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is a process similar to kneading dough, it loosens the clay circulating its moisture throughout.
Process of incising shallow grooves into surface of wet or leather hard clay in cross-hatch pattern before applying slurry and joining pieces.
Porous firebrick with insulating values much higher than hardbrick.
Hard, dense firebrick generally used only in high-stress areas of kiln (floor, burner ports, flues, bagwall) and for corrosive firing processes (salt, soda, wood).
Highly refractory secondary clays with minimal fluxes and usually fairly coarse particle size - Low shrinkage, buff-color, often non-plastic.
What kind of harmful substance does it have in it?
a steel needle for engraving on a bare copper plate without acid
a print resembling a watercolor, produced from a copper plate etched with nitric
an image produced from a photographic negative transferred to a metal plate and etched in.
a steel needle for engraving on a bare copper plate without acid.
is a circle-shaped opening in a lens (a hole, really) through which light passes to strike the film. The size of the aperture is expressed as an f-number, like f/8 or f/11.
An obsolete photographic process in which a picture made on a silver surface is sensitized with iodine; and developed by exposure to mercury vapor.
The distance between the nearest and furthest objects in a photograph that are considered to be acceptably sharp.
Controls the duration of an exposure - the faster the Shutter speed, the shorter the exposure time.
A measurement of film’s sensitivity to light. More sensitive (faster) films have higher ISO numbers and require less exposure in order to make a properly-exposed picture.
A method of painting, which uses pigments melted with wax and fixed or fused to the painting surface with heat.
The principle in oil painting that suggests each layer of paint should contain more oil than the one beneath. Awareness of this concept helps ensure permanence.
is the traditional size for fabric support on panels. It seals porous fabric and isolates it from ground or oil paints.
meaning to rub a crayon or other tool onto paper or other material, which is placed onto a textured surface, in order to create the texture of that surface on the paper.
Italian term meaning smoke, describing a very delicate gradation of light and shade in the modeling of figures; often ascribed to Da Vinci's work.
an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something
having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level.
in art, the perception of depth in nature as enhanced by haze in the atmosphere; how the appearance of objects is altered over distance by the effects of the air between the viewer and the object
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (blacK). The CMYK system is used for printing. For mixing of pigments, it is better to use the secondary colours, since they mix subtractively instead of additively.
A type of modern sculpture consisting of combining multiple objects or forms, often 'found' objects.
art, as sculptural constructions, having movable parts activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means.
a skeletal framework built as a support on which a clay, wax, or plaster figure is constructed.
The first sketch of a picture or model of a statue.
WC is transparent. Gouache is opaque.
Camera Obscura Is an optical device used, for example, in drawing or for entertainment. It is one of the inventions leading to photography. What artist used this?
Jan Vermeer, Canaletto, Guardi, and Paulul Sandby
Egg tempera painting is second oldest medium after encaustic. It was used by the ancient Egyptians and Greeks and perfected by the icon painters during the last 100 years of the old Byzantine Empire (400 AD-1202 AD).
Mies Van der Rohe (and Lilly Reich).
Tapestry- were woven wall hangings. Embroidery-the art of working raised and ornamental designs in threads of silk, cotton, gold, silver, or other material, upon any woven fabric, leather, paper, etc., with a needle.
What area was characterized by these words – Heroic, Turbulent, and poetic
it’s was a luxury item, and used by the Early Christian artist for allegorical purposes.
What was the golden section in architecture?
Frank Lloyd Wrights Prairie house was influenced by what style?
Who is created with the first bronze statue since roman times
What type of art/painting needs to be covered in glass or sprayed
Acrylic paint was used in some type of printing one water or oil.
To loosen clay and circulate the moisture throughout and to remove the air
Why did the arts and crafts movement start in English education?
(mid 1800s) as a reaction against the mass-produced goods of the Industrial Revolution
standing, facing forward and stiff
appropriation art borrows common images from advertising, the mass media and elsewhere, places them in new contexts
The building of what palace was the start of Baroque?
Oxides held in a glass matrix. Glass
A measurement of film’s sensitivity to light.
wood and bronze
Color Field painting is a style of abstract painting in which dominates form and texture. * Helen Frankenthaler *Mark Rothko * Clyford Still * Sam Gilliam
Possibly due to the warring time that took place during the reign of Muslim religion. Art, although appreciated, was carry with and adorn such items as books and purses.
a dominant idea or central theme
Even heat distribution. super-durable, soakproof, cut resistant.
Seen as meditative art. Painting that explore the use of one color
Works of art and programs, funded by the US Treasury Dept, created to help provide economic relief to the citizens.
Jacob Lawrence, Diego Rivera, Aaron Douglas, Alice Neel, Thomas Benton, Edward Hopper, Ben Shahn,
Picked ribbed vault
What is the different between a Doric and Corinthian columns
Doric columns--they're thicker and shorter Corinthians column- have elaborate floral designs. Ionic columns-- are the tallest and thinnest of the three. They tend to have scrolls at the tops.
Harlem Renaissance artist who photographed Harlem
. A large earth mound found on the Ohio river would be form whatculture?
The difference between the elements of Design and the principals of design?
Elements of Art describe the art is being presented: form, value, texture, line, shape, color, form. Principle of Art considers the impact of the work: movement, unity, variety, balance, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern.
They were more interest in symbolic interpretation of the art instead of natural depiction.
French painter. One of the first 19th-century artists to approach modern-life subjects, he was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.
His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass (Le déjeuner sur l'herbe) and Olympia, engendered great controversy and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.
a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
A prolific draftsman who produced over 500 paintings, 4000 lithographs, 1000 wood engravings, 1000 drawings, 100 sculptures he was perhaps best known for his caricatures of political figures and satires on the behavior of his countrymen, although posthumously the value of his painting has also been recognized.
The October scene. were famous Dutch miniature painters from the city of Nijmegen. They were active in the early 15th century in France and Burgundy, working in the style known as International Gothic. They created what is certainly the best known late medieval illuminated manuscript, the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.
Marc Chagall- Cubism, Fauvism, Surrealism
De Chirico - pre-surrealism
Still life of oyster and wine glass. Claesz's still lifes often suggest allegorical purpose, with skulls serving as reminders of human mortality. The two men founded a distinguished tradition of still life painting in Haarlem.
an American essayist known mainly as an influential visual art critic closely associated with American Modern art of the mid-20th century. In particular, he is best remembered for his promotion of the abstract expressionist movement and was among the first published critics to praise the work of painter Jackson Pollock.
Chartes Cathedral, Gothic Cathedrals, and Romanesque Cathedrals – Know what is on them
flying buttresses, stained glass windows, etc.
Another name for a Buddhist temple
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