Greek meaning: "beautiful writing;" fine handwriting; the cultivating of writing as an art form
a separate house north of the church for copying of Scriptures
doorway often decorated with art and high relief scruptures
a highly decorated half-moon shaped space above a portal
Monophonic (one musical line - no Somprano, Alto, etc.) music used from early Christian to present day
verbal elaborations of the text in a chant
the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession
the singing of notes for each individual syllable
momentos associated with saints
covered walkway around the apse (behind the choir) of a church
various fratneral associations of craftsmen or merchants organizations to maintain standards and protect the interests of its members; "club" or "union"
simultaneous singing of musical lines within a composition
a polyphonic form of music comprised of three to four voices that developedout of Gregorian chant.
a method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics of medieval universities
"arm" on the exterior of a church for support
wall painting on moist plaster
to reduce or distort art in order to convey the illusion of three dimensional space.
represents three-dimensional objects in art by using intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally
a cultural and intellectual movement which emerged in the Renaissance that embraced the belief in human perfectibility; it inspired a renewed study of the literature and philosophy of ancient Rome and Greece
used in printing; metal or wood would have engraving in which would represent positive space in a painting and the printed lines are the negative spaces
song for two or more unaccompanied voices developed in the late 13th and early 14th centuries; Two verse would be set to the same melody separated by a refrain set to a different melody and rhythm.
a 16th century movement against the corruption of the Catholic Church (indulgences), the authority given to theologians to interpret the Bible, and the low standard of education of the parishes; lead to the formation of the Protestant Church.
presided over the Benedictine Abbey of Saint Denis; inspried several architecture themes that included more lighting around the chior area of the church and what we consider to be Gothic themes with ribbed structures and pointed arches; wrote two short booklets on his ideas of decorating and designing the architecture
painted with more realism; more depth, color, and volume; painted Madonna Enthroned; paid to honor Francis of Assisi
Francis of Assisi
Fransesco "Little Frenchman" - a saint that gave all his money away and lived life like a mobile monk that goes from city to city preaching to anything and anyone;
Cosimo De' Medici
spent vast sums on collecting and copying ancient manuscripts; he had his copyists work in a neat cursive hand that would later be considered italic; most significant contribution was the foundation and endowment of an academy for the study of Plato; he befriended and supported Donatello.
Late 8th century (Medieval); made for Pope Hadrian
a master Italian Renaissance painter who used precise mathematical perspective, clarity of line, realistic portrayal of people, and open arrangement. His famous works include the Tribute Money, The Holy Trinity, and the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden.
Renowned Florentine architect and sculptor; designer of the duomo for Cathedral of Florence. He introduced a style of gallery called loggias, which was imitatedthroughout Europe. Other works include the Pazzi Chapel and Foundling Hospital.
Florentine painter; his early paintings depicted biblical subjects, but later he turned to classical themes, producing such masterpieces as The Birth of Venus and La Primavera.
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