Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
Lion-Human, from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany. c. 30,000-26,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory
Bird-Headed Man with Bison. Shaft scene in Lascaux Cave. C. 15,000 BCE. Paint on limestone
Newgrange passage grave entrance with kerbstone and rooftop box. Newgrange, Ireland, c. 3000-2500 BCE
Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England. c. 2000 BCE.; held in place by small mortice & tenon joints
Carved Vessel (Warka Vase). From temple dedicated to Inanna at Uruk (present-day Warka, Iraq), c. 3300-3000 BCE. Alabaster
Votive Figures from the Square Temple (present-day Tell Asmar, Iraq), c. 2900-2600 BCE. Limestone, alabaster, and gypsum.
Disk of Enheduanna from Ur (present-day Muqairyir Iraq), c. 2300-275 BCE. Alabaster
Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions, from palace complex of Assurnasirpal II, Kalhu (present-day Nimrud, Iraq), c. 875-860 BCE. Alabaster
Palette of Narmer, from Hierakonpolis (found in a temple of Horus), Early Dynastic period, c. 2950 BCE. Green schist
MENKAURE AND A QUEEN, PROBABLY KHAMERERNEBTY II. From Giza. Fourth Dynasty, 2490-2472 BCE. Graywacke with traces of red and black paint
SEATED SCRIBE. Found near the tomb of Kai, Saqqara. Fifth Dynasty, c. 2450-2325 BCE. Painted limestone with inlaid eyes of rock crystal, calcite, and magnesite mounted in copper
AKHENATEN AND HIS FAMILY. From Akhetaten (present-day Tell el-Amarna). Eighteenth Dynasty, c. 1353-1336 BCE. Painted limestone relief
STELE OF THE SCULPTOR USERWER. Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1850 BCE. Limestone, red and black ink
KAMARES WARE JUG. From Phaistos, Crete. Old Palace period, c. 2000-1900 BCE. Ceramic
BULL LEAPING. Wall painting with areas of modern reconstruction, from the palace complex, Knossos, Crete. Late Minoan period, c. 1450-1375 BCE.
VAPHEIO CUPS, Found near Sparta, Greece. c. 1650-1450 BCE. Gold
DAGGER BLADE WITH LION HUNT. From Shaft Grave iv, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece. c. 1550-1500 BCE. Bronze inlaid with gold, silver, and niello
Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop, Funerary Krater, from the Dipylon Cemetery, Athens. c. 750-735 BCE. Ceramic
Amasis Painter, Dionysos with Maenads, c. 540 BCE. Black-figure decoration on an amphora. Ceramic
The Death of Sarpedon by Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter), c. 515 BCE. Red-figure decoration on a calyx krater. Ceramic
Temple of Aphaia, Aegina. View from the east. c. 500 or c. 475 BCE.
Dying Warrior, Right corner, West Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, c. 500-490 or 470s BCE.
Spotted Horses and Human Hands, Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France. Horses 25,000-24,000 BCE; hands ca. 15,000. Paint on limestone
Stele of Hammurabi, probably from Sippar; found at Susa (present-day Shush, Iran). c. 1792-1750 BCE. Basalt
GREAT PYRAMIDS, GIZA. Fourth Dynasty, c. 2575-2450 BCE. Erected by Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu Limestone and granite
Polykleitos, SPEAR BEARER (DORYPHOROS). Greek, High Classical; Roman copy after the original bronze of c. 450-440 BCE. Marble, tree trunk and brace strut are Roman additions.
Praxiteles or his followers, HERMES AND THE INFANT DIONYSOS, probably a Hellenistic or Roman copy after Late Classical 4th-century BCE original. Marble, remnants of red paint on lips and hair
Epigonos (?), DYING GALLIC TRUMPETER. Greek, Hellenistic. Roman copy (found in Julius Caesar's garden in Rome) after the original bronze of c. 220 BCE. Marble
ATHENA ATTACKING THE GIANTS. Hellenistic. Detail of the frieze from the east front of the altar from Pergamon. c. 175-150 BCE. Marble
Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athenodoros of Rhodes LAOCOÖN AND HIS SONS. Greek, Hellenistic. Original of 1st century BCE, or a Roman copy, adaptation, or original of the 1st century CE. Marble
Master Sculptor Vulca (?), APOLLO. Etruscan. From the temple of Minerva, Portonaccio, Veii. c. 510-500 BCE. Painted terra cotta
BURIAL CHAMBER, TOMB OF THE RELIEFS. Etruscan. Cerveteri, Italy. 3rd century BCE.
RECLINING COUPLE ON A SARCOPHAGUS FROM CERVETERI, c. 520 BCE. Etruscan. Terra cotta
Cinerary urn, Etruscan, late 4th or early 3rd century BCE. Alabaster
Chimera of Arezzo, c. 400 BCE. Etruscan. Bronze.
