Who was the founder of the "New Rome" of the East?
The dome of the Hagia Sophia is supported by
Theodora's presence in the mosaic program of San Vitale indicates her importance and unique position within the court of Justinian. The representation of the Three Magi on the border of her robe also suggests she ____.
belongs in the elevated company
Justinian's position on the north wall of the apse of San Vitale is somewhat ambiguous. He appears to be slightly behind the bishop, yet the paten he carries overlaps the bishop's arm. This indicates the ____.
balance between Church and State
The nave of the Hagia Sophia was exclusively reserved for the clergy. The laity or congregation was confined to the aisles and galleries. Based on this information, what accounts for the symbolical unity of Church and State?
the emperor was the only layperson privileged to enter the sanctuary
What church combines the intricacies of Greek theology, the ambitious architectural scale of Rome, the vaulting tradition of the Near East, and the mysticism of Eastern Christianity in order to create a monument that is the summation of antiquity and the triumph of Christianity?
The images and symbols found in the sanctuary from San Vitale express the single theme of ____.
Christ's redemption of humanity
It is said the Ascension from the Rabbula Gospels is not an illustration of the Gospels but rather an illumination. Which of the following validates this assertion?
the presence of the Virgin
In place of images the iconoclasts used only symbolic forms already familiar in Early Christian art. Which of the following symbolic forms would be acceptable?
vacant Throne of God
The dome on the Katholikon, Hosios Loukas is formed by ____
The image of Christ as the Pantokrator refers to his role as ____.
In the cathedral of Monreale, a mosaic panel depicts William II standing next to the Enthroned Christ, who, in turn, places his hand on William's crown. Based on this theme, does this panel commemorate?
the divine right to rule.
In the semi-dome of the apse, the architectural focus of the cathedral of Monreale is another allusion to William's right to rule. Which of the following figures would support that allusion?
The so-called "Macedonian Renaissance" is reflected in the Paris Psalter. Which of the following supports this assertion?
It was inspired by Hellenistic naturalism of the pre-Christian world
What accounts for the fragmentary knowledge of Byzantine art prior to the ninth century?
Critical of the polytheistic religion of his fellow Arabs, Muhammad had all the idols destroyed; however, he preserved the Kaaba. Which of the following supports the reason for this preservation?
It is the Islamic world's symbolic center
What was the Hegira?
Muhammad's flight from Mecca
How is interior architectural space defined in the Muslim world?
by rearranging the carpets and cushions
It is said Muslims worship Allah directly without a hierarchy of clergy acting as intermediaries. However during communal gatherings, the imam would stand on a stepped pulpit or ____.
The coming of a new religion to Jerusalem, a city sacred to both Jews and Christians, is marked by a monument known as the ____.
Dome of the Rock
Sinan was born a Christian, converted to Islam, then trained in engineering and the art of building while still in the army. He was also court architect to Suleyman the Magnificent. Which of the following was his greatest achievement?
Mosque of Selim II
The mihrab is a semicircular niche set in the qibla wall; its specific purpose is still being debated. Some scholars have suggested the mihrab is referencing Muhammad. Which of the following best supports this suggestion?
It honored the place Muhammad stood when leading communal worship.
Which of the following is built over the spot from which Muhammad is believed to have ascended to heaven?
Dome of the Rock
The art of calligraphy, ornamental writing, was used to reproduce the sacred words of the Koran in as beautiful a script as possible. Which of the following would never appear in ornamental writing of the Koran?
stylized animal forms
The positioning of all mosques, no matter period or country, must be oriented toward which of the following cities?
The Malwiya minaret in Samarra was too tall to have been used to call the faithful to prayer and was clearly visible for a considerable distance. Which of the following is a possible explanation?
It announced the presence of Islam
The Saminid mausoleum from Bukhara can be said to be which of the following structure types?
dome-on-a cube form
The Great Mosque at Córdoba has a hypostyle prayer hall with horseshoe shaped arches adapted from which of the following?
The Ottomans developed a new style of mosque, which is a square prayer hall covered by a dome. Which of the following are characteristics of Ottoman mosque architecture?
geometric and formalistic
The Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad caliphs and established a new capital at ____.
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