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Art History Final - TCC
Art History Final - TCC
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Chauvet Cave is located in _____.
The word Neolithic means ______.
Representational images began appearing in Australia, Africa, and Europe beginning approximately ______ years ago.
In Europe, about 100,000 years ago, a well developed type of Homo sapiens emerged called ______.
The Lion-Human sculpture from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany is made of _____.
Walls in Neolithic architecture were generally woven branches covered with mud or clay, called ______ and ______.
The word megalithic means _____.
Around the year _____ BCE, prehistoric humans began firing clay in the form of vessels.
Bronze is an ally of ______ and _____.
The Greeks called _____ the "land between rivers."
The people known as the ______ were the first to develop in the area of Southern Mesopotamia.
The most impressive surviving archeological remains of the Sumerians is the _____.
Sumerians used the hard, rock _____ for identifying documents and establishing property ownership.
The city of Babylon straddled the _____ River; the two sections of the city were joined by a bridge.
King Tutankhamen's mummified body was enclosed in three nested coffins with the innermost made of _____.
The first large-scale "archaeological" expedition in history came with the landing of the French general, _____ in 1798.
Egyptian history is divided into _____.
The Egyptian life spirit or life force is called the _____.
A _____ is literally a "city of the dead."
_____ is the first architect known in history by name.
Egypt's most famous pyramids are the ones at _____.
The Great Sphinx is thought to be a portrait of _____.
A _____ is an oval form containing the hieroglyphic of the king's name.
The female pharaoh, _____ left the great legacy of Egyptian monuments.
The Great Hall at Karnak has ______ capitals on the columns.
The archaeologist _____ located and excavated Troy.
The half-man, half-bull son of Minos was called the _____.
The technique of painting on a wet plaster surface is called _____.
In about 1450 BCE, people from mainland Greece, called the _____ arrived in Crete and over took the Minoans.
The founder of the Olympian Games was the god _____.
The term, _____, as per the Greeks, applied to only those who spoke Greek.
The Greek myth of creation involved a battle between the earth gods, or _____, and the sky gods.
Doric; Ionic; Corinthian
The three orders of Greek architecture are the _____, _____ and _____ order.
A Greek male statue, usually nude, is called a _____ and is exemplified in figure 5-14.
The beautiful black-figure vase of Dionysos with Maenads (figure 5-20) by the Amasis Painter exemplifies a vase shape called an _____.
Alexander the Great
The Classical period of Greek art is framed by two important events: the 480 BCE defeat of the Persians and the death of _____.
The cross-balancing of supporting and free elements in a figure is sometimes referred to as _____.
The bronze Charioteer (figure 5-30) was found, basically in tact, because it had been buried after an _____ in 373 BCE.
The word _____ means a part of a city on top of a hill.
The first modern Olympic games were held in the city of _____ in 1896.
The Temple at Delphi (figure 5-2) was the sacred home of the Greek god _____.
The word _____ means Greek-like.
The temple of Hera I at Paestum (figure 5-7) illustrates the early form of a _____ order temple.
Clothed women in the form of columns are called _____ and are found on the Treasury of the Siphnians.
The legendary founders of Rome are _____ and _____.
round arch; vault
The two basic building techniques that the Romans relied upon were the _____ and the _____.
The Ara Pacis (figure 6-21) commemorates the triumphal return of _____ following establishment of Roman rule in Gaul and Hispania.
In 79 CE, Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried the city of _____ under layers of volcanic ash.
The Roman home generally consisted of small rooms arranged around one or two open courts called the _____ and the _____.
The Column of Trajan (figure 6-50) is a continuous pictorial frieze depicting the _____ campaign.
The word _____ literally means "all the gods."
Edict of Milan
In 313 CE, Constantine issued the _____ which was a model of religious tolerance.
In the first century BCE, the innovated use of _____ was considered to be a technological breakthrough.
The architect _____ described the accomplishments of the Roman builders in his Ten Books of Architecture.
In the Villa of the Mysteries (figure 6-30), artists used _____, or the tendency of distant objects to appear hazy and lighter in color.
The portrait, A Young Flavian Woman (figure 6-44), is exemplary of a _____ portrait.
The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius (figure 6-60) was mistakenly revered as _____ for many centuries.
The Etruscans built their homes around an _____ or a central courtyard.
The circular opening in the ceiling of the Pantheon (figure 6-52) is called an oculus. T or F?
The followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all _____, which means that the followers believe that only one god created and rules the universe.
During the early years, Christian communities were organized by geographical units called _____.
Early Christian buildings were based on two classical prototypes: rectangular Roman _____ and round-domed structures called _____.
Byantine art can broadly thought of as the art of _____.
The chronicler of Justinian's reign, Procopius of Caesarea, claimed that the dome of _____ hung on a "gold chain from Heaven"
The Church of San Vitale (figure 7-29) is in the city of _____.
As the Umayyad's established their empire, they developed their structures in the style of _____ and _____ architecture.
The Book of Kells was produced on _____, an animal skin prepared for writing.
_____ are people from outside the empire who could only "barble" Greek or Latin.
The City of God
The cornerstone of Christian philosophy is the text, _____.
The exchange of personal service and labor for protection became known as _____.
Charlemagne's private chapel was in the city of _____.
rune stones; picture stones
Vikings erected large memorial stones; _____ were the ones with inscriptions and the ones with figural decoration are called _____.
Ottonian artists worked in ivory, bronze, wood, and other materials, but not _____.
Someone who dies for their faith is called a _____.
Bologna; Paris; Oxford; Cambridge
Intellectual life in the Romanesque period involved the establishment of the first universities in the cities of _____, _____, _____, and _____.
Upon its 1130 completion, the church of _____ was the largest church in Europe.
The Bayeux Tapestry tells the story of the _____ conquest of England.
In the Gothic period, Thomas Aquinas made _____ the intellectual center of Europe.
Holes cut in the stone of the wall and filled with stained glass are called _____.
A variation of the Gothic style is known as the _____ or Court Style.
The city of _____ was a major center of book production in the Gothic period.
A _____ church is one that is characterized by a nave and side aisle whose vaults all reach the same height.
Palazzo Della Signoria
The governing body for the city of Florence met in the _____.
The city council of Siena commissioned _____ to fresco the city hall with scenes of good and bad government.
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