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the young aristocrats
What are confraternities?
lay people dedicated to strict religious observance
Which of the following was characteristic of the work of Simone Martini?
use of elegant flowing contour
The International Style illustrated rich color, intricate patterns, and weightless figures. Which of the following works depicts this style?
Which of the following is the sculptor whose work showed the greatest influence of the forms of classical antiquity?
What element did Duccio bring to the Maestà?
the modeled figures
He restored the naturalistic approach to painting as practiced in Antiquity. He inaugurated a method of pictorial expression based on observation. He revealed nature and its visible order. This describes which of the following artists?
Whose work is best characterized by the use of solid volumes resting firmly on the flat and horizontal surface of this earth?
The Roman fresco tradition can best be seen in the work of which of the following artists?
Jan van Eyck's Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride contains many symbols. Which of the following is an allusion to God?
Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry like many Books of Hours contains a calendar. This section of this manuscript in particular depicts which of the following?
What does the fountain created by Claus Sluter for the cloister of Chartreuse de Champmol symbolize?
The following phrase from Revelations, "pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb," is depicted in which of the following?
Altar of the Lamb from the Ghent Altarpiece
Which of the following artists specialized in images of the Madonna?
Which of the following is a manifestation of the commitment to private prayer?
a Book of Hours
The Portinari Altarpiece contains medieval pictorial devices, small scenes that stress the meaning and significance of the depicted event. Which of the following is one such medieval pictorial device?
the Arrival of the Magi
The Hundred Years War involved primarily which two kingdoms?
England and France
Which of the following was Philip the Bold of Burgundy's most significant commission?
Chartreuse de Champmol
The Nuremberg Chronicle is a tribute to the new craft of the printed illustrated book. What was the content of the Nuremberg Chronicle?
It was the history of the world.
Which city derived its wealth from banking and the wool trade?
the king of England
Emerging capitalism led to urban prosperity. This prosperity led to a growing interest in which of the following art types?
Which of the following was NOT included in Jan van Eyck's Ghent Altarpiece?
Hugo van der Goes's Portinari Altarpiece is characterized by which of the following?
its rich colors and a somber mood
Ghiberti's competitive panel for the Baptistery doors of the Florence Cathedral shows classical references that reflect influences of humanism. Which of the following is a classical reference seen on Ghiberti's panel?
the naked figure of Isaac
Which of the following works represented the beginning of the process of separating architectural sculpture from its architectural setting or niche?
13th century statues, West Front, Reims Cathedral
Donatello was commissioned to create five statues for the bell tower (Campanile) of Florence Cathedral. How did he design these figures in relation to the height factor?
with subtly calculated distortions
How did Masaccio create a sense of bulk for his figures in the Tribute Money?
through modeling with a specific light source outside the picture
In Masaccio's Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden Adam's feet clearly come into contact with the ground. Which of the following is the interpretation for this?
It marks the human presence on earth.
In Masaccio's Trinity, he embodies two principal Renaissance interests. One is realism based on observation. Which of the following is the other?
It is the application of mathematics to pictorial organization of perspective.
The fifteenth-century Italian artist whose work showed the most influence of the International style was ____.
Gentile da Fabriano
Which of the following individuals denounced humanist philosophy?
The development of linear perspective is generally credited to ____.
Which of the following was the most prominent patron of fifteenth-century Florentine art?
The Classical principle of contrapposto, or weight shift, was reintroduced into Western art by the sculptor ____.
Which of the following describes the style of Fra Angelico?
simple and direct
Which of the following artists was most interested in depicting the human body in violent action?
In Leonardo's Last Supper, how did the artist break with traditional iconography?
By the placement of Judas on the same side as Christ and the other Disciples
How did Michelangelo's David become a political statement?
The placement of figure near the west door of the Palazzo della Signoria
How has Michelangelo portrayed David?
With stern watchfulness before the battle
The Sistine ceiling represents which of the following themes?
What is an Arcadian reverie?
Idyllic place of rural, rustic peace and simplicity
Increasingly artists of the High Renaissance paid particular attention to the subject's personality and psychic state. This could also be said to describe the portraiture of which of the following artists?
Paul III convened the Council of Trent in 1545. It was part of which of the following?
