The Narmer Palette. Artist: Egyptians. Hierakonpolis. c. 2950-2775 BCE. Form: Palatte with ground lines and registers. Color is gray and has a semi oval shape. Content: Palette depicts the first King of Egypt, Narmer, uniting Egypt by defeating its enemies. The god Horus is helping Narmer out. On the other half of the palette, Narmer is wearing a crown and is symbolically uniting the two lands of Egypt. Context: The palette commemorates the unification of Egypt. Its audience is the Egyptians and portrays Narmer in a positive light. Function: To commemorate the unification of Egypt.
The Step Pyramid, and Sham Buildings, Funerary Complex of Djoser, Saqqara. Artist: Imhotep c. 2630-2575. Saqqara. Form: Step pyramid. Content: A tomb created for the King Djoser. The structure also features a funerary temple for priests to worship the King after he is dead. Context: Structure intended for the King's burial. The audience is the King, as well as the priests who worship there and the Egyptian people. Function; It serves as a burial place for the King. The steps also lead to teh sun god Ra, so the king could be closer to him.
Great Pyramids, Giza. Artist: Kings Menkaure, Kahfre, and Khufu. c. 2575-2450. Giza. Form: Pyramid shape. Content: Three pyramid tombs built for the three kings Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure. After each king died, their body would be placed here and family members could visit with offerings. Context: Intended for the kings use after he died. Function: Used as a burial place for the kings. Future Egyptians could remember the Kings because of the structure left behind.
Khafre. Artist: Unknown. c. 2520-2494 BCE. Giza. Content: Portrait of the King Khafre. Commissioned by the King himself. Shows the king on a throne with god Horus protecting him from the back of the throne. Context: The audience of this piece is the King Khafre since he commissioned it for himself. Function: To commemorate the King of Egypt, as well as to show his greatness.
Menkaure and A Queen. Artist: Unknown. 2490-2472 BCE. Giza. Form: Statue portrait of the King of Egypt. In the shape of a human body. Traces of red paint on the statue. Function: To honor the king and the queen. Content: The statue is of King Menkaure and maybe Queen Khamerernebty II. The King is wearing the royal kilt that symbolizes royalty. The queen is embracing him. Context: The audience of the work is the Egyptians and the King, who it was made for. It was made for political purposes.
Seated Scribe. Artist: Old Kingdom Sculptor. c. 2450-2325 Location: Saqqara. Form: Statue in the shape of a human scribe. Made from painted limestone. Function: To capture the image of a scribe and promote becoming one. Content: This is a portrait of a scribe who is sitting down and holding a papyrus scroll. His belly is flabby and he has an alert gaze. Context: This was made for the Egyptian people.