PATRICIAN CARRYING PORTRAIT BUSTS OF TWO ANCESTORS (KNOWN AS THE BARBERINI TOGATUS). Roman. End of 1st century BCE or beginning of 1st century CE. Marble
AULUS METELLUS (THE ORATOR). Roman, found near Perugia. c. 80 BCE. Bronze
AUGUSTUS OF PRIMAPORTA. Roman. Early 1st century CE. Perhaps a copy of a bronze statue of c. 20 BCE. Marble, originally colored
EQUESTRIAN STATUE OF MARCUS AURELIUS. Roman. c. 176 CE. Bronze, originally gilded
COMMODUS AS HERCULES. Roman. From the Esquiline Hill, Rome. c. 191-192 CE. Marble
PORTRAIT OF A TETRARCH (GALERIUS?). Roman. Early 4th century CE. Porphyry
THE ARCH OF TITUS. Rome. c. 81 CE (restored 1822-1824). Concrete and white marble
ARCH OF CONSTANTINE. Rome. 312-315 CE (dedicated July 25, 315). Marble
HARVESTING OF GRAPES. Ambulatory vault, church of Santa Costanza, Rome. c. 350. Mosaic.
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus CHURCH OF HAGIA SOPHIA, CONSTANTINOPLE. Modern Istanbul. 532-537. View from the southwest.
EMPRESS THEODORA AND HER ATTENDANTS, SOUTH WALL OF THE APSE.
Church of San Vitale, Ravenna. Consecrated 547. Mosaic
Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels, Icon. Second half of 6th century CE. Encaustic on wood.
Icon of Saint Michael the Archangel. Made on Constantinople, 12th century CE. Silver-gilt on wood, cloisonné enamels, gemstones.
Muqarnas ceiling of Cappella Palatina, Palermo, Italy. c. 1131 – 1143. Wood, paint.
Speyer Cathedral (Imperial Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption and St Stephen), exterior. Speyer, Germany. c. 1080-1106 and second half of 12th century.
Virgin and Child in Majesty, 1150-1200. French, walnut with gesso, paint, linen.
Detail, SOUTH PORTAL, TYMPANUM SHOWING CHRIST IN MAJESTY,
PRIORY CHURCH OF SAINT-PIERRE, MOISSAC. Tarn-et-Garonne, France. c. 1115.
WEST FAÇADE, CHARTRES CATHEDRAL (CATHEDRAL OF NOTRE-DAME). France. West façade begun c. 1134; cathedral rebuilt after a fire in 1194; building continued to 1260; north spire 1507-1513.
SCENES FROM GENESIS. Detail of the Good Samaritan Window, south aisle of nave, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres, France. c. 1200-1210. Stained and painted glass.
A courtyard with a single row of columns (colonnade: columns supporting a lintel or arches) on all sides. A peristyle building has a single row of columns around the perimeter on the outside.
They usually have pools and gardens.
EX: The New Kingdom Temple Plan included this as a renovation for Ancient Egyptian temples.
Lithic = stone
Bronze with gilding
Nat'l Museum of Denmark
(between Tigris & Euphrates Rivers)
Speak same language/same religious beliefs
Vary in tribal make-up?
Empire - strive to enlarge themselves vs. Kingdom - don't expand
Empires can get too big
Limestone, alabaster and gypsum, size variable, University of Chicago
Wood with gold, lapis lazuli, bitumen and shell
Limestone, 6 ft, 6 inches, Louvre Paris
Depicted in different ways:
Old Kingdom: Stepped Pyramid of Djoser (imhotep, architect)
c. 260 BCE; limestone, 204 ft. Saqqara
Old Kingdom: Great Pyramids at Giza
c. 2575-2450 BCE; granite and limestone, 450 ft
Menkaure, Khafre, Khufru (oldest=biggest)
The Great Sphinx
Old Kingdom: Khafre
c.2520-2494 BCE; gneiiss, 5'6" tall. Egyptian Museum
Formal portrait of the king; best clothes for portrait
Old Kingdom: Menkaure and his Queen
2490-2472 BCE; graywacke with polychrome, 54.5" tall. Boston Mueseum
New Kingdom: Funerary Temple of Hapshetsut
New Kingdom: Hatshepsut
c.1473-1458 BCE; red granite, 8'6" tall, Metropolitan Museum
New Kingdom: Temple of Amun at Karnak
c.1579 - 1075 BCE
Old Kingdom: Colossal Ramses II at Abu Simbel
Tel el Amarna: Colossal Figure of Akhenaten
c.1353-1336 BCE; sandstone with polychromy, 13 ft; Egyptian Museum
Maat - "divine truth" / Naturalism - not idealized
Tel el Amarna: Akhenaten and his Family
c.1353-1336 BCE; limestone, 12.12x15.25 inches. Berlin Museum
Sunken relief - relief is 3D image within a flat surface
Sunken relief=carved into to make 3D effect
Anhk - symbolizes everlasting life
Tel el Amarna: Nefertiti (Tutmose)
c.1353 - 1336 BCE; painted limestone, 20" tall. Berlin Museum
New Kingdom: Funeraray Mask of Tutankhamun
1322 BCE; gold with glass and semi-precious stones, 21" tall, Egyptian Museum
Cycladic figurines 2600-2400 bce, polychrome (painted)
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!