Who was Raphael's teacher?
The dome Bramante designed for St. Peter's in Rome would have resembled which of the following?
Of the following, who was one of the most important Roman patrons of Michelangelo?
Which of the following was one of the favorite compositional devices of painters of the High Renaissance?
Which sculptor believed that the artist must proceed by first finding the idea--the image--locked in the stone and then release it by chipping away the stone?
Which of the following sculptural conventions did Michelangelo use for the figure of Moses in order to create an expression of "awful wrath"?
The bulging muscles and swollen veins of the figure
Which of the following developed in 15th century Italy but fully matured in 16th century Italy?
The major centers for artistic development in the High Renaissance were ____.
Rome and Florence
Hans Holbein, a master portraitist, combines realism with monumental composition and sculpturesque form. Which of the following traditions does this describe?
Flemish and Italian
Limbourg Brothers' Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
In Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece, the artist has used specific references, saints and symbols to depict pain, suffering, and salvation and redemption. Which of the following symbols can be interpreted to mean the Son of God?
Why is Saint Anthony prominently featured in the Isenheim Altarpiece?
his association with diseases and miraculous cures
In Pieter Aertsen's Meat Still-Life, the artist has created what appears to be a descriptive genre scene, a butcher's shop displaying its products, as well as fish and pretzels. This work also has embedded within it which of the following?
In the Money Changer and His Wife by Quentin Massys, the artist has given us an image of a professional man transacting business. Massys has provided insight into which of the following?
the secular life of the Netherlands
The first known northern European self-portrait by a woman is purportedly by which of the following?
Caterina van Hemessen
Which artist that did a series of six paintings showing seasonal changes?
Knight, Death, and the Devil is a metaphor for which of the following?
the knight as a soldier of God
Spain in the sixteenth century supported which of the following?
Which of the following was not included in Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece?
God the Father
What anamorphic symbol appears in Holbein's French Ambassadors?
In the 16th century power was focused on the king. This monarch made a concerted effort to elevate his country's cultural profile by inviting esteemed Italian artists to his court. Who was this monarch?
Which of the following artists traveled to Italy yet chose not to incorporate classical elements into his work?
Maderno's design for Santa Susanna in Rome stands as one of the first manifestations of Baroque design. However there was an earlier church that proved to be highly influential for Baroque designs. Which of the following is that church?
Il Gesù, Rome
The central plans are associated with pagan buildings
Bernini's Baldacchino serves both functional and symbolic purposes. It provides a dramatic and compelling visual presentation for the interior of St. Peter's. Which of the following is also one of the symbolic purposes of the Baldacchino?
The columns invoke the past.
Bernini's statue of David differs from previous generations of this depiction. His David seems to be moving through time and space. Which of the following would support this description?
The pivoting motion of the figure implies the movement through space and time.
Which of the following descriptions would also apply to this church?
It emphasized the sculptural qualities of the building.
Caravaggio's Conversion of St. Paul presents the same dynamic emotion and dramatic religious fervor with the use of eloquent pictorial devices and stage lighting in much the same way as in which of the following works of art?
Bernini's Ecstasy of St. Teresa
As part of his training in art Annibale Carracci received instruction in the classical and Renaissance traditions as well as anatomy studies and life drawing. Which of the following styles would describe the style of Carracci?
a more classically ordered style
Due to the dynastic inbreeding in the Hapsburg line, Philip inherited the Hapsburg jaw. How did Velásquez compensate for this "jaw" in the Fraga portrait?
He focused attention of the cloak and baldric worn by the king by making them shimmer.
How does Fra Andrea Pozzo create the illusion of Heaven opening above the heads of the congregation in the church of Sant'Ignazio?
He illusionistically continued the church's actual architecture into the vault so the roof seems to be lifting off.
Velásquez held the titles of First Painter to the King and which of the following?
Chief Steward of the Palace
Which city has been generally credited with the birth of the Baroque style?
The Roman Catholic response to the Reformation was formulated at which of the following?
Council of Trent
Which of the following were among the founding members of the Bolognese Academy of Art?
José de Ribera was most strongly influenced by the work of which of the following artists?
Which of the following artists most influenced the work of Artemisia Gentileschi?
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