______ method of construction.
The Anasazi cliffside caves at Mesa Verde show the roofs of two _______, which are the underground space for ceremonial life.
The basic technological challenge for architecture is to
construct upright walls and put a roof over the empty space created.
This building, designed by Tom Wills-Wright, was recently built in ___________, which is one of the world's present hot-spots for extravagant and monumental architecture.
It is thought that the sloping sides of the pyramids in Egypt were intended to mimic:
the rays of the sun.